Academy Awaird for Best Pictur

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The Academy Awaird for Baist Pictur is ane o the Academy Awairds o Merit presentit annually bi the Academy o Motion Picture Airts an Sciences (AMPAS) tae producers wirkin in the film industry an is the anly category in which every member is eligible tae submit a nomination.

Winners an nominees[eedit | eedit soorce]

  indicates the winner

1920s[eedit | eedit soorce]

1927/28 [A] (1st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Wings Paramount, Famous Players-Lasky Lucien Hubbard
The Racket Paramount, Caddo Howard Hughes
7th Heaven Fox William Fox
1928/29 (2nt)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Broadway Melody Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer [L] Irving Thalberg an Lawrence Weingarten
Alibi United Artists, Featur Productions Roland West
Hollywood Revue Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Harry Rapf
In Old Arizona Fox Winfield Sheehan [G]
The Patriot Paramount Ernst Lubitsch

1930s[eedit | eedit soorce]

1929/30 [B] (3rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
All Quiet on the Western Front Universal Carl Laemmle Jr.
The Big House Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
Disraeli Warner Bros. Jack L. Warner an Darryl F. Zanuck
The Divorcee Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Robert Z. Leonard
The Love Parade Paramount Ernst Lubitsch
1930/31 (4t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Cimarron RKO Radio William LeBaron
East Lynne Fox Winfield Sheehan [G]
The Front Page United Artists, Caddo Howard Hughes
Skippy Paramount Adolph Zukor
Trader Horn Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
1931/32 (5t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Grand Hotel Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
Arrowsmith Goldwyn, United Artists Samuel Goldwyn
Bad Girl Fox Winfield Sheehan [G]
The Champ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer King Vidor
Five Star Final Warner Bros., First National Hal B. Wallis
One Hour with You Paramount Ernst Lubitsch
Shanghai Express Paramount Adolph Zukor
The Smiling Lieutenant Paramount Ernst Lubitsch
1932/33 (6t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Cavalcade [H] Fox Winfield Sheehan [G]
42nd Street Warner Bros. Darryl F. Zanuck
A Farewell to Arms [H] Paramount Adolph Zukor
I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
Lady for a Day Columbia Frank Capra
Little Women [H] RKO Radio Merian C. Cooper an Kenneth Macgowan
The Private Life of Henry VIII London Films Alexander Korda
She Done Him Wrong Paramount William LeBaron
Smilin' Through Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
State Fair Fox Winfield Sheehan [G]
1934 (7t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
It Happened One Night [I] Columbia Harry Cohn an Frank Capra
The Barretts of Wimpole Street [I] Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
Cleopatra Paramount Cecil B. DeMille
Flirtation Walk First National Jack L. Warner, Hal B. Wallis, an Robert Lord
The Gay Divorcee RKO Radio Pandro S. Berman
Here Comes the Navy Warner Bros. Lou Edelman
The House of Rothschild [I] 20th Century, United Artists Darryl F. Zanuck, William Goetz, an Raymond Griffith
Imitation of Life Universal John M. Stahl
One Night of Love Columbia Harry Cohn an Everett Riskin
The Thin Man Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Hunt Stromberg
Viva Villa! Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer David O. Selznick
The White Parade Fox Jesse L. Lasky
1935 (8t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Mutiny on the Bounty [J] Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg an Albert Lewin
Alice Adams RKO Radio Pandro S. Berman
Broadway Melody of 1936 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer John W. Considine Jr.
Captain Blood [J] Warner Bros., Cosmopolitan Hal B. Wallis, Harry Joe Brown, an Gordon Hollingshead
David Copperfield Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer David O. Selznick
The Informer [J] RKO Radio Cliff Reid
The Lives of a Bengal Lancer Paramount Louis D. Lighton
A Midsummer Night's Dream Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
Les Misérables 20th Century, United Artists Darryl F. Zanuck
Naughty Marietta Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Hunt Stromberg
Ruggles of Red Gap Paramount Arthur Hornblow Jr.
Top Hat RKO Radio Pandro S. Berman
1936 (9t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Great Ziegfeld Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Hunt Stromberg
Anthony Adverse Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
Dodsworth Goldwyn, United Artists Samuel Goldwyn an Merritt Hulbert
Libeled Lady Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Lawrence Weingarten
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town Columbia Frank Capra
Romeo an Juliet Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg
San Francisco Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer John Emerson an Bernard H. Hyman
The Story of Louis Pasteur Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
A Tale of Two Cities Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer David O. Selznick
Three Smart Girls Universal Joe Pasternak an Charles R. Rogers
1937 (10t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Life of Emile Zola Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
The Awful Truth Columbia Leo McCarey an Everett Riskin
Captains Courageous Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Louis Lighton
Dead End Goldwyn, United Artists Samuel Goldwyn an Merritt Hulbert
The Good Earth Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Thalberg an Albert Lewin
In Old Chicago 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck an Kenneth Macgowan
Lost Horizon Columbia Frank Capra
One Hundred Men an a Girl Universal Charles R. Rogers an Joe Pasternak
Stage Door RKO Radio Pandro S. Berman
A Star Is Born Selznick International, United Artists David O. Selznick
1938 (11t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
You Can't Take It With You Columbia Frank Capra
The Adventures of Robin Hood Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis an Henry Blanke
Alexander's Ragtime Band 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck an Harry Joe Brown
Boys Town Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer John W. Considine Jr.
The Citadel Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Victor Saville
Four Daughters Warner Bros., First National Hal B. Wallis an Henry Blanke
Grand Illusion [K] R. A. O., World Pictures Frank Rollmer an Albert Pinkovitch
Jezebel Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis an Henry Blanke
Pygmalion Pascal Film Productions Gabriel Pascal
Test Pilot Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Louis Lighton
1939 (12t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Gone with the Wind Selznick International, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer David O. Selznick
Dark Victory Warner Bros. David Lewis
Goodbye, Mr. Chips Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Victor Saville
Love Affair RKO Radio Leo McCarey
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Columbia Frank Capra
Ninotchka Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sidney Franklin
Of Mice an Men Roach, United Artists Lewis Milestone
Stagecoach United Artists Walter Wanger
The Wizard of Oz Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Mervyn LeRoy
Wuthering Heights Goldwyn, United Artists Samuel Goldwyn

