Volkswagen Beetle

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This article is aboot the Volkswagen Beetle. For the 1997-2011 caur, see Volkswagen New Beetle. For the 2011 caur, see Volkswagen Beetle (A5).
Volkswagen Type 1
VolkswagenBeetle-001.jpg
Early 1966 Volkswagen Beetle
Manufacturer Volkswagen
An aw cried "Beetle",[1] "Super Beetle",[2] Käfer[3] "Bug", "Superbug" [4] an ither elk-names
Production 1938–2003: 21,529,464 built (of which 15,444,858 in Germany, incl. 330,251 Cabriolets,[5] and ≈ 3,350,000 in Brazil)
Assembly Wolfsburg, Hanover, Emden, Ingolstadt, Osnabrück, Germany, Melbourne, Australie, Brussels, Belgium, São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil, Jakarta, Indonesie, Dublin, Ireland, Puebla, Puebla, Mexico, Auckland, New Zealand, Lagos, Nigerie, Manila, Philippines, Uitenhage, Sooth Africae, Sarajevo, Bosnie an Herzegovinae, SFR Yugoslavie, Valencia, Venezuela[6]
Successor Volkswagen Group A platform
(Golf/Jetta/New Beetle)
Class Subcompact, economy caur
Body style 2-door saloon
2-door convertible
Layout RR layoot
Ingine 1.1 L H4; 1.2 L H4; 1.3 L H4; 1.5 L H4; 1.6 L H4
Transmission 4-speed manual transaxle, 4-spd semi-automatic, Saxomat (frae 1961), 3-spd semi-automatic, Autostick (1967–76)

The Volkswagen Beetle, offeecially the Volkswagen Type 1, or informally the Volkswagen Bug, is an economy caur manufactured an mercatit bi German automaker Volkswagen (VW) frae 1938 till 2003.[7]

The need for this kynd o caur, an its functional objectives, wur formulatit bi Adolf Hitler, leader o Nazi Germany, wishin for a cheap, simple caur tae be mass-produced for the new road netwirk o his kintra. He contractit Porsche in 1934 tae design an build it tae his exactin staundarts.[8] Ferdinand Porsche an his team teuk till 1938 tae feenalise the design.[8] This is ane o the first rear-ingined caurs. Wi ower 21 million manufactured (21,529,464) in a air-ceuled, rear-ingined, rear-wheel drive configuration, the Beetle is the langest-runnin an maist-manufactured caur o a single design platform, warldwide.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Full line". The samba (brochure). Canada. 1970. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  2. "Super Beetle Sedan and Convertible". The samba (sales brochure). US. 1971. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  3. "Super Beetle". The samba (brochure) (in German). 1973. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  4. "Australian Volkswagens", www.clubvw.org.au Retrieved on 26 February 2014
  5. Oswald, Werner (2003). Deutsche Autos 1945–1990, Band 3. Stuttgart: Motorbuch. p. 39. ISBN 3-613-02116-1. 
  6. "1973 Volkswagen Super Escarabajo (VE)". Dkarros. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Scott
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Wood
Sources
This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2008-02-29 of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Hiott, Andrea, Thinking Small: The Long Strange Trip. New York: Random House, 2012.
  • Nelson, Walter Henry, Small Wonder: The Amazing Story of the Volkswagen, Boston: Little, Brown, 1967.
  • Rieger, Bernhard, The People's Car: A Global History of the Volkswagen Beetle. Harvard University Press, 2013.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]