Ulyanovsk

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Ulyanovsk (Scots)
Ульяновск (Roushie)
-  City[citation needit]  -
YJlb9HoBCK 1.JPG
A view o Ulyanovsk
Map of Russia - Ulyanovsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location o Ulyanovsk Oblast in Roushie
Ulyanovsk is located in Ulyanovsk Oblast
Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk
Coordinates: 54°19′N 48°22′E / 54.317°N 48.367°E / 54.317; 48.367
Coat of arms of Ulyanovsk.png
Flag of Ulyanovsk.svg
Coat o airms
Banner
City Day June 12[1]
Admeenistrative status
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Ulyanovsk Oblast[2]
Admeenistrative center o Ulyanovsk Oblast[2]
Municipal status
Urban okrug Ulyanovsk Urban Okrug[citation needit]
Head[citation needit] Alexander Pinkov[3]
Representative body Ceety Duma[4]
Statistics
Aurie 316.9 km2 (122.4 sq mi)[citation needit]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
613,793 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 2010 20t
Population (2002 Census) 635,947 inhabitants[6]
Rank in 2002 19t
Densitie 1,937 /km2 (5,020 /sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[8]
Founded 1648[9]
Previous names Simbirsk[citation needit]
Postal code(s) 432xxx[10]
Dialin code(s) +7 8422[11]
Offeecial wabsteid

Ulyanovsk (Roushie: Улья́новск‎, umwhile Simbirsk (Симби́рск), is a ceety an the admeenistrative center o Ulyanovsk Oblast, Roushie, locatit on the Volga River 893 kilometers (555 mi) east frae Moscow. Population: 613,793 (2010 Census preliminary results);[5] 635,947 (2002 Census);[6] 625,155 (1989 Census).[12]

The ceety is the birthplace o Vladimir Lenin (oreeginally namit Ulyanov), for whom it is namit.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Simbirsk wis foondit in 1648 bi the boyar Bogdan Khitrovo. The fort o "Simbirsk" (alternatively "Sinbirsk") wis strategically placit on a hill on the Wastren bank o the Volga River. The fort wis meant tae protect the eastren frontier o the Roushie Empire frae the nomadic tribes an tae establish a permanent Imperial presence in the aurie.

In 1668, Simbirsk athstuid a month-lang siege bi a 20,000-strang airmy led bi rebel Cossack commander Stenka Razin. An aw in Simbirsk anither kintra rebel, Yemelyan Pugachev, wis impreesoned afore execution. At the time Simbirsk possessed a wooden kremlin, which wis destroyed bi a fire durin the 18t century.

As the eastren border o the Roushie Empire wis rapidly pushed intae Siberie, Simbirsk rapidly lost its strategic importance, but nanetheless began tae develop intae an important regional center. Simbirsk wis designatit a ceety in 1796.

Monument tae Karamzin

In the simmer o 1864 Simbirsk wis severely damagit bi fire; housomeivver, the ceety wis quickly rebuilt an continued tae grow. The Holy Trinity Cathedral wis constructit in a restrained Neoclassical style atween 1827–1841. The population o Simbirsk reached 26,000 bi 1856 an 43,000 bi 1897.

In 1924, the ceety wis renamit Ulyanovsk in honor o Vladimir Ulyanov, better kent as Lenin, who wis born in Simbirsk in 1870. Twa ither Roushie poleetical leaders, Alexander Kerensky an Alexander Protopopov, wur an aw born in Simbirsk.

The construction o the Kuybyshev hydroelectric plant (completit in 1957) 200 km dounstream o Ulyanovsk resultit in the floodin o significant tracts o land baith north an sooth o Ulyanovsk an increasin the width o the Volga bi up to 35 km in some places. Tae this day, some populatit neighborhuids o Ulyanovsk remain well belaw the level o the reservoir, protectit frae floodin bi a dam: it is estimatit that its catastrophic failur wad submerge pairts o the ceety comprisin aroond 5% o its total population wi as hintle as 10 m o watter.