1940s[eedit | eedit soorce]

1940 (13t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Rebecca Selznick International, United Artists David O. Selznick
All This, an Heaven Too Warner Bros. Jack L. Warner, Hal B. Wallis, an David Lewis
Foreign Correspondent Wanger, United Artists Walter Wanger
The Grapes of Wrath 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck an Nunnally Johnson
The Great Dictator Chaplin, United Artists Charlie Chaplin
Kitty Foyle RKO Radio David Hempstead
The Letter Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
The Long Voyage Home Argosy, Wanger, United Artists John Ford
Our Town Lesser, United Artists Sol Lesser
The Philadelphia Story Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Joseph L. Mankiewicz
1941 [C] (14t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
How Green Was My Valley 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
Blossoms in the Dust Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Irving Asher
Citizen Kane RKO Radio Orson Welles
Here Comes Mr. Jordan Columbia Everett Riskin
Hold Back the Dawn Paramount Arthur Hornblow Jr.
The Little Foxes RKO Radio Samuel Goldwyn
The Maltese Falcon Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
One Foot in Heaven Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
Sergeant York Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis an Jesse L. Lasky
Suspicion RKO Radio Alfred Hitchcock
1942 (15t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Mrs. Miniver Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sidney Franklin
The Invaders (49th Parallel) Ortus Michael Powell
Kings Row Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
The Magnificent Ambersons Mercury, RKO Radio Orson Welles
The Pied Piper 20th Century Fox Nunnally Johnson
The Pride of the Yankees Goldwyn, RKO Radio Samuel Goldwyn
Random Harvest Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sidney Franklin
The Talk of the Town Columbia George Stevens
Wake Island Paramount Joseph Sistrom
Yankee Doodle Dandy Warner Bros. Jack L. Warner, Hal B. Wallis, an William Cagney
1943 (16t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Casablanca Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
For Whom the Bell Tolls Paramount Sam Wood
Heaven Can Wait 20th Century Fox Ernst Lubitsch
The Human Comedy Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Clarence Brown
In Which We Serve Two Cities Films Noël Coward
Madame Curie Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sidney Franklin
The More the Merrier Columbia George Stevens
The Ox-Bow Incident 20th Century Fox Lamar Trotti
The Song of Bernadette 20th Century Fox William Perlberg
Watch on the Rhine Warner Bros. Hal B. Wallis
1944 [D] (17t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Going My Way Paramount Leo McCarey
Double Indemnity Paramount Joseph Sistrom
Gaslight Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Arthur Hornblow Jr.
Since You Went Away Selznick International, United Artists David O. Selznick
Wilson 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
1945 (18t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Lost Weekend Paramount Charles Brackett
Anchors Aweigh Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Joe Pasternak
The Bells of St. Mary's RKO Radio Leo McCarey
Mildred Pierce Warner Bros. Jerry Wald
Spellbound Selznick International, United Artists David O. Selznick
1946 (19t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Best Years of Our Lives RKO Radio Samuel Goldwyn
Henry V Two Cities Films Laurence Olivier
It's a Wonderful Life RKO Radio Frank Capra
The Razor's Edge 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
The Yearling Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sidney Franklin
1947 (20t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Gentleman's Agreement 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
The Bishop's Wife RKO Radio Samuel Goldwyn
Crossfire RKO Radio Adrian Scott
Great Expectations Cineguild Ronald Neame
Miracle on 34th Street 20th Century Fox William Perlberg
1948 (21st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Hamlet Two Cities Films, Universal Laurence Olivier
Johnny Belinda Warner Bros. Jerry Wald
The Red Shoes Independent Producers, The Archers Michael Powell an Emeric Pressburger
The Snake Pit 20th Century Fox Anatole Litvak an Robert Bassler
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
1949 (22nt)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
All the King's Men Rossen, Columbia Robert Rossen
Battleground Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Dore Schary
The Heiress Paramount William Wyler
A Letter to Three Wives 20th Century Fox Sol C. Siegel
Twelve O'Clock High 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck

1950s[eedit | eedit soorce]

