Abdus Salam

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Mohammad Abdus Salam
محمد عبد السلام
Abdus Salam 1987.jpg
Abdus Salam in 1987
Born29 Januar 1926(1926-01-29)
Jhang, Punjab, Breetish Indie
(nou in Punjab, Pakistan)
Dee'd21 November 1996(1996-11-21) (aged 70)
Oxford, Unitit Kinrick
NaitionalityIslamic Republic o Pakistan
Alma materGovrenment College Varsity
Punjab University
St John's College, Cambridge
Kent forElectroweak theory · Goldstone boson · Grand Unified Theory · Higgs mechanism · Magnetic photon · Neutral current · Pati–Salam model · Quantum mechanics · Pakistan atomic resairch programme · Pakistan space programme · Preon · Staundart Model · Strang gravity · Superfield · W an Z bosons ·
Amtul Hafeez Begum (m. 1949–1996)

Louise Johnson (m. 1968–1996)

AwairdsSmith's Prize (1950)
Adams Prize (1958)
FRS (1959)[1]
Sitara-e-Pakistan (1959)
Hughes Medal (1964)
Atoms for Peace Prize (1968)
Ryal Medal (1978)
Nobel Prize in Pheesics (1979)
Nishan-e-Imtiaz (1979)
Jozef Stefan Medal (1980)
Gowd Medal for Ootstaundin Contreibutions tae Pheesics (1981)
Lomonosov Gowd Medal(1983)
Copley Medal (1990)
Cristoforo Colombo Prize (1992)
Scientific career
FieldsTheoretical pheesics
InstitutionsPAEC · SUPARCO · PINSTECH · Punjab Varsity · Imperial College London · Government College Varsity · Varsity o Cambridge · ICTP · COMSATS · TWAS · Edward Bouchet Abdus Salam Institute
ThesisDevelopments in quantum theory of fields (1952)
Doctoral advisorNicholas Kemmer
Other academic advisorsPaul Matthews
Doctoral studentsMichael Duff · Ali Chamseddine · Robert Delbourgo · Walter Gilbert · John Moffat · Yuval Ne'eman · John Polkinghorne · Riazuddin · Fayyazuddin · Masud Ahmad · Partha Ghose · Kamaluddin Ahmed · John Taylor · Ghulam Murtaza · Christopher Isham[2] · Munir Ahmad Rashid
Ither notable studentsFaheem Hussain · Pervez Hoodbhoy · Abdul Hameed Nayyar · Ghulam Dastagir Alam

Mohammad Abdus Salam[3][4] NI, SPk, KBE[5] (Punjabi, Urdu: محمد عبد السلام‎; pronounced [əbd̪ʊs səlɑm]; 29 Januar 1926 – 21 November 1996),[1] wis a Pakistani theoretical pheesicist. A major figur in 20t century theoretical pheesics, he shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Pheesics wi Sheldon Glashow an Steven Weinberg for his contreibution tae the electroweak unification theory.[6] He wis the first Pakistani an first Muslim tae receive a Nobel Prize in science an the seicont from an Islamic kintra tae receive ony Nobel Prize (efter Anwar Sadat o Egyp).[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b Kibble, T. W. B. (1998). "Muhammad Abdus Salam, K. B. E.. 29 January 1926-21 November 1996". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 44: 387. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1998.0025. JSTOR 770251.
  2. Gordon Fraser, Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam — The First Muslim Nobel Scientist, Oxford University Press, 2008, p. 119.
  3. Fraser, Gordon (2008). Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam — The First Muslim Nobel Scientist. Oxford University Press. p. 249. ISBN 978-0-19-920846-3. Salam adopted the forename "Mohammad" in 1974 in response to the anti-Ahmadiyya decrees in Pakistan, similarly he grew his beard.
  4. Rizvi, Murtaza (21 November 2011). "Salaam Abdus Salam". The Dawn Newspapers. Archived frae the original on 17 Februar 2012. Mohammad Abdus Salam (1926–1996) was his full name, which may add to the knowledge of those who wish he was either not Ahmadi or Pakistani. He was the guiding spirit and founder of Pakistan's atomic bomb programme, as well as Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission and Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO). Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  5. This is the staundart transleeteration (e.g. see the ICTP Wabsteid Archived 2008-02-28 at the Wayback Machine an Nobel Bio). Ither transleeterations include Abdus Salam; see Abd as-Salam for mair details.
  6. "1979 Nobel Prize in Physics". Nobel Prize. Archived frae the original on 2014-07-07. Retrieved 2017-03-17. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  7. (Ghani 1982, pp. i–xi)