2006 Lebanon War

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2006 Lebanon War
Pairt o the Israeli–Lebanese conflict an the Iran–Israel proxy conflict[5]
Tyre air strike.jpg
Bombed-out biggins in Lebanon, 2006
Date12 Julie – 14 August 2006
(Israeli blockade o Lebanon endit on 8 September 2006)
LocationLebanon, Northren Israel an the Golan Hichts[7]
Result

Stalemate,[8] baith sides claim veectory[9][10]

Belligerents
 Israel

Hezbollah
Amal[2]
LCP[3]
PFLP-GC[4]

Commanders an leaders

Israel Ehud Olmert (Prime Meenister o Israel)
Israel Amir Peretz
Israel Dan Halutz
Israel Moshe Kaplinsky
Israel Udi Adam
Israel Eliezer Shkedi

Israel David Ben Ba'ashat

Hassan Nasrallah (Secretar-General ofHezbollah)
Imad Mughniyeh
Nabih Berri
Khaled Hadadi

Ahmed Jibril
Strenth
Up to 10,000 sodgers bi August 2;[11] 30,000 sodgers in the last few days.[12] Several hunder
(sooth o the Litani River)[13][14]
Casualties an losses

Israel Defence Forces:
Killt: 121 killt
Woundit: 1,244 [15]

Equipment losses:
5–20 tanks lost[16][17][18]
4 helicopters lost[19][20][21]
1 aircraft crashed [22][23]
1 warship damaged.[24][25]
Israeli ceevilians:
Killt: 44 [26] [27]
Wounded:1,384 [28]

Furrin ceevilians:
2 deid

Hezbollah Fighters:
Killt: 250 (Hezbollah claim)[29]
≤500 (Lebanese officials' est.)[30]
500 (UN offeecials' est.)[31]
600–800 (IDF claim)[32][33]
Captured: 4 fighters[34]

Amal militia: 17 deid

LCP militia: 12 deid

PFLP-GC militia: 2 deid

IRGC: ≈6–9 deid (Lebanese officials' est.)[35][36]

Lebanese Airmed Forces an Internal Siccarity Forces: 43 deid[2]

Lebanese ceevilians (combatants includit) an foreign ceevilians:
Deid:*
1,191 (Amnesty Internaitional)[37]
1,109 (includin 250 Hezbollah fechters)(Human Rights Watch)[38][39]
1,191 (Lebanese govrenment est.)[40][41][42][43][44]
Wounded:
4,409

Furrin ceevilians:

51 deid
25 woundit
Unitit Naitions:
5 deid
12 woundit[45]

*It wis widely reportit that maist o thae killt were ceevilians.[46][47][48] The Lebanese govrenment daes nae differentiate atween ceevilians an combatants in daith tow feegurs.[33]
For tot casualty feegurs, see: Casualties o the 2006 Lebanon War

**5 tanks war damaged ayont repair ('lastin vehicle kills') frae ATGMs an IEDs, 22 tanks received airmour penetrations, an 52 tanks suffered some form o damage.[16][17][18] ither soorces claim 20 main battle tanks destroyed.[49]