1950 (23rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
All About Eve 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
Born Yesterday Columbia S. Sylvan Simon
Father of the Bride Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pandro S. Berman
King Solomon's Mines Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sam Zimbalist
Sunset Boulevard Paramount Charles Brackett
1951 (24t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
An American in Paris Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Arthur Freed
Decision Before Dawn 20th Century Fox Anatole Litvak an Frank McCarthy
A Place in the Sun Paramount George Stevens
Quo Vadis Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sam Zimbalist
A Streetcar Named Desire Warner Bros. Charles K. Feldman
1952 (25t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Greatest Show on Earth Paramount Cecil B. DeMille
High Noon United Artists Stanley Kramer
Ivanhoe Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pandro S. Berman
Moulin Rouge Romulus Films John Huston, John Woolf, an James Woolf
The Quiet Man Republic John Ford an Merian C. Cooper
1953 (26t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
From Here to Eternity Columbia Buddy Adler
Julius Caesar Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer John Houseman
The Robe 20th Century Fox Frank Ross
Roman Holiday Paramount William Wyler
Shane Paramount George Stevens
1954 (27t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
On the Waterfront Columbia Sam Spiegel [N]
The Caine Mutiny Columbia Stanley Kramer
The Country Girl Paramount William Perlberg
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Jack Cummings
Three Coins in the Fountain 20th Century Fox Sol C. Siegel
1955 (28t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Marty United Artists, Steven Productions, Hecht-Lancaster Productions Harold Hecht
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing 20th Century Fox Buddy Adler
Mister Roberts Warner Bros. Leland Hayward
Picnic Columbia Fred Kohlmar
The Rose Tattoo Paramount Hal B. Wallis
1956 (29t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Around the World in 80 Days United Artists, Michael Todd Productions Michael Todd
Friendly Persuasion Allied Artists William Wyler
Giant Warner Bros. George Stevens an Henry Ginsberg
The King an I 20th Century Fox Charles Brackett
The Ten Commandments Paramount Cecil B. DeMille
1957 (30t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Bridge on the River Kwai Columbia, Horizon Pictures Sam Spiegel
12 Angry Men United Artists Henry Fonda an Reginald Rose
Peyton Place 20th Century Fox Jerry Wald
Sayonara Warner Bros. William Goetz
Witness for the Prosecution United Artists Arthur Hornblow Jr.
1958 (31st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Gigi Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Arthur Freed
Auntie Mame Warner Bros. Jack L. Warner
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Lawrence Weingarten
The Defiant Ones Kramer, United Artists Stanley Kramer
Separate Tables United Artists Harold Hecht
1959 (32nt)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Ben-Hur Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sam Zimbalist
Anatomy of a Murder Columbia Otto Preminger
The Diary of Anne Frank 20th Century Fox George Stevens
The Nun's Story Warner Bros. Henry Blanke
Room at the Top Remus Films John Woolf an James Woolf

1960s[eedit | eedit soorce]

1960 (33rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Apartment United Artists, The Mirisch Company Billy Wilder
The Alamo United Artists, Batjac Productions John Wayne
Elmer Gantry United Artists Bernard Smith
Sons an Lovers 20th Century Fox Jerry Wald
The Sundowners Warner Bros. Fred Zinnemann
1961 (34t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
West Side Story United Artists Robert Wise
Fanny Warner Bros. Joshua Logan
The Guns of Navarone Columbia, High Road Carl Foreman
The Hustler 20th Century Fox Robert Rossen
Judgment at Nuremberg United Artists Stanley Kramer
1962 [E] (35t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Lawrence of Arabia Columbia, Horizon Pictures Sam Spiegel
The Longest Day 20th Century Fox Darryl F. Zanuck
The Music Man Warner Bros. Morton DaCosta
Mutiny on the Bounty Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Aaron Rosenberg
To Kill a Mockingbird Universal-International Alan J. Pakula
1963 (36t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Tom Jones United Artists, Woodfall Films Tony Richardson
America America Warner Bros. Elia Kazan
Cleopatra 20th Century Fox Walter Wanger
How the West Was Won Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Cinerama Bernard Smith
Lilies of the Field United Artists Ralph Nelson
1964 (37t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
My Fair Lady Warner Bros. Jack L. Warner
Becket Keep Films, Paramount Film Service Hal B. Wallis
Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying an Love the Bomb Columbia, Hawk Films Stanley Kubrick
Mary Poppins Disney Walt Disney an Bill Walsh
Zorba the Greek 20th Century Fox Michael Cacoyannis
1965 (38t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Sound of Music 20th Century Fox Robert Wise
Darling Vic Films, Appia Films Joseph Janni
Doctor Zhivago Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Carlo Ponti
Ship of Fools Columbia Stanley Kramer
A Thousand Clowns United Artists Fred Coe
1966 (39t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
A Man for All Seasons Columbia, Highland Films Fred Zinnemann
Alfie Sheldrake Films Lewis Gilbert
The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming United Artists Norman Jewison
The Sand Pebbles 20th Century Fox Robert Wise
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Warner Bros. Ernest Lehman
1967 (40t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
In the Heat of the Night United Artists Walter Mirisch
Bonnie an Clyde Warner Bros., Seven Arts Warren Beatty
Doctor Dolittle 20th Century Fox Arthur P. Jacobs
The Graduate Embassy Lawrence Turman
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner Columbia Stanley Kramer
1968 (41st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Oliver! Romulus Films, Warwick Film Productions John Woolf
Funny Girl Columbia Ray Stark
The Lion in Winter Embassy, Haworth Productions Martin Poll
Rachel, Rachel Warner Bros. Paul Newman
Romeo an Juliet B.H.E. Productions, Verona Produzione, Dino De Laurentiis Anthony Havelock-Allan an John Brabourne
1969 (42nt)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Midnight Cowboy United Artists Jerome Hellman
Anne of the Thousand Days Universal Hal B. Wallis
Butch Cassidy an the Sundance Kid 20th Century Fox John Foreman
Hello, Dolly! 20th Century Fox Ernest Lehman
Z [K] O.N.C.I.C., Cinema V Jacques Perrin an Ahmed Rachedi

1970s[eedit | eedit soorce]

