Wast Midlands conurbation

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Map o the Wast Midlands Urban Aurie.

The Wast Midlands conurbation is the name given tae the lairge conurbation that includes the ceeties o Birmingham an Wolverhampton an the lairge touns o Dudley, Walsall, Wast Bromwich, Solihull, Stourbridge, Halesowen in the Englis Wast Midlands.

No tae be ramfeeselt wi the region or metropolitan coonty o the same name, the conurbation does no include pairts o the coonty such as Coventry, but does include pairts o the surroondin coonties o Staffordshire (e.g. Little Aston, Perton), Warwickshire (specifically Coleshill an Water Orton) an Worcestershire (Hagley, Hollywood).

Accordin tae the 2001 Census the aurie haed a population o 2,284,093, makkin it the seicont maist populatit in the Unitit Kinrick.

Constituent Pairts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Although the exact bundaries o ony conurbation are open tae debate, dependent on wha criteria are uised tae determine whaur an urban aurie ceases, the Office for Naitional Statistics defines the Wast Midlands Urban Aurie as includin the urban auries (in decreasin size) o Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Dudley, an Walsall amangst ithers. These settlements are no coterminous wi the Metropolitan Boroughs o the same name, an the ONS takes its settlement bundaries athin the conurbation as the pre-1974 local authorities.

The conurbation is unuisual in haein a number o lairge settlements athin, wi Birmingham (2nt), Wolverhampton (13t), Dudley (19t) an Walsall (28t) aw being amangst the lairgest 30 urban sub-auries in Ingland.

The aurie o conurbation atween Birmingham an Wolverhampton is kent as the Black Kintra. The Black Kintra is unuisual in that it haes nae single centre, haein grown up frae a number o historic mercat touns an industrial veelages that coalesced durin the 20t century. It remains essentially polyfocal wi mony o the touns an veelages remainin recognisable communities. Inhabitants o the Black Kintra generally resist hints at ony relationship tae fowk livin in Birmingham. This can be seen bi recent (2006) controversy regardin the name o the newly creatit ceety region. "Greater Birmingham" wis seen as unacceptable, an the feenal name given wis "Birmingham, Coventry an the Black Kintra".

Coventry is separate frae the Wast Midlands conurbation, an ither urban auries, such as Cannock an Codsall are an aa anerlie narraely avoidit.

Relationship tae Metropolitan Coonty[eedit | eedit soorce]

Occasionally the conurbation is seen as being coterminous wi the Wast Midlands coonty; housomeivver, this includes Coventry, which is separate frae the main urban aurie, an excludes the pairts o the surroondin coonties o Staffordshire, Warwickshire an Worcestershire that faw athin the conurbation.

For admeenistrative purposes, the vast majority o the conurbation faws athin the sax Metropolitan Boroughs o Birmingham, Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall an Wolverhampton. Atween 1974 an 1986 these auries (alang wi Coventry) wur additionally admeenistered bi the Wast Midlands Coonty Cooncil. Some bodies such as the Wast Midlands Polis an Centro (the Wast Midlands Passenger Transport Executive) still cover the Metropolitan Coonty, but no the entire urban aurie.

Settlements[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Wast Midlands conurbation consists o the follaein settlements:

Rank

(2001)

Settlement Population

(2001)[1]

Population

(1991)[2]

Population

(1981)[3]

1 Birmingham 970,892 965,928 1,024,118
2 Wolverhampton 251,462 257,943 265,631
3 Dudley 194,919 192,171 187,367
4 Walsall 170,994 174,739 178,852
5 Oldbury / Smethwick 139,855 145,542 153,461
6 West Bromwich 136,940 146,386 154,531
7 Sutton Coldfield 105,452 106,001 103,097
8 Solihull 94,753 94,531 94,613
9 Stourbridge 55,480 55,624 55,499
10 Halesowen 55,273 57,918 57,532
11 Brownhills 19,866 18,159 18,200
12 Knowle / Bentley Heath 18,452
13 Aldridge 15,659 16,832 17,589
14 Pelsall 10,524 10,007 10,328
15 Shelfield 6,807 7,079 6,029
16 Coleshill 6,235 6,324
17 Yew Tree 6,109
18 Rushall 5,864 5,871 6,137
19 Hagley 5,723 5,417 5,754
20 Shelly Green 5,702
21 Water Orton 3,573 3,555
22 Cheswick Green 2,261 2,511
Knowle 17,588 16,872
Bentley Heath 5,984

Notes:

  • Knowle an Bentley Heath are considered as ane settlement in 2001, but are considered separately in 1991 an 1981. Bentley Heath wis no considered tae be a settlement athin the Wast Midlands Urban Aurie in 1981.
  • Coleshill an Water Orton wur no considered tae be pairt o the Wast Midlands Urban Aurie in 1981, but a separate Coleshill/Water Orton Urban Aurie wi a total population o 9,554; made up o Coleshill (6,113) an Water Orton (3,441).
  • Yew Tree is anerlie considered pairt o the Wast Midlands Urban Aurie in the 2001 census.
  • Cheswick Green wis no considered tae be a settlement athin the Wast Midlands Urban Aurie in 1981.
  • Shelly Green wis no considered tae be a settlement athin the Wast Midlands Urban Aurie in 1981 or 1991.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "2001 census: Key Statistics for Urban Areas". ONS. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  2. "1991 Census: West Midlands Urban Area". ONS. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  3. 1981 Key Statistics for Urban Areas: The Midlands Table 1. Office for National Statistics. 1981. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maps showin breakup o the conurbation accordin tae the ONS in the 2001 census (PDF):

Coordinates: 52°30′42″N 1°58′31″W / 52.511794°N 1.975307°W / 52.511794; -1.975307