The 2006 Lebanon War, an aa cried the 2006 Israel–Hezbollah War an kent in Lebanon as the Julie War[2] (Arabic: حرب تموز‎, Ḥarb Tammūz) an in Israel as the Seicont Lebanon War (Ebreu: מלחמת לבנון השנייה‎‎, Milhemet Levanon HaShniya),[50] wis a 34-day militar conflict in Lebanon, Northren Israel an the Golan Hichts.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Rebuilding and Security in Focus". Wall Street Journal. 11 September 2006. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Timeline of the July War 2006". The Daily Star. AFP. 28 September 2006. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2006-09-28. 
  3. Herbert Docena (17 August 2006). "Amid the bombs, unity is forged". Asia Times. Retrieved 25 November 2011. The LCP ... has itself been very close to Hezbollah and fought alongside it in the frontlines in the south. According to Hadadeh, at least 12 LCP members and supporters died in the fighting. 
  4. "PFLP claims losses in IDF strike on Lebanon base". The Jerusalem Post. Associated Press. 6 August 2006. Archived frae the oreeginal on 3 February 2012. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Eyal Zisser (May 2011). "Iranian Involvement in Lebanon" (PDF). Military and Strategic Affairs. 3 (1). Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  6. "Annan: Israel's actions compromise efforts to stabilize the Israeli–Lebanon border". International Herald Tribune. 29 March 2009. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 September 2015. 
  7. Uzi Rubin. The Rocket Campaign against Israel during the 2006 Lebanon War. p. 12. The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies Bar-Ilan University
  8. Matthews, Matt M. We Were Caught Unprepared: The 2006 Hezbollah-Israeli War, DIANE Publishing, 2011.
  9. "Both Hezbollah and Israeli Leaders Declare Victory". Retrieved 13 October 2015. 
  10. "Israeli Gains in the Second Lebanon War". Retrieved 13 October 2015. 
  11. "Israel captures guerillas in Hezbollah hospital raid", USA Today, Beirut: reprinted from the Associated Press, 2 August 2006, retrieved 12 September 2015 
  12. "Some 30,000 Israeli troops in Lebanon – army radio". Yahoo! News. Reuters. 13 August 2006. Archived frae the oreeginal on 15 February 2008. 
  13. Nicholas Blanford (11 August 2006). "Hizbullah's resilience built on years of homework". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  14. Harel an Issacharoff, p. 172
  15. "The Final Winograd Commission report, pp. 598–610" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Retrieved 23 September 2013.  628 wounded according to Northern Command medical census of 9 November 2006 (The Final Winograd Commission Report, page 353)
  16. 16.0 16.1 Amnon Barzilai (30 August 2006). "Defense establishment favors Rafael tank protection system". Globes. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2015. The Merkava tank program administration said five of the damaged tanks cannot be returned to service, including two Merkava Mark II and one Mark III 
  17. 17.0 17.1 Rolling Thunder: A Century of tank Warfare, (Pen and Sword, 14 Nov 2013), By Philip Kaplan, page 172
  18. 18.0 18.1 Cordesman et al., p. 110.
  19. "Hezbollah Defies Israeli Pressure". BBC News. 21 July 2006. 
  20. Egozi, Arie (1 August 2006). "Israeli Air Power Falls Short As Offensive In Southern Lebanon Fails To Halt Hezbollah Rocket Attacks". Flight International. Archived frae the oreeginal on 4 December 2008. 
  21. Hizbullah shoots down helicopter in southern Lebanon Hanan Greenberg Published: 08.12.06, 23:01, ynetnews
  22. Anshel Pfeffer (11 November 2010). "IAF pilot and navigator feared dead after F-16I crashes in Negev". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  23. Lessons of the 2006 Israeli–Hezbollah War. Anthony H. Cordesman, William D. Sullivan
  24. Exclusive: Photos of navy ship hit during war revealed. YnetNews. 10.11.07
  25. "Striking Deep Into Israel, Hamas Employs an Upgraded Arsenal" by MARK MAZZETTI, The New York Times, Dec. 31, 2008.
  26. "State snubbed war victim, family says". ynetnews.com. 30 August 2007. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2 June 2008. Retrieved 13 July 2008. 
  27. BBC News Online (8 March 2007). "PM 'says Israel pre-planned war'". Retrieved 9 March 2007.
  28. "The Final Winograd Commission report, pp. 598–610" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  29. Sam Ghattas (28 December 2006). "Lebanon Sees More Than 1,000 War Deaths". Associated Press. Archived frae the oreeginal on 6 February 2012. 
  30. Con Coughlin (4 August 2006). "Teheran fund pays war compensation to Hizbollah families". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived frae the oreeginal on 30 May 2007. Retrieved 2 March 2007. 
  31. Patrick Bishop (22 August 2006). "Peacekeeping force won't disarm Hizbollah". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived frae the oreeginal on 5 March 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2007. A UN official estimated the deaths at 500 
  32. Lessons of the 2006 Israeli–Hezbollah War, by Anthony H. Cordesman, William D. Sullivan, CSIS, 2007, page 16
  33. 33.0 33.1 "Lebanon Sees More Than 1,000 War Deaths". usti.net. Associated Press. Archived frae the oreeginal on 6 February 2012. Israel initially said 800 Hezbollah fighters died but later lowered that estimate to 600. 
  34. Yossi Melman (19 May 2008). "Israel to Hezbollah: Forget Palestinian prisoners in swap for IDF soldiers". Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  35. "War Dead Flown to Iran". The New York Sun. 24 July 2006. Archived frae the oreeginal on 4 January 2011. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  36. Klein, Aaron (24 July 2006). "Report: Iranian soldiers join Hizbullah in fighting". Ynetnews. Retrieved 20 October 2017. 
  37. "Lebanon – Amnesty International Report 2007". Human Rights in LEBANESE REPUBLIC. Amnesty International. Archived frae the oreeginal on 17 February 2015. 
  38. Why They Died: Civilian Casualties in Lebanon during the 2006 War, Human Rights Watch, September 2007
  39. Moral Dilemmas of Modern War: Torture, Assassination, and Blackmail in an Age of Asymmetric Conflict. Cambridge University Press. 2010. ISBN 9780521866156. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  40. Israel/Lebanon: Out of all proportion – civilians bear the brunt of the war, Amnesty International, November 2006.
  41. "Implementation of General Assembly Resolution 60/251 of March 2006 entitled "Human Rights Council"" (PDF). United Nations Human Rights Council. 23 November 2006. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 17 June 2013. 
  42. McRae, D.M; De Mestral, A.L.C (2010-02-01). CANADIAN YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL LAW: 2008. ISBN 9780774859172. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  43. SIPRI Yearbook 2007: Armaments, Disarmament, And International Security, Oxford University Press, page 69.
  44. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law:Volume 9; Volume 2006. 2006. ISBN 9789067042697. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  45. "United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)". United Nations. 6 August 2009. Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 December 2010. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  46. "Human Rights Watch raps Israel, Hizbullah, Egypt". Jerusalem Post. 11 January 2007. Archived frae the oreeginal on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  47. BBC News, "UN hails Israel's Lebanon pullout"; retrieved 26 Januar 2007.
  48. "Israel/Lebanon Deliberate destruction or "collateral damage"? Israeli attacks on civilian infrastructure". Amnesty International. 23 August 2006. Archived frae the oreeginal on 3 January 2007. 
  49. Lessons of the 2006 Israeli–Hezbollah War – A. Cordesman & William D. Sulivan. 157p, "Israeli main battle tanks destroyed: 20 (6 to mines, 14 to anti tanks guided missiles-- all Merkava 2,3, or 4)"; retrieved 20 July 2015.
  50. See, e.g., Yaakov Katz, "Halutz officers discuss war strategy," Jerusalem Post, 5 September 2006, p. 2