1970 (43rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Patton 20th Century Fox Frank McCarthy
Airport Universal Ross Hunter
Five Easy Pieces Columbia Bob Rafelson an Richard Wechsler
Love Story Paramount Howard G. Minsky
M*A*S*H 20th Century Fox Ingo Preminger
1971 (44t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The French Connection 20th Century Fox Philip D'Antoni
A Clockwork Orange Warner, Hawk Films Stanley Kubrick
Fiddler on the Roof United Artists Norman Jewison
The Last Picture Show Columbia Stephen J. Friedman
Nicholas an Alexandra Columbia Sam Spiegel
1972 (45t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Godfather Paramount Albert S. Ruddy
Cabaret Allied Artists, ABC Pictures Cy Feuer
Deliverance Warner Bros. John Boorman
The Emigrants [K] Svensk Filmindustri Bengt Forslund
Sounder 20th Century Fox Robert B. Radnitz
1973 (46t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Sting Universal Tony Bill, Michael Phillips, an Julia Phillips
American Graffiti Lucasfilm, Universal, Coppola Co. Francis Ford Coppola an Gary Kurtz
Cries an Whispers [K] Cinematograph, Svenska Filminstitutet Ingmar Bergman
The Exorcist Warner Bros. William Peter Blatty
A Touch of Class Avco Embassy, Gordon Film Productions Melvin Frank
1974 (47t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Godfather Part II [O] Paramount Francis Ford Coppola, Gray Frederickson, an Fred Roos
Chinatown Paramount Robert Evans
The Conversation Paramount, Coppola Co. Francis Ford Coppola
Lenny United Artists Marvin Worth
The Towering Inferno 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros. Irwin Allen
1975 (48t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest United Artists Michael Douglas an Saul Zaentz [N]
Barry Lyndon Warner Bros., Peregrine Productions, Hawk Films Stanley Kubrick
Dog Day Afternoon Warner Bros. Martin Bregman an Martin Elfand
Jaws Universal Richard D. Zanuck an David Brown
Nashville Paramount Robert Altman
1976 (49t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Rocky United Artists Irwin Winkler an Robert Chartoff
All the President's Men Warner Bros. Walter Coblenz
Bound for Glory United Artists Robert F. Blumofe an Harold Leventhal
Network Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, United Artists Howard Gottfried
Taxi Driver Columbia Michael Phillips an Julia Phillips
1977 (50t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Annie Hall United Artists Charles H. Joffe
The Goodbye Girl Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Warner Bros. Ray Stark
Julia 20th Century Fox Richard Roth
Star Wars Lucasfilm, 20th Century Fox Gary Kurtz
The Turning Point 20th Century Fox Herbert Ross an Arthur Laurents
1978 (51st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Deer Hunter Universal, EMI Barry Spikings, Michael Deeley, Michael Cimino, an John Peverall
Coming Home United Artists Jerome Hellman
Heaven Can Wait Paramount Warren Beatty
Midnight Express Columbia, Casablanca Filmworks Alan Marshall an David Puttnam
An Unmarried Woman 20th Century Fox, Casablanca Filmworks Paul Mazursky an Tony Ray
1979 (52nt)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Kramer vs. Kramer Columbia Stanley R. Jaffe
All That Jazz 20th Century Fox, Columbia Robert Alan Aurthur
Apocalypse Now Zoetrope Francis Ford Coppola, Fred Roos, Gray Frederickson, an Tom Sternberg
Breaking Away 20th Century Fox Peter Yates
Norma Rae 20th Century Fox Tamara Asseyev an Alex Rose

1980s[eedit | eedit soorce]

1980 (53rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Ordinary People Paramount Ronald L. Schwary
Coal Miner's Daughter Universal Bernard Schwartz
The Elephant Man Paramount, Brooksfilms Jonathan Sanger
Raging Bull United Artists Irwin Winkler an Robert Chartoff
Tess Renn Productions, Timothy Burrill Productions Claude Berri an Timothy Burrill
1981 (54t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Chariots of Fire Enigma Film Productions David Puttnam
Atlantic City Cine-Neighbor, Selta Films Denis Héroux
On Golden Pond ITC, Universal Bruce Gilbert
Raiders of the Lost Ark Lucasfilm, Paramount Frank Marshall
Reds Paramount Warren Beatty
1982 (55t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Gandhi Columbia Richard Attenborough
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Universal, Amblin Entertainment Steven Spielberg an Kathleen Kennedy [M]
Missing Universal Edward Lewis an Mildred Lewis
Tootsie Columbia Sydney Pollack an Dick Richards
The Verdict 20th Century Fox Richard D. Zanuck an David Brown
1983 (56t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Terms of Endearment Paramount James L. Brooks
The Big Chill Columbia Michael Shamberg
The Dresser Goldcrest, World Film Services Peter Yates
The Right Stuff Warner Bros., The Ladd Company Irwin Winkler an Robert Chartoff
Tender Mercies Universal, EMI Philip S. Hobel
1984 (57t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Amadeus Orion Saul Zaentz
The Killing Fields Enigma Film Productions David Puttnam
A Passage to India G.W. Films, Thorn EMI John Brabourne an Richard B. Goodwin
Places in the Heart Tri-Star Arlene Donovan
A Soldier's Story Columbia Norman Jewison, Ronald L. Schwary, an Patrick Palmer
1985 (58t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Out of Africa Universal, Mirage Enterprises Sydney Pollack
The Color Purple Warner Bros., Amblin Entertainment Steven Spielberg, Kathleen Kennedy, Frank Marshall, an Quincy Jones
Kiss of the Spider Woman Island Alive, FilmDallas Pictures, HB Filmes David Weisman
Prizzi's Honor 20th Century Fox, ABC Motion Pictures John Foreman
Witness Paramount Edward S. Feldman
1986 (59t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Platoon Orion, Hemdale Arnold Kopelson
Children of a Lesser God Paramount Burt Sugarman an Patrick J. Palmer
Hannah an Her Sisters Orion Robert Greenhut
The Mission Enigma Film Productions, Goldcrest Films, Kingsmere Fernando Ghia an David Puttnam
A Room with a View Merchant Ivory Ismail Merchant
1987 (60t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Last Emperor [O] Columbia, Hemdale, Recorded Picture Company, Yanco Films, TAO Films, AAA, Soprofilms Jeremy Thomas
Broadcast News 20th Century Fox James L. Brooks
Fatal Attraction Paramount Stanley R. Jaffe an Sherry Lansing
Hope an Glory Columbia, Goldcrest films John Boorman
Moonstruck Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Patrick J. Palmer an Norman Jewison
1988 (61st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Rain Man United Artists Mark Johnson
The Accidental Tourist Warner Bros. Lawrence Kasdan, Charles Okun, an Michael Grillo
Dangerous Liaisons Warner Bros., Lorimar, N.F.H. Productions Norma Heyman an Hank Moonjean
Mississippi Burning Orion Frederick Zollo an Robert F. Colesberry
Working Girl 20th Century Fox Douglas Wick
1989 (62nt)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Driving Miss Daisy Warner Bros. Richard D. Zanuck an Lili Fini Zanuck
Born on the Fourth of July Universal A. Kitman Ho an Oliver Stone
Dead Poets Society Touchstone Steven Haft, Paul Junger Witt, an Tony Thomas
Field of Dreams Universal Lawrence Gordon an Charles Gordon
My Left Foot Miramax, Ferndale Films, Granada Televeesion International Noel Pearson

