Zuwarah

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Zuwarah (Arabic: زوارةZuwāra, Berber: Tamurt n Wat Willul, Scots: Toun o the At-Willul) [1] is a port ceety in northwastren Libie, wi a population o 45,000. It is situatit 68 miles (109 km) wast o Tripoli an 37 miles (60 km) frae the Tunisian border. It is the caipital o the An Nuqat al Khams shabiyah (municipality). Its population mainly belangs tae the Ibadi branch o Islam, an speaks Zuara Berber, a Zenati Berber leid.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Berber tribe o Zwara wis citit bi al-Bakri in the 11t century, thegither wi Louata, Lemaya, Nefusa, Mezata an Zouagha, as a tribe dwellin in the surroondins o the Gulf o Gabès.

The settlement wis first mentioned bi the traveller al-Tidjani in the years 1306-1309 as Zwara al-saghirah ("Little Zwarah").[2] In a Catalan sailin manual (1375) it wis cried as Punta dar Zoyara, it later served as the wastren ootpost o Italian Libie (1912–43), being the terminus o the nou-defunct Italian Libya Railway frae Tripoli 65 miles (105 km) tae the east. Its airtificial harbour shelters a motorized fishin fleet. Cereals, dates, an esparto grass (uised tae make cordage, shoes, an paper) are local products.

Cultural revolution[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun is mentioned bi Leo Africanus. It wis here in Zuwarah that Muammar al-Gaddafi first proclaimed the Libie "Cultural Revolution" in 1973.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Mitchell (2007: 29, 195).
  2. "Voyage du Scheikh Et-Tidjani dans la régence de Tunis pendant les années 706, 707 et 708 de l'hégire (1306-1309)", transl. by M. A. Rousseau, Journal Asiatique 1853, p. 121.

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 32°56′N 12°05′E / 32.933°N 12.083°E / 32.933; 12.083