Acetylcholine

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Acetylcholine
Acetylcholine.svg
IUPAC name 2-Acetoxy-N,N,N-trimethylethanaminium
Abbreviation ACh
Soorces motor neurons, parasympathetic nervous system, harn
Targets skeletal muscles, harn, mony ither organs
Receptors nicotinic, muscarinic
Agonists nicotine, muscarine, cholinesterase inhibitors
Antagonists tubocurarine, atropine
Precursor choline, acetyl-CoA
Synthesisin enzyme choline acetyltransferase
Metabolisin enzyme acetylcholinesterase
Database links
CAS Nummer 51-84-3 YesY
PubChem CID: 187
IUPHAR/BPS 294
DrugBank EXPT00412 YesY
ChemSpider 182 YesY
KEGG C01996 N

Acetylcholine is an organic chemical that functions in the harn an bouk o mpny teeps o ainimals, includin humans, as a neurotransmitter—a chemical released bi nerve cells tae send signals tae ither cells. Its name is derived frae its chemical structur: it is an ester o acetic acid an choline. Pairts in the bouk that uise or are affectit bi acetylcholine are referred tae as cholinergic. Substances that interfere wi acetylcholine activity are cried anticholinergics.