1990s[eedit | eedit soorce]

1990 (63rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Dances with Wolves Orion, TIG Productions Jim Wilson an Kevin Costner
Awakenings Columbia Walter F. Parkes an Lawrence Lasker
Ghost Paramount Lisa Weinstein
The Godfather Part III Paramount, American Zoetrope Francis Ford Coppola
Goodfellas Warner Bros. Irwin Winkler
1991 (64t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Silence of the Lambs Orion Edward Saxon, Kenneth Utt, an Ron Bozman
Beauty and the Beast Disney Don Hahn
Bugsy TriStar, Mulholland Productions, Baltimore Pictures Mark Johnson, Barry Levinson, an Warren Beatty
JFK Warner Bros., Regency Enterprises A. Kitman Ho an Oliver Stone
The Prince of Tides Columbia Barbra Streisand an Andrew S. Karsch
1992 (65t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Unforgiven Warner Bros., Malpaso Clint Eastwood
The Crying Game Palace Pictures Stephen Woolley
A Few Good Men Columbia, Castle Rock Entertainment David Brown, Rob Reiner, an Andrew Scheinman
Howards End Sony Pictures Classics, Merchant Ivory Ismail Merchant
Scent of a Woman Universal Martin Brest
1993 (66t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Schindler's List Universal, Amblin Entertainment Steven Spielberg, Gerald R. Molen, an Branko Lustig
The Fugitive Warner Bros. Arnold Kopelson
In the Name of the Father Universal, Hell's Kitchen Jim Sheridan
The Piano Miramax, Jan Chapman Productions Jan Chapman
The Remains of the Day Columbia, Merchant Ivory Mike Nichols, John Calley, an Ismail Merchant
1994 (67t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Forrest Gump Paramount Wendy Finerman, Steve Tisch, an Steve Starkey
Four Weddings an a Funeral PolyGram, Working Title Duncan Kenworthy
Pulp Fiction Miramax Lawrence Bender
Quiz Show Hollywood Michael Jacobs, Julian Krainin, Michael Nozik, an Robert Redford
The Shawshank Redemption Columbia, Castle Rock Entertainment Niki Marvin
1995 (68t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Braveheart Paramount, 20th Century Fox, Icon Mel Gibson, Alan Ladd Jr., an Bruce Davey
Apollo 13 Universal, Imagine Entertainment Brian Grazer
Babe Universal, Kennedy Miller Productions Bill Miller, George Miller, an Doug Mitchell
Il Postino: The Postman [K] Miramax, Cecchi Gori Group Tiger Cinematografica, Esterno Mediterraneo Film, Blue Dahlia, Penta Film Mario Cecchi Gori, Vittorio Cecchi Gori, an Gaetano Daniele
Sense an Sensibility Columbia, Mirage Lindsay Doran
1996 (69t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The English Patient Miramax, Tiger Moth Productions Saul Zaentz
Fargo PolyGram Ethan Coen
Jerry Maguire Tristar, Gracie Films James L. Brooks, Laurence Mark, Richard Sakai, an Cameron Crowe
Secrets & Lies October, Thin Man Films Simon Channing-Williams
Shine Fine Line Features, Momentum Films Jane Scott
1997 (70t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Titanic Paramount, 20th Century Fox, Lightstorm Entertainment James Cameron an Jon Landau
As Good as It Gets Tristar, Gracie Films James L. Brooks, Bridget Johnson, Kristi Zea
The Full Monty Fox Searchlight, Redwave Films Umberto Pasolini
Good Will Hunting Miramax, A Band Apart Lawrence Bender
L.A. Confidential Warner Bros., Regency Enterprises Curtis Hanson, Arnon Milchan, an Michael G. Nathanson
1998 (71st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Shakespeare in Love Miramax, Universal, Bedford Faws Company David Parfitt, Donna Gigliotti, Harvey Weinstein, Edward Zwick, an Marc Norman
Elizabeth PolyGram, Working Title Alison Owen, Eric Fellner, an Tim Bevan
Life Is Beautiful [K] Miramax, Melampo Cinematografica, Pacific Pictures Elda Ferri an Gianluigi Braschi
Saving Private Ryan DreamWorks, Paramount, Amblin Entertainment Steven Spielberg, Ian Bryce, Mark Gordon, an Gary Levinsohn
The Thin Red Line 20th Century Fox Robert Michael Geisler, John Roberdeau, an Grant Hill
1999 (72nt)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
American Beauty DreamWorks, Jinks/Cohen Co. Bruce Cohen an Dan Jinks
The Cider House Rules Miramax, FilmColony Richard N. Gladstein
The Green Mile Warner Bros., Castle Rock Entertainment Frank Darabont an David Valdes
The Insider Touchstone, Spyglass Entertainment Pieter Jan Brugge an Michael Mann
The Sixth Sense Hollywood, Spyglass Entertainment Frank Marshall, Kathleen Kennedy, an Barry Mendel

