Vladimir

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For ither uisses, see Vladimir (disambiguation).
Vladimir (Scots)
Владимир (Roushie)
-  Ceety[citation needit]  -
Map of Russia - Vladimir Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location o Vladimir Oblast in Roushie
Vladimir is located in Vladimir Oblast
Vladimir
Vladimir
Location o Vladimir in Vladimir Oblast
Coordinates: 56°09′N 40°25′E / 56.150°N 40.417°E / 56.150; 40.417Coordinates: 56°09′N 40°25′E / 56.150°N 40.417°E / 56.150; 40.417
Coat of Arms of Vladimir (1781).png
Flag of Vladimir.png
Coat o airms
Banner
Ceety Day The first Sunday o September[citation needit]
Admeenistrative status (as o Aprile 2011)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Vladimir Oblast[1]
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae Ceety o Vladimir[1]
Admeenistrative center o Vladimir Oblast,[1] Ceety o Vladimir[1]
Municipal status (as o August 2009)
Urban okrug Vladimir Urban Okrug[2]
Admeenistrative centre o Vladimir Urban Okrug[2]
Head[citation needit] Sergey Sakharov[citation needit]
Representative body Council of People's Deputies[citation needit]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
345,373 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 51st
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 990 or 1108(see text)
Dialin code(s) +7 4922[citation needit]
Offeecial wabsteid

Vladimir (Roushie: Владимир; IPA: [vlɐˈdʲimʲɪr]) is a ceety an the admeenistrative center o Vladimir Oblast, Roushie, locatit on the Klyazma River, 200 kilometers (120 mi) tae the east o Moscow alang the M7 motorwa. Population: 345,373 (2010 Census preliminary results);[3] 315,954 (2002 Census);[5] 349,702 (1989 Census).[6]

Vladimir wis ane o the medieval caipitals o Roushie, an twa of its cathedrals are a Warld Heritage Steid. It is servit bi the Semyazino Airport, an durin the Cauld War Vladimir wis host tae Dobrynskoye air base.

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vladimir is the admeenistrative centre o the oblast.[1] Athin the framewirk o admeenistrative diveesions, it is, thegither wi seiventeen landwart localities, incorporatit as the Ceety o Vladimir—an admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[1] As a municipal diveesion, the Ceety o Vladimir is incorporatit as Vladimir Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy an militar[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lenina Avenue in Vladimir

Vladimir is hame tae several electrical an chemical factories, several fuid processin plants an twa lairge thermal pouer stations. Tourism relatit tae the historical steids is a major contributor tae the ceety economy.

The heidquairters o the 27t Gairds Rocket Airmy o the Strategic Missile Troops is locatit in the ceety. Durin the Cauld War, Vladimir wis host tae the Dobrynskoye air force base.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Syne 1861, thare haes been a railwey connection atween Vladimir an Moscow.[7] Vladimir is linkit tae Moscow an Nizhny Novgorod bi the M7 heich-gate. Local transport includes buses, trolleybuses, fixed-route minivans, an taxis.

Vladimir bus service links the ceety tae aw the destrict centres o Vladimir Oblast, as well as Moscow, Ivanovo, Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod, Ryazan, Yaroslavl an ither ceeties.

Vladimir daily throu the station passes o at least 20 pairs o lang-distance trains, year-roond direct rail links Vladimir is linkit tae Moscow (Kursk Station), St. Petersburg an Nizhny Novgorod. Syne the simmer o 2010 Vladimir associatit wi Nizhny Novgorod an Moscow direct flichts heich-speed train "Peregrine Falcon".

Developit suburban rail. Vladimir wis the anerly ceety in Roushie involvin commuter trains at ance wi twa Roushie ceeties wi subwey. If you go bi train frae Vladimir, the nearest station in Moscow - "Novokosino", Nizhny Novgorod -"Moscow." In November 2012 Vladimir train - Nizhny Novgorod wis canceled.

The ceety is servit bi the Semyazino Airport 5km wast o the ceety centre.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vladimir experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) wi lang, cauld winters an short, wairm simmers.

