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The 4t o Januar is the 4t day o the year in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 361 days ti come (362 in lowp years).
- 1642 - Charles I, Keeng o Scots sends sodgers tae reest members o the Inglis Pairliament.
- 1644 - William Mynors sails past an names Christmas Island (Auld Style 25 December 1643).
- 1854 - The Subantairctic McDonald Islands are discovered.
- 1880 - Edward Whymper climbs Chimborazo in Ecuador.
- 1889 - The Oklahoma Land Run opens 2 million acres o unused Oklahoma laund tae first come-first serve settlers frae 22 Aprile.
- 1896 - Utah becomes the 45t state o the Unitit States.
- 1948 - Burma gets unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick.
- 1950 - Israel declares Jerusalem as its caipital ceety.
- 1951 - Cheenese an North Korean forces tak Seoul durin the Korean War.
- 1958 - Sir Edmund Hillary reaches the Sooth Pole - the first person thare syne Robert Falcon Scott.
- 1958 - Sputnik 1 faws back tae the Yird.
- 1964 - Pape Paul VI visits Israel.
- 1970 - A magnitude 7.7 yirdquauk strikes Tanghai Coonty in Cheenae, killin 15,000 fowk.
- 1990 - The Sukkur rail disaster in Pakistan kills 307 fowk.
- 1998 - A major ice storm hits Canadae an the Unitit States.
- 2004 - Spirit, a NASA Mars rover, lands successfully on Mars.
- 2004 - Mikheil Saakashvili is electit Preses o Georgie.
- 2006 - Prime meenister o Israel Ariel Sharon suffers a stroke. Ehud Olmert temporarily takes ower.
- 2007 - Nancy Pelosi becomes the first woman tae be electit Speaker o the Unitit States House o Representatives.
- 2010 - Openin o the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the tawest biggin in the warld.
- 2016 - Zinedine Zidane becomes the new manager o Real Madrid C.F..
- 2021 - A Breetish juidge blocks the Unitit States's extradition request for Julian Assange on mental heal groonds.
- 2021 - COVID-19 pandemic: Tichter lockdoon restrictions are introducit in baith Scotland an Ingland.
- 1643 - Sir Isaac Newton, Inglis scientist (d. 1727)
- 1785 - Jacob Grimm, German philologist an meethologist (d. 1863)
- 1809 - Louis Braille, French inventor o Braille (d. 1852)
- 1848 - Katsura Taro, Prime meenister o Japan (d. 1913)
- 1913 - Malietoa Tanumafili II, Samoan Heid o State (d. 2007)
- 1929 - Günter Schabowski, German politeecian (d. 2015)
- 1940 - Gao Xingjian, Cheenese-French writer
- 1940 - Brian Josephson, Welsh pheesicist
- 1941 - Maureen Reagan, dochter o Ronald Reagan an Jane Wyman (d. 2001)
- 1945 - Richard R. Schrock, American chemist
- 1960 - Michael Stipe, American sangster (R.E.M.)
- 1963 - May-Britt Moser, Norse neurologist
- 1966 - Christian Kern, umwhile Chancellor o Austrick
- 1977 - David Millar, Scots cyclist
- 1986 - James Milner, Inglis fitbawer
- 1990 - Toni Kroos, German fitbawer
- 1825 - Ferdinand I o the Twa Sicilies (b. 1751)
- 1941 - Henri Bergson, French philosopher (b. 1859)
- 1960 - Albert Camus, French writer (b. 1913)
- 1961 - Erwin Schrödinger, Austrick pheesicist (b. 1887)
- 1965 - T. S. Eliot, American-Inglis writer (b. 1888)
- 2010 - Johan Ferrier, 1st Preses o Suriname (b. 1910)
- 2011 - Mohamed Bouazizi, Tunisian fruit seller (b. 1984)
- 2011 - Gerry Rafferty, Scots muisicker (b. 1947)
- 2015 - Stuart Scott, American sportscaster (b. 1965)
- 2018 - Brendan Byrne, American politeecian, 47t Govrenor o New Jersey (b. 1924)
- 2021 - Martinus J. G. Veltman, Dutch theoretical pheesicist (b. 1931)
- Independence Day (Burma/Myanmar)
- Warld Braille Day
- Day o the Fallen Against Colonial Repression (Angolae)
- Day o the Martyrs (Democratic Republic o the Congo)
- Ogoni Day (Muivement for the Survival o the Ogoni fowk, Nigerie)
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