2000s[eedit | eedit soorce]

2000 (73rd)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Gladiator DreamWorks, Universal, Scott Free Productions Douglas Wick, David Franzoni, an Branko Lustig
Chocolat Miramax David Brown, Kit Golden, an Leslie Holleran
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon [K] Sony Pictures Classics William Kong, Hsu Li Kong, an Ang Lee
Erin Brockovich Universal, Columbia, Jersey Films Danny DeVito, Michael Shamberg, an Stacey Sher
Traffic Universal, USA, Bedford Faws Company Edward Zwick, Marshall Herskovitz, an Laura Bickford
2001 (74t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
A Beautiful Mind DreamWorks, Universal, Imagine Entertainment Brian Grazer an Ron Howard
Gosford Park USA, Sandcastle 5 Productions, Zestwick Robert Altman, Bob Balaban, an David Levy
In the Bedroom Miramax, Good Machine Graham Leader, Ross Katz, an Todd Field
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring New Line Cinema, WingNut Films Peter Jackson, Fran Walsh, an Barrie M. Osborne
Moulin Rouge! 20th Century Fox, Bazmark Martin Brown, Baz Luhrmann, an Fred Baron
2002 (75t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Chicago Miramax, Producer Circle Co., Storyline Entertainment Martin Richards
Gangs of New York Miramax Alberto Grimaldi an Harvey Weinstein
The Hours Paramount, Miramax, Scott Rudin Productions Scott Rudin an Robert Fox
The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers New Line Cinema, WingNut Films Barrie M. Osborne, Fran Walsh, an Peter Jackson
The Pianist Focus Features, RP Productions, Heritage Films, Babelsberg Studios, Runteam Roman Polanski, Robert Benmussa, an Alain Sarde
2003 (76t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King New Line Cinema, WingNut Films Barrie M. Osborne, Peter Jackson, an Fran Walsh
Lost in Translation Focus Features, American Zoetrope Ross Katz an Sofia Coppola
Master an Commander: The Far Side of the World 20th Century Fox, Miramax, Universal, Samuel Goldlwyn Films Samuel Goldwyn Jr., Peter Weir, an Duncan Henderson
Mystic River Warner Bros.,Village Roadshow Pictures, Malpaso Robert Lorenz, Judie G. Hoyt, an Clint Eastwood
Seabiscuit DreamWorks, Universal, Spyglass Entertainment, Kennedy/Marshall Productions Kathleen Kennedy, Frank Marshall, an Gary Ross
2004 (77t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Million Dollar Baby Warner Bros., Lakeshore Entertainment, Malpaso Clint Eastwood, Albert S. Ruddy, an Tom Rosenberg
The Aviator Warner Bros., Miramax, Forward Pass, Appian Way Michael Mann an Graham King
Finding Neverland Miramax, Filmcolony Richard N. Gladstein an Nellie Bellflower
Ray Universal, Bristol Bay Productions, Anvil Films Taylor Hackford, Stuart Benjamin, an Howard Baldwin
Sideways Fox Searchlight Michael London
2005 (78t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Crash Lionsgate, BlackFriar's Bridge, Harris Company, ApolloProScreen Paul Haggis an Cathy Schulman
Brokeback Mountain Focus Features, River Road Entertainment Diana Ossana an James Schamus
Capote Sony Pictures Classics, United Artists, A-Line Pictures, Cooper's Town Productions, Infinity Media Caroline Baron, William Vince, an Michael Ohoven
Good Night, an Good Luck Warner Independent, Section Eight Productions, 2929 Entertainment Grant Heslov
Munich DreamWorks, Universal, Amblin Entertainment, Kennedy/Marshall Productions Steven Spielberg, Kathleen Kennedy, an Barry Mendel
2006 (79t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Departed Warner Bros., Plan B Pictures, Initial Entertainment Group, Vertigo Entertainment Graham King
Babel Paramount Vantage, Anonymous Content, Zeta Film Alejandro González Iñárritu, Steve Golin, an Jon Kilik
Letters from Iwo Jima [K] DreamWorks, Warner Bros., Malpaso, Amblin Entertainment Clint Eastwood, Steven Spielberg, an Robert Lorenz
Little Miss Sunshine Fox Searchlight, Big Beach, Deep River Productions David T. Friendly, Peter Saraf, an Marc Turtletaub
The Queen Miramax, Granada Productions Andy Harries, Christine Langan, an Tracey Seaward
2007 (80t)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
No Country for Old Men Paramount Vantage, Miramax, Mike Zoss Productions Scott Rudin, Joel Coen, an Ethan Coen
Atonement Focus Features, Working Title Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, an Paul Webster
Juno Fox Searchlight, Mr. Mudd Lianne Halfon, Mason Novick, an Russell Smith
Michael Clayton Warner Bros., Castle Rock Entertainment, Section Eight Productions, Mirage Enterprises Jennifer Fox, Kerry Orent, an Sydney Pollack
There Will Be Blood Paramount Vantage, Miramax Paul Thomas Anderson, Daniel Lupi, an JoAnne Sellar
2008 (81st)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
Slumdog Millionaire [O] Fox Searchlight, Warner Bros., Celador, Film4 Christian Colson
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button Paramount, Warner Bros., Kennedy/Marshall Productions Kathleen Kennedy, Frank Marshall, an Cean Chaffin
Frost/Nixon Universal, Imagine Entertainment, Working Title Ron Howard, Brian Grazer, an Eric Fellner
Milk Focus Features, Jinks/Cohen Co., Groundswell Bruce Cohen an Dan Jinks
The Reader The Weinstein Co., Mirage, Neunte Babelsberg Film Anthony Minghella, Sydney Pollack, Donna Gigliotti, an Redmond Morris
2009 (82nt)
Film Production company(s) Producer(s)
The Hurt Locker Summit Entertainment, Voltage Pictures, First Licht Productions, Kingsgate Films Kathryn Bigelow, Mark Boal, Nicolas Chartier, an Greg Shapiro
Avatar 20th Century Fox, Lightstorm Entertainment, Dune Entertainment, Ingenious Media James Cameron an Jon Landau
The Blind Side Warner Bros., Alcon Entertainment Gil Netter, Andrew A. Kosove, an Broderick Johnson
District 9 Tristar, WingNut Films Peter Jackson an Carolynne Cunningham
An Education Sony Pictures Classics, Finola Dwyer Productions, Wildgaze Films Finola Dwyer an Amanda Posey
Inglourious Basterds The Weinstein Co., Universal, Band Apart, Zehnte Babelsberg Film Lawrence Bender
Precious: Based on the Novel "Push" by Sapphire Lionsgate, Lee Daniels Entertainment, Smokewood Entertainment Lee Daniels, Sarah Siegel-Magness, an Gary Magness
A Serious Man Focus Features, Working Title, Mike Zoss Productions Joel Coen an Ethan Coen
Up Disney, Pixar Jonas Rivera
Up in the Air Paramount, The Montecito Picture Company Daniel Dubiecki, Ivan Reitman, an Jason Reitman