Durin the Soviet period Ulyanovsk wis an important tourist center, drawin visitors frae aroond the Soviet Union acause o its revolutionary importance.

A major series o explosions occurred at an airms depot o the Roushie military near Ulyanovsk on 13 November 2009. At least twa fowk[13] wur killed in the explosion an 43 wur rescued frae a bomb shelter whaur they haed taken refuge.

A heat-wave in the ceety in Julie–August 2010 caused the dsiths o 300 persons.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Births (2008): 6,774
  • Daiths (2008): 8,054[14]

Ethnic composition[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ulyanovsk haes a humid continental climate (meanin hot simmers an cauld winters). Average temperatur is -11 °C (11 °F) in Januar, 19 °C (66 °F) in Julie. Hairsts are generally warm, wi snaw beginnin tae accumulate bi the middle o November. Winters tend tae be cauld but wi moderate amoonts o snawfaw, nichttime laws occasionally dippin belaw -25 °C (-13 °F). Simmer wather arrives in the middle o Mey. Precipitation averages aboot 480 millimeters annually. The ceety is subject tae frequent, but moderate, droughts. Ware an simmer are sunny, but Hairst an Winter are uisually cloudy. Median annual temperatur is 5 °C (42 °F). Ulyanovsk is locatit in the Moscow time zone (UTC+3).

Climate data for Ulyanovsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
5
(41)
16.5
(61.7)
30
(86)
36.3
(97.3)
37.5
(99.5)
38.9
(102.0)
39.3
(102.7)
33.1
(91.6)
25.7
(78.3)
14.6
(58.3)
6.2
(43.2)
39.3
(102.7)
Average heich °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−7.1
(19.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
11.4
(52.5)
20.8
(69.4)
24.2
(75.6)
25.4
(77.7)
23.4
(74.1)
17.3
(63.1)
7.5
(45.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
−5.1
(22.8)
9.5
(49.1)
Average laich °C (°F) −15.4
(4.3)
−15.5
(4.1)
−9.2
(15.4)
0.9
(33.6)
7.3
(45.1)
12.2
(54.0)
13.9
(57.0)
11.7
(53.1)
7.2
(45.0)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.9
(21.4)
−11.7
(10.9)
0.5
(32.9)
Record laich °C (°F) −39.1
(−38.4)
−39.9
(−39.8)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−6.9
(19.6)
−2.8
(27.0)
4.4
(39.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
−5
(23)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−36.9
(−34.4)
−39.9
(−39.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 29
(1.14)
21
(0.83)
19
(0.75)
29
(1.14)
36
(1.42)
66
(2.6)
87
(3.43)
47
(1.85)
53
(2.09)
41
(1.61)
29
(1.14)
27
(1.06)
484
(19.06)
Source: Russian gidrometeocenter


Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The printin plant
New brig in Ulyanovsk (unner construction as o Juin 2008, 21 o 25 total spans completit)

Ulyanovsk is a significant industrial ceety. The UAZ automobile manufacturin plant, Aviastar-SP Aircraft Company an UMZ are based in the ceety alang wi a variety o licht industry an fuid-processin enterprises.

Tourism is a growin business in the ceety an the surroondin aurie.

The 31st Airborne Brigade o the Roushie Airborne Troops o the airmit forces is based in Ulyanovsk. An ammunition depot on the ootskirts o the ceety wis the scene o a lairge fatal fire on 13 November 2009.[15]

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

A railway brig athort the Volga wis built in 1912–1916 an twa automobile lanes wur addit tae it in 1953–1958, allouin for the ceety tae expand on the Eastren (left) bank o the river an transformin it intae a local transport hub.

The Volga River in Ulyanovsk

As the agin Ulyanovsk brig, the anerlie crossin o the Volga in the 400 km stretch frae Kazan tae Tolyatti, coud nae langer cope wi the growin needs o the ceety, the construction o New Ulyanovsk Brig, a truss brig began in the late 1980s. Completion wis delayed significantