Acetylcholine

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Acetylcholine
Acetylcholine.svg
IUPAC name2-Acetoxy-N,N,N-trimethylethanaminium
AbbreviationACh
Soorcesmotor neurons, parasympathetic nervous system, harn
Targetsskeletal muscles, harn, mony ither organs
Receptorsnicotinic, muscarinic
Agonistsnicotine, muscarine, cholinesterase inhibitors
Antagoniststubocurarine, atropine
Precursorcholine, acetyl-CoA
Synthesisin enzymecholine acetyltransferase
Metabolisin enzymeacetylcholinesterase
Database links
CAS Nummer51-84-3 YesY
PubChemCID: 187
IUPHAR/BPS294
DrugBankEXPT00412 YesY
ChemSpider182 YesY
KEGGC01996 N

Acetylcholine is an organic chemical that functions in the harn an bouk o mpny teeps o ainimals, includin humans, as a neurotransmitter—a chemical released bi nerve cells tae send signals tae ither cells. Its name is derived frae its chemical structur: it is an ester o acetic acid an choline. Pairts in the bouk that uise or are affectit bi acetylcholine are referred tae as cholinergic. Substances that interfere wi acetylcholine activity are cried anticholinergics.