2010s[eedit | eedit soorce]

Year Film Nominees
The King's Speech Iain Canning, Emile Sherman an Gareth Unwin
127 Hours Danny Boyle, John Smithson an Christian Colson
Black Swan Scott Franklin, Mike Medavoy an Brian Oliver
The Fighter David Hoberman, Todd Lieberman an Mark Wahlberg
Inception Christopher Nolan an Emma Thomas
The Kids Are All Right Gary Gilbert, Jeffrey Levy-Hinte an Celine Rattray
The Social Network Dana Brunetti, Ceán Chaffin, Michael De Luca an Scott Rudin
Toy Story 3 Darla K. Anderson
True Grit Joel Coen, Ethan Coen, and Scott Rudin
Winter's Bone Alix Madigan an Anne Rosellini
The Artist Thomas Langmann
The Descendants Jim Burke, Alexander Payne an Jim Taylor
Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close Scott Rudin
The Help Brunson Green, Chris Columbus an Michael Barnathan
Hugo Graham King an Martin Scorsese
Midnight in Paris Letty Aronson an Stephen Tenenbaum
Moneyball Michael De Luca, Rachael Horovitz an Brad Pitt
The Tree of Life Sarah Green, Bill Pohlad, Dede Gardner an Grant Hill
War Horse Steven Spielberg an Kathleen Kennedy
Argo Grant Heslov, Ben Affleck an George Clooney
Amour Margaret Menegoz, Stefan Arndt, Veit Heiduschka an Michael Katz
Beasts of the Southern Wild Dan Janvey, Josh Penn and Michael Gottwald
Django Unchained Stacey Sher, Reginald Hudlin an Pilar Savone
Les Misérables Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, Debra Hayward an Cameron Mackintosh
Life of Pi Gil Netter, Ang Lee an David Womark
Lincoln Steven Spielberg an Kathleen Kennedy
Silver Linings Playbook Donna Gigliotti, Bruce Cohen an Jonathan Gordon
Zero Dark Thirty Mark Boal, Kathryn Bigelow an Megan Ellison
12 Years a Slave Brad Pitt, Dede Gardner, Jeremy Kleiner, Steve McQueen an Anthony Katagas
American Hustle Charles Roven, Richard Suckle, Megan Ellison an Jonathan Gordon
Captain Phillips Scott Rudin, Dana Brunetti an Michael De Luca
Dallas Buyers Club Robbie Brenner an Rachel Winter
Gravity Alfonso Cuarón an David Heyman
Her Megan Ellison, Spike Jonze an Vincent Landay
Nebraska Albert Berger an Ron Yerxa
Philomena Gabrielle Tana, Steve Coogan an Tracey Seaward
The Wolf of Wall Street Martin Scorsese, Leonardo DiCaprio, Joey McFarland an Emma Tillinger Koskoff
Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, John Lesher an James W. Skotchdopole
American Sniper Clint Eastwood, Andrew Lazar, Robert Lorenz, Bradley Cooper an Peter Morgan
Boyhood Richard Linklater an Cathleen Sutherland
The Grand Budapest Hotel Wes Anderson, Scott Rudin, Steven M. Rales an Jeremy Dawson
The Imitation Game Nora Grossman, Ido Ostrowsky an Teddy Schwarzman
Selma Christian Colson, Oprah Winfrey, Dede Gardner an Jeremy Kleiner
The Theory of Everything Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, Lisa Bruce an Anthony McCarten
Whiplash Jason Blum, Helen Estabrook an David Lancaster
Spotlight Blye Pagon Faust, Steve Golin, Nicole Rocklin an Michael Sugar
The Big Short Dede Gardner, Jeremy Kleiner an Brad Pitt
Bridge of Spies Steven Spielberg, Marc Platt an Kristie Macosko Krieger
Brooklyn Finola Dwyer an Amanda Posey
Mad Max: Fury Road Doug Mitchell an George Miller
The Martian Simon Kinberg, Ridley Scott, Michael Schaefer an Mark Huffam
The Revenant Arnon Milchan, Steve Golin, Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Mary Parent an Keith Redmon
Room Ed Guiney
Moonlight Adele Romanski, Dede Gardner an Jeremy Kleiner
Arrival Shawn Levy, Dan Levine, Aaron Ryder an David Linde
Fences Scott Rudin, Denzel Washington an Todd Black
