Yarab (Arabic: يعرب, an aw Ya'rob, Yarrob, or Yar'ub, or "Yaarub") is an auncient Arabic personal name. Arab an Islamic genealogies identifee Yarab as the grandson o Hud (biblical Eber) an son o Qahtan (biblical Joktan), an the ancestor o the Himyarite keengs o Yemen. A similar accoont places Yarrob as Qahtan's grandson (Yarrob bin Yashjub bin Qahtan) an haulds that he is the forefaither o al-'Arab al-'Ariba ("the arab arabs" or "pur arabs"), who are generally identifee'd wi the Qahtanites an its twa main tribes, the Himyar an the Kahlan. Some legendar accoonts relate that Yarab wis the first tae speak Arabic an that the leid wis namit for him. Shams-i Qais Razi, writin in the 12-13t century CE, tracit the oreegins o Arabic poetry tae Ya'rab an he is creditit wi haein inventit the Kufic script an aw.
Table o contents
Ancestor o keengs[edit | edit source]
Yarob (يعرب) is ane o greatest Arab kings; he wis the first tae rule the entire launds o Yemen (soothwastren Arabie). He expelled or destroyed the Adites, consolidatit the empire of Yemen, an gave tae his brithers Oman an Hadhrarmaut. His son wis the keeng Saba or Sheba, the foonder o Saba or Sheba kinrick, mentioned in the Qur'an.
Stryndant o the Prophet Ishmael, Son of Abraham[edit | edit source]
The lineage o the Islamic prophet Muhammad wis tracit bi some Arab an Islamic genealogists back tae Adam throu Ya'rab, who in these accoonts is designatit the grandson o Nabit, who wis the son o Ishmael. For example, Ibn Kathir quotin Mohammed Ibn Ishak in As-Seerah An-Nabawiyyah denotes the pairt o the lineage o Mohammad frae Adnan throu tae Aubraham as follaes:
Note that ibn means "son" an al-Khalil, the appellation appendit tae Ibrahim (Aubraham)'s name means "the Friend of God".
Though most likely related, there was more than one Ya'rab historically. This can be compared with the following lineage of the Nasrid Dynasty:
Arabs trace their ancestry through their nasab, i.e. patrilineal descent. The Nasrid dynasty claimed direct male-line descent from Sa'd ibn Ubadah, chief of the Banu Khazraj tribe and one of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Banu Khazraj were themselves part of the Qahtanite group of tribes, which originate in the southern regions of the Arabian Peninsula. The name of Nasr, from whom the dynasty derives its name, appears in bold font.
Yusuf al-Ahmar ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn (Khamees ibn) Nasr ibn Muhammad ibn Nusair ibn Ali ibn Yahya ibn Sa'd ibn Qais ibn Sa'd ibn Ubadah ibn Dulaym ibn Harithah ibn Abi Hazima ibn Tha'labah ibn Tarif ibn al-Khazraj ibn Sa'ida ibn Ka'b ibn al-Khazraj ibn Harithah ibn Tha'labah ibn Amr ibn Amir ibn Harithah ibn Imri' al-Qays ibn Tha'labah ibn Mazin ibn al-Azd ibn al-Ghawth ibn Nabt ibn Malik ibn Zayd ibn Kahlan ibn Saba' ibn Yashjub ibn Ya'rub ibn Qahtan
References[edit | edit source]
- van Donzel, 1994, p. 483.
- Crosby, 2007, pp. 74-75.
- Prentiss, 2003, p. 172.
- Sperl, 1989, p. 209.
- Sperl et al., 1996, p. 138.
- Thackston, 2001, p. 7.
- Abu Khalil, 2004, p. 54.
Bibliografie[edit | edit source]
- Abū Khalīl, Shawqī (2004). Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks. Darussalam. ISBN 9789960897714.
- Crosby, Elise W. (2007). The history, poetry, and genealogy of the Yemen: the Akhbar of Abid b. Sharya al-Jurhumi: Volume 1 of Gorgias Dissertations in Arabic and Islamic Studies. Gorgias Press LLC. ISBN 9781593333942.
- Prentiss, Craig R. (2003). Religion and the creation of race and ethnicity: an introduction. NYU Press. ISBN 9780814767016.
- Sperl, Stefan (1989). Mannerism in Arabic poetry: a structural analysis of selected texts : (3rd century AH/9th century AD-5th century AH/11th century AD) (Illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521354851.
- Sperl, Stefan; Shackle, C.; Awde, Nicholas (1996). Qasida Poetry in Islamic Asia and Africa: Classical traditions and modern meanings - Volume 20 of Studies in Arabic literature. BRILL. ISBN 9789004102958.
- Thackston, Wheeler McIntosh (2001). Album prefaces and other documents on the history of calligraphers and painters: Volume 10 of Studies in Islamic art and architecture (Illustrated ed.). BRILL. ISBN 9789004119611.
- van Donzel, E. J. (1994). Islamic desk reference (Illustrated ed.). BRILL. ISBN 9789004097384.