|Fertility an Virginity|
|Parents||Gök Tanrı an Yer Tanrı|
Umay (kent as Umai or Mai an aw; in Auld Turkic: ) is the goddess o fertility an virginity in Turkic meethologie an Tengriism an as such relatit tae weemen, mithers an childer. Umay resembles yird-mither goddesses foond in various ither warld releegions. Literally in the Mongolie leid, "eje" or "eej" means "mither," an in Auld Turkic, the similar wird eçe means 'mither'. In Mongolie "Umai" means womb or uterus. The yird wis considered a "mither" seembolically.
The Turkic ruit umāy oreeginally meant 'placenta, efterbirth', an this wird wis uised as the name for the goddess whose function wis tae leuk efter weemen an childer, possibly acause the placenta wis thocht tae hae cantrip qualities. The name appeared in the 8t-century inscription o Kül Tigin in the phrase Umay teg ögüm katun kutıŋa 'unner the auspices o ma mither who is like the goddess Umay'.
Umay is a protector o weemen an childer. The auldest evidence is seen in the Orkhon monuments. Frae these it is unnerstuid that Umay wis acceptit as a mither an a guide. An aw, Khagans were thocht tae represent Kök Tengri. Khagan wives, katuns or hatuns, wur considered Umays, an aw. Wi the help o the Umay, Katuns haed babies an these babies wur the guarantee o the empire. Accordin tae Divanü Lügat’it-Türk, whan weemen worship Umay, they hae male babies. Turkic weemen tie strings attached wi sma cradles tae will a baby frae Umay. This belief can be seen wi the Tungusic fowks in Soothren Siberie an the Altay fowk. Umay is ayes depictit thegither wi a bairn. Thare are anerlie rare exceptions tae this. It is believit that when Umay leaves a bairn for a lang time, the bairn gets ill an shamans are involvit tae caw Umay back. The smilin o a sleepin baby shows Umay is near it an cryin means that Umay has left.
As Umay is associatit wi the sun, she is cried Sarı Kız an yellae is her colour an seembol. She is depictit as haein saxty gowden tresses that leuk like the rays o the sun. She is thocht tae hae ance been identical wi Ot o the Mongols. Umay an Eje (Ece) are uised as female names in the Republic o Turkey an aw.
Notes[eedit | edit source]
- Clauson, Gerard (1972). An Etymological Dictionary of Pre-Thirteenth Century Turkish. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 164–165.
References[eedit | edit source]
- Cotterell, Arthur; Rachel Storm (1999). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Mythology. New York: Lorenz Books. pp. 466, 481. ISBN 0-7548-0091-1. "Umai is the mother goddess of the Turkic people"