Climate data for Vladimir
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) −7.6
(18.3)
−5.2
(22.6)
0.7
(33.3)
10.1
(50.2)
18.5
(65.3)
22.0
(71.6)
23.6
(74.5)
21.8
(71.2)
15.4
(59.7)
7.7
(45.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
8.50
(47.30)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−8.7
(16.3)
−3
(26.6)
5.7
(42.3)
13.5
(56.3)
16.8
(62.2)
18.6
(65.5)
16.9
(62.4)
11.3
(52.3)
4.7
(40.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
−7.5
(18.5)
4.51
(40.12)
Average laich °C (°F) −13.9
(7.0)
−12.1
(10.2)
−6.7
(19.9)
1.3
(34.3)
7.6
(45.7)
11.5
(52.7)
13.6
(56.5)
12.0
(53.6)
7.1
(44.8)
1.6
(34.9)
−4.6
(23.7)
−10.4
(13.3)
0.58
(33.05)
Precipitation mm (inches) 37
(1.46)
32
(1.26)
32
(1.26)
38
(1.5)
51
(2.01)
65
(2.56)
84
(3.31)
59
(2.32)
57
(2.24)
58
(2.28)
53
(2.09)
47
(1.85)
613
(24.13)
Avg. precipitation days 10 8 8 8 8 10 10 9 10 10 11 11 113
Source: World Meteorological Organisation (UN) [8]

Sichtseein[eedit | eedit soorce]

Modren Vladimir is a pairt o the Gowden Ring o the auncient Roushie ceeties an a popular tourist destination. Its three chief monuments, White Monuments o Vladimir an Suzdal, inscribit bi UNESCO on the Warld Heritage Leet, are the follaein:

  1. The magnificent five-domit Assumption Cathedral wis designed as a sepulcher o grand princes an dedicatit tae the holy icon Theotokos o Vladimir, which haed been brocht tae the ceety bi Andrew the Pious. The cathedral wis constructit in 1158–1160, expandit in 1185–1189, an pentit bi the great Andrei Rublev an Daniil Chyorny in 1408. In 1810, a lofty bell-touer wis addit in Neoclessical style.
  2. The warrior-like cathedral o St. Demetrius wis built in 1194–1197 as a private chapel o Vsevolod the Big Nest in the courtyard o his palace an wis consecratit tae his holy patron, St. Demetrius. For aw its formal unity, the cathedral represents an internaitional project o Roushie an Byzantine maisters, Friedrich Barbarossa's masons, an carvers sent bi Queen Tamar o Georgie.
  3. The Gowden Gate, oreeginally a touer ower the ceety's main gate, wis built in 1158–1164. The gate acquired its present form efter haein been reconstructit in the late 18t century, tae prevent the dilapidatit structur frae tumblin doun.

Ither remarkable monuments o pre-Mongol Roushie airchitectur are scattered in the vicinity. For mair information on thaim, see Suzdal, Yuriev-Polsky, Bogolyubovo, an Kideksha.

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vladimir is the steid o the follaein eddication establishments:

  • Vladimir State Varsity
  • Vladimir Judicial Institute o the Meenistry o Juistice
  • Vladimir Business Institute
  • The American Home English & Russian Language School

Vladimir is hame tae the Federal Centre for Animal Halth an Welfare an aw.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety association fitbaa team, FC Torpedo Vladimir, currently plays in the Roushie Naitional Fitbaa League]], haein entered the seicond level o Roushie profeesional fitbaa efter seiventeen years o competin in Roushie Seicont Diveesion an Roushie Third League. Vladimir VC (previously kent as Skat an Dinamo Vladimir) represents the ceety in Volleybaw Major League B – Zone Europe.

Vladimir is hame tae Polaris-Vladimir ice hockey club an aw, which competes in regional hockey competitions an Roushie minor leagues, an baith male an female Luch table-tennis teams.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vladimir is twinned wi:[9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Law #130-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Law #189-OZ
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. Train Station in Vladimir (Roushie)
  8. "World Weather Information Service – Vladimir". United Nations. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  9. Sister cities of Vladimir
  10. Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Republic of the Philippines 2008

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Владимирской области. Закон №130-ОЗ от 10 декабря 2001 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Владимирской области и о порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №156-ОЗ от 12 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Владимирской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Владимирской области и о порядке его изменения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования (13 декабря 2001 г.). Опубликован: "Владимирские ведомости", №232, 13 декабря 2001 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vladimir Oblast. Law #130-OZ of December 10, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vladimir Oblast and on Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Law #156-OZ of December 12, 2012 On Amending the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vladimir Oblast and on Procedures for Its Change". Effective as of the day of the official publication (December 13, 2001).).
  • Template:RussiaAdmMunRef/vla/munlist/vladimir

Further reading[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Craft Brumfield, William (2004). A History of Russian Architecture. Seattle: University of Washington Press. ISBN 978-0-295-98394-3. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]