Mohammad Abdus Salam NI, SPk, KBE (Punjabi, Urdu: محمد عبد السلام; pronounced [əbd̪ʊs səlɑm]; 29 Januar 1926 – 21 November 1996), wis a Pakistani theoretical pheesicist. A major figur in 20t century theoretical pheesics, he shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Pheesics wi Sheldon Glashow an Steven Weinberg for his contreibution tae the electroweak unification theory. He wis the first Pakistani an first Muslim tae receive a Nobel Prize in science an the seicont from an Islamic kintra tae receive ony Nobel Prize (efter Anwar Sadat o Egyp).
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Kibble, T. W. B. (1998). "Muhammad Abdus Salam, K. B. E.. 29 January 1926-21 November 1996". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 44: 387. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1998.0025. JSTOR 770251.
- Gordon Fraser, Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam — The First Muslim Nobel Scientist, Oxford University Press, 2008, p. 119.
- Fraser, Gordon (2008). Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam — The First Muslim Nobel Scientist. Oxford University Press. p. 249. ISBN 978-0-19-920846-3. Salam adopted the forename "Mohammad" in 1974 in response to the anti-Ahmadiyya decrees in Pakistan, similarly he grew his beard.
- Rizvi, Murtaza (21 November 2011). "Salaam Abdus Salam". The Dawn Newspapers. Archived frae the oreeginal on 17 February 2012.
Mohammad Abdus Salam (1926–1996) was his full name, which may add to the knowledge of those who wish he was either not Ahmadi or Pakistani. He was the guiding spirit and founder of Pakistan's atomic bomb programme, as well as Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission and Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO).
- This is the staundart transleeteration (e.g. see the ICTP Wabsteid an Nobel Bio). Ither transleeterations include Abdus Salam; see Abd as-Salam for mair details.
- "1979 Nobel Prize in Physics". Nobel Prize. Archived frae the oreeginal on 7 July 2014.
- (Ghani 1982, pp. i–xi)