Zhangzhou

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Zhangzhou
漳州
Lung-ch'i
Prefectur-level ceety
漳州市
Location o Zhangzhou Ceety jurisdiction in Fujian
Zhangzhou is located in China
Zhangzhou
Zhangzhou
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates: 24°31′N 117°39′E / 24.517°N 117.650°E / 24.517; 117.650
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Fujian
Area
 • Prefectur-level ceety 12,888 km2 (4,976 sq mi)
 • Urban 366 km2 (141 sq mi)
 • Metro 3,257 km2 (1,258 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Prefectur-level ceety 4,809,983
 • Density 370/km2 (970/sq mi)
 • Urban 596,165
 • Urban density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Metro 4,984,482
 • Metro density 1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zone Cheenae Staundart (UTC+8)
Postal code 363000
Area code(s) 596
GDP 2009[1]
 - Tot CNY 111.317 billion (USD 16.31 billion)
 - Per capita CNY 23,264 (USD 3,409)
 - Growth Increase 13.3%
License Plate 闽E
Local dialect Min Nan: Zhangzhou dialect
Ceety trees Cinnamomum camphora
Ceety flouers Narcissus tazetta
Website www.zhangzhou.gov.cn

Zhangzhou (Cheenese: 漳州; pinyin: Zhāngzhōu; Wade–Giles: Chang1-chou1; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chiang-chiu; formerly Lung-ch'i) is a prefectur-level ceety in soothren Fujian province, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. Locatit on the banks o the Jiulong River (Beixi), Zhangzhou borders the ceeties o Xiamen an Quanzhou tae the northeast, Longyan tae the northwast an the province o Guangdong (Shantou Ceety) tae the soothwest.

Zhangzhou is home tae 4,809,983 indwallers at the 2010 census whom those o Longwen an Xiacheng destricts are considered as urban. These twa destricts, thegither wi Longhai an Xiamen, fairm a metropolitan aurie that, as o 2010, is home tae aboot 5 million indwallers.

In aulder Inglis wirks, its name mey appear as Chang-chow or Changchow an in Sootheast Asian contexts it appears as Chiang-chew or Chiang Chew frae the Hokkien name.

Dialect[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Zhangzhou dialect

The main dialect spoken in Zhangzhou is Hokkien, ane o the major Min Nan leids/topolects. But offeecially, fowk uise Mandarin in govrenment, commerce an offeecial business.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the early 20th century, Zhangzhou-fu wis surroondit bi 42 miles (68 km) o waw (in circumference). [2] Its streets wur paved wi granite, but struck some Wastren visitors as dirty, as reportit in the Encyclopædia Britannica. The Jiulong River wis crossed bi an 800-fit bridge o widen planks supportit on twenty-five stane piers.[2] At this time, hivy silk tradin activity occurred in the ceety, while brick kilns an succar-manufactures wur amang its primary industrial activities.[2] In 1911, its population wis estimatit aroond 1,000,000.[2]

Zhangzhou's central urban aurie (nou Xiangcheng Destrict) wis occupied in Aprile an Mey 1932 bi a column o Communist guerrillas unner Mao Zedong. Due tae the presence o Wastren gunboats in Xiamen Bay, airms shipments frae the Soviet Union wur unable tae get up the Jiulong River tae Mao's forces an on tae the main Communist base aurie. Accordin tae some reports, Mao's forces teuk wi them a substantial amoont o loot frae bourgeois residents when his column retreatit frae the ceety.[3]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Zhangzhou haes a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), wi mild tae wairm winters an lang, very het an humid simmers. The monthly 24-oor average temperatur ranges frae 13.2 °C (55.8 °F) in Januar tae 28.8 °C (83.8 °F) in Julie, an the annual mean is 21.3 °C (70.3 °F). The frost-free period lasts 330 days.

Climate data for Zhangzhou (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
20.3
(68.5)
24.6
(76.3)
27.8
(82.0)
31.0
(87.8)
33.6
(92.5)
33.1
(91.6)
31.2
(88.2)
28.2
(82.8)
24.4
(75.9)
20.3
(68.5)
25.9
(78.6)
Average laich °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
10.7
(51.3)
13.0
(55.4)
17.1
(62.8)
20.9
(69.6)
23.8
(74.8)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
23.5
(74.3)
20.1
(68.2)
15.6
(60.1)
11.4
(52.5)
18.0
(64.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 41.0
(1.614)
84.8
(3.339)
114.0
(4.488)
168.4
(6.63)
207.2
(8.157)
278.6
(10.969)
171.9
(6.768)
232.8
(9.165)
170.0
(6.693)
63.0
(2.48)
38.2
(1.504)
34.5
(1.358)
1,604.4
(63.165)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.5 12.2 14.9 15.2 16.9 17.7 12.5 14.3 11.2 5.5 5.1 5.6 139.6
Source: Wather Cheenae

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The prefectur-level ceety o Zhangzhou admeenisters 2 destricts, 1 coonty-level ceety an 8 coonties.

  1. Xiangcheng Destrict (芗城区)
  2. Longwen Destrict (龙文区)
  3. Longhai Ceety (龙海市)
  4. Changtai Coonty (长泰县)
  5. Dongshan Coonty (东山县)
  6. Hua'an Coonty (华安县)
  7. Nanjing Coonty (南靖县)
  8. Pinghe Coonty (平和县)
  9. Yunxiao Coonty (云霄县)
  10. Zhangpu Coonty (漳浦县)
  11. Zhao'an Coonty (诏安县)

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twa passenger stations serve Zhangzhou:

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notable fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "漳州市2009年国民经济和社会发展统计公报" (in Simplified Chinese). Zhangzhou Municipal Statistic Bureau. 2010-03-12. Retrieved 2010-05-03. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Chang-Chow
  3. Zhang Rong/Jung Chang, Mao: the Unknown Story, 2005, p.117

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]