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The 8t o Januar is the 8t day o the year in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 357 days ti come (358 in lowp years).
: Banner o the African Naitional Congress
- 1297 - Monaco gains unthirldom.
- 1697 - Thomas Aikenhead becomes the last body in Scotland tae be executit for blasphemy.
- 1746 - Second Jacobite Uprisin: Charles Edward Stuart occupies Stirlin.
- 1790 - George Washington delivers his first State o the Union address.
- 1815 - Withoot kennin that the Peace o Ghent hae been signed, American troops defeat the Breetish at the Battle o New Orleans, endin the War o 1812.
- 1912 - The African Naitional Congress, current governin pairty o Sooth Africae, is foondit.
- 1916 - US Preses Woodrow Wilson propales his "Fourteen Points" programme for the aftermath o Warld War I.
- 1940 - The Unitit Kinrick introduces food rations.
- 1959 - Charles de Gaulle becomes Preses o Fraunce.
- 1973 - The Soviet Union launches the Luna 21 probe.
- 1989 - The Kegworth Air Disaster in Leicestershire kills 47 fowk.
- 1996 - A plane crash in Kinshasa, in then-Zaire, kills 327 fowk.
- 2010 - Togo's naitional fitbaa team is attackit in Cabinda, Angolae.
- 2011 - Six fowk are kilt in a shuitin in Tucson, Arizona. Congress member Gabrielle Giffords is severely injured.
- 2020 - Ukraine Internaitional Airlines Flicht 752 is shot doon in error shortly efter tak-aff frae Tehran, Iran, at a time o escalatin tensions in the region; 176 fowk are kilt.
- 1870 - Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spaingie politeecian (d. 1930)
- 1891 - Walther Bothe, German pheesicist (d. 1957)
- 1933 - Mariam Fakhr Eddine, Egyptian actress (d. 2014)
- 1934 - Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (d. 1987)
- 1935 - Elvis Presley, American sangster an actor (d. 1977)
- 1942 - Stephen Hawking, Inglis pheesicist (d. 2018)
- 1942 - Junichiro Koizumi, umwhile Prime meenister o Japan
- 1947 - David Bowie, Inglis sangster (d. 2016)
- 1967 - R. Kelly, American sangster, rapper an record producer
- 1983 - Kim Jong-un, leader o North Korea
- 1986 - David Silva, Spaingie fitbawer
- 1992 - Kenny McLean, Scots fitbawer
- 1107 - Edgar, Keeng o Scots (b. 1084)
- 1198 - Pape Celestine III (b. 1106)
- 1324 - Marco Polo, Italian splorer
- 1337 - Giotto, Italian penter an airchitect (b. 1266)
- 1642 - Galileo Galilei, Italian scientist (b. 1564)
- 1941 - Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell (b. 1857)
- 1976 - Zhou Enlai, Cheenese politeecian (b. 1898)
- 1996 - François Mitterrand, Preses o Fraunce (b. 1916)
- 2002 - Alexander Prokhorov, Soviet-Roushie pheesicist (b. 1916)
- 2015 - Andraé Crouch, American sangster an producer (b. 1942)
- 2017 - Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Preses o Iran (b. 1934)
- 2020 - Infanta María del Pilar, Duchess o Badajoz (b. 1936)
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