Vietnamese leid

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Vietnamese
Tiếng Việt
Pronunciation [tĭəŋ vìəˀt] (Northren)
[tǐəŋ jìək] (Soothren)
Spoken natively in Vietnam, Vietnamese diaspora
Ethnicity Kinh/Gin fowk
Native speakers >100 million  (2012)[1]
Leid faimlie
Writin seestem Latin (Vietnamese alphabet)
Vietnamese Braille
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in  Vietnam[2]
Leid codes
ISO 639-1 vi
ISO 639-2 vie
ISO 639-3 vie
Linguasphere 46-EBA

Vietnamese (tiếng Việt, or less commonly Việt ngữ[3]) is the naitional an offeecial leid o Vietnam. It is the mither tongue o 86% o Vietnam's population, an o aboot three million owerseas Vietnamese. It is an aa spaken as a seicont leid bi mony ethnic minorities o Vietnam. It is pairt o the Austroasiatic leid family, o which it haes the maist speakers by a significant margin (several times larger than the other Austroasiatic languages put together). As wi Korean an Japanese, muckle vocabulary haes been borraed frae Chinese, maist notably Cantonese, especially wirds that denote abstract ideas (in the same way European languages borrae frae Latin an Greek), an it wis umwhilie written uisin the Cheenese writin seestem, albeit in a modified format an wis given vernacular pronunciation. As a biproduct o French colonial rule, the leid displays some influence frae French, an the Vietnamese writin seestem in uise today is an adaptit version o the Latin alphabet, wi additional diacritics for tones an certain letters.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  2. "CIA World Factbook". CIA. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  3. Anither variant, tiếng Việt Nam, is rarely uised bi native speakers an is likely a neologism from translatin literally frae a foreign leid. It is maist aften uised bi non-native speakers an maistly foond in documents translatit frae anither leid. Vietnamese wis an aa kent as Annamese in aulder literature due tae is name unner French colonization (see Annam).

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