Hacksaw Ridge Bill Mechanic an David Permut
Hell or High Water Carla Hacken an Julie Yorn
Hidden Figures Donna Gigliotti, Peter Chernin, Jenno Topping, Pharrell Williams an Theodore Melfi
La La Land Fred Berger, Jordan Horowitz an Marc Platt
Lion Emile Sherman, Iain Canning an Angie Fielder
Manchester by the Sea Matt Damon, Kimberly Steward, Chris Moore, Lauren Beck an Kevin J. Walsh
The Shape of Water Guillermo del Toro an J. Miles Dale
Call Me by Your Name Peter Spears, Luca Guadagnino, Emilie Georges an Marco Morabito
Darkest Hour Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, Lisa Bruce, Anthony McCarten an Douglas Urbanski
Dunkirk Emma Thomas an Christopher Nolan
Get Out Sean McKittrick, Jason Blum, Edward H. Hamm Jr. an Jordan Peele
Lady Bird Scott Rudin, Eli Bush an Evelyn O'Neill
Phantom Thread JoAnne Sellar, Paul Thomas Anderson, Megan Ellison an Daniel Lupi
The Post Amy Pascal, Steven Spielberg an Kristie Macosko Krieger
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Graham Broadbent, Pete Czernin an Martin McDonagh


  • A : The offeecial name o the awaird frae 1927/28 to 1928/29 wis Ootstaunding Pictur.
  • B : The offeecial name o the awaird frae 1929/30 to 1940 wis Ootstaunding Production.
  • C : The offeecial name o the awaird frae 1941 to 1943 wis Ootstaundin Motion Pictur.
  • D : The offeecial name o the awaird frae 1944 to 1961 wis Best Motion Pictur.
  • E : The offeecial name o the awaird syne 1962 haes been Best Pictur.
  • F : Thare war twa categories that war seen as equally the tap awaird at the time: "Ootstaundin Pictur" an Unique an Airteestic Production whaur the winner for the latter wis Sunrise (production company: Fox; producer: William Fox). This category wis dropped immediately aefter the first year o the Academy Awaird an the umwhile category wis retroactively seen as the tap awaird.[1]
  • G1 2 3 4 5 : Heid o studio
  • H1 2 3 : The Academy an aa annoonced that A Farewell to Arms came in seicont, an Little Women third.
  • I1 2 3 : The Academy an aa annoonced that The Barretts of Wimpole Street came in seicont, an The House of Rothschild third.
  • J1 2 3 : The Academy an aa annoonced that The Informer came in seicont, an Captain Blood third.
  • K1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : Nominatit motion pictur wi non-Inglis dialogue track (AMPAS: foreign leid film).[2] Fower o which – Z; Life is Beautiful; Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon; an Amour – wan the Academy Awaird for Best Foreign Leid Film.[3]
  • L : Production company with the maist nominations (38) an the maist awairds (5). Applying anly from 1927/1928 to 1950.[4]
  • M : Person wi the maist nominations (8 nominations, 0 awairds). Applyin anly frae 1951 tae 2012.[4]
  • N : Person wi the maist awairds (3 awairds, Spiegel 4 nominations, Zaentz 3 nominations). Applyin anly frae 1951 tae 2008.[4]
  • O1 2 3 : Winner wi partly non-Inglis dialogue track (AMPAS: foreign leid).[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Best Pictures - Facts & Trivia (part 1)". Archived frae the oreeginal on 9 January 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. "Oscar Trivia". Retrieved 2009-11-13.
  3. Variety Staff (2007-03-01). "Best Foreign Film". Variety. Retrieved 2009-11-13. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Academy Awards Statistics". Academy of Motion Picture Arts an Sciences. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
  5. "Best Pictures - Facts & Trivia (part 2)". Retrieved 2009-11-13.