4 Aprile 1948|
Ömerli, Şanlıurfa, Turkey
|Residence||İmralı (prison island)|
|Thrift||Foonder an leader o militant organisation PKK, poleetical activist, ideologue, writer|
|Organisation||Kurdistan Wirkers' Pairty (PKK), Union o Commonties in Kurdistan (KCK)|
Dilek Öcalan (niece)|
Osman Öcalan (brither)
Mehmet Öcalan (brither)
Abdullah Öcalan (Turkis pronunciation: [ød͡ʒaɫan]; born 4 Aprile 1948), an aa kent as Apo (short for baith Abdullah an "uncle" in Kurdish), is ane o the foondin members o the militant organisation the Kurdistan Wirkers' Pairty (PKK) in 1978 in Turkey.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Paul J. White, Primitive rebels or revolutionary modernizers?: the Kurdish national movement in Turkey, Zed Books, 2000, "Professor Robert Olson, University of Kentucky"
- Political Violence against Americans 1999. Bureau of Diplomatic Security. December 2000. p. 123. ISBN 9781428965621.
- "Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
- Mango, Andrew (2005). Turkey and the War on Terror: 'For Forty Years We Fought Alone'. Routledge: London. p. 32. ISBN 9780203687185.
The most ruthless among them was Abdullah Öcalan, known as Apo (a diminutive for Abdullah; the word also means 'uncle' in Kurdish).
- Jongerden, Joost (2007). The Settlement Issue in Turkey and the Kurds: An Analysis of Spatical Policies, Modernity and War. Leiden, the Netherlands: Brill. p. 57. ISBN 9789004155572.
In 1975 the group settled on a name, the Kurdistan Revolutionaries (Kurdistan Devrimcileri), but others knew them as Apocu, followers of Apo, the nickname of Abdullah Öcalan (apo is also Kurdish for uncle).
- "Chapter 6—Terrorist Groups". Country Reports on Terrorism. United States Department of State. 27 April 2005. Archived frae the oreeginal on 26 May 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
- Powell, Colin (5 October 2001). "2001 Report on Foreign Terrorist Organizations". Foreign Terrorist Organizations. Washington, DC: Bureau of Public Affairs, U.S. State Department.