2011 Tōhoku yirdquauk an tsunami

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2011 Tōhoku yirdquauk an tsunami
An aerial view o tsunami damage in Tōhoku
Peak tsunami wave heicht summits,
color-coded wi reid representin maist severe
2011 Tohoku earthquake observed tsunami heights en.png
Date 11 Mairch 2011
Oreegin time 14:46:23 JST (UTC+09:00)
Duration 6 minutes[1]
Magnitude 9.0 (Mw)[2][3]
Depth 30 km (19 mi)
Epicentre 38°19′19″N 142°22′08″E / 38.322°N 142.369°E / 38.322; 142.369
Teep Megathrust yirdquauk
Tot damage Tsunami wave, floodin, landslides, fires,
biggin an infrastructure damage,
nuclear incidents includin radiation releases
Max. intensity IX - Violent
Peak acceleration 2.99 g
Tsunami Up tae 40.5 m (133 ft)
in Miyako, Iwate, Tōhoku
Laundslides Yes
Foreshocks 7
Eftershocks 9,637 (as o 2 Aprile, 2013)[4]
Casualties 15,883 daiths,
6,143 injured,
2,681 fowk missin

The 2011 yirdquauk aff the Paceefic coast o Tōhoku (東北地方太平洋沖地震 Tōhoku-chihō Taiheiyō Oki Jishin?), eften referred tae in Japan as Higashi nihon daishinsai (東日本大震災?)[5] an also kent as the 2011 Tohoku yirdquauk,[6] the Great East Japan Yirdquauk,[7][8] an the 3.11 Yirdquauk, wis a magnitude 9.03 (Mw) unnersea megathrust yirdquauk aff the coast o Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on 11 Mairch 2011,[2][3][9] wi the epicentre approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) east o the Oshika Peninsula o Tōhoku an the hypocenter at an unnerwatter depth o approximately 30 km (19 mi).[2][10] It wis the maist pouerful kent yirdquauk ever tae hae hit Japan, an the fifth maist pouerful yirdquauk in the warld syne modren record-keepin began in 1900.[9][11][12] The yirdquauk triggered pouerful tsunami waves that reached heichts o up tae 40.5 metres (133 ft) in Miyako in Tōhoku's Iwate Prefectur,[13][14] an which, in the Sendai aurie, travelled up tae 10 km (6 mi) inlaund.[15] The yirdquauk moved Honshu (the main island o Japan) 2.4 m (8 ft) east an shifted the Yird on its axis bi estimates o atween 10 cm (4 in) an 25 cm (10 in).[16][17]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "震災の揺れは6分間 キラーパルス少なく 東大地震研". Asahi Shimbun. Japan. 17 Mairch 2011. Archived frae the oreeginal on 18 Aprile 2011. Retrieved 18 Mairch 2011. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Magnitude 9.03 – Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan". United States Geological Survey (USGS). Archived frae the original on 5 Aprile 2011. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Reilly, Michael (11 Mairch 2011). "Japan's quake updated to magnitude 9.0". New Scientist (Short Sharp Science ed.). Archived frae the original on 5 Aprile 2011. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2011. 
  4. 震度1以上の余震の最大震度別地震回数表(3月11日~) on 3 April, 2013. Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 10 April, 2013.
  5. Abstract of the 191th meeting of CCEP - website of the Japanese Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction
  6. USGS Updates Magnitude of Japan’s 2011 Tohoku Earthquake to 9.03 - website of the United States Geological Survey
  7. "Press Conference by Prime Minister Naoto Kan". Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet. Archived frae the oreeginal on 18 Aprile 2011. Retrieved 1 Aprile 2011. 
  8. "Kan names quake at pep talk". The Japan Times. 2 Aprile 2011. Archived frae the original on 5 Aprile 2011. Retrieved 2 Aprile 2011. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "New USGS number puts Japan quake at 4th largest". CBS News. Associated Press. 14 Mairch 2011. Archived frae the original on 5 Aprile 2011. Retrieved 15 Mairch 2011. 
  10. "Tsunami hits north-eastern Japan after massive quake". BBC News. 11 Mairch 2011. Archived frae the oreeginal on 11 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2011. 
  11. Branigan, Tania (13 Mairch 2011). "Tsunami, earthquake, nuclear crisis – now Japan faces power cuts". The Guardian. London. Archived frae the original on 15 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 15 Mairch 2011. 
  12. "Japan quake – 7th largest in recorded history". 11 Mairch 2011. Archived frae the oreeginal on 12 Aprile 2011. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2011. 
  13. "March 11th tsunami a record 40.5 meters high [[NHK]]". .nhk.or.jp. 13 August 2011. Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 Julie 2011. Retrieved 7 September 2011.  URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  14. Yomiuri Shimbun evening edition 2-11-04-15 page 15, nearby Aneyoshi fishery port (姉吉漁港)(Google map E39 31 57.8, N 142 3 7.6) 2011-04-15, 大震災の津波、宮古で38.9 m…明治三陸上回る by okayasu Akio (岡安 章夫) Archived 18 Apryle 2011 at WebCite
  15. Roland Buerk (11 Mairch 2011). "Japan earthquake: Tsunami hits north-east". BBC. Archived frae the oreeginal on 11 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 12 Mairch 2011. 
  16. "Quake shifted Japan by over two meters". Deutsche Welle. 14 Mairch 2011. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 14 Mairch 2011. 
  17. Chai, Carmen (11 Mairch 2011). "Japan's quake shifts earth's axis by 25 centimetres". Montreal Gazette. Postmedia News. Archived frae the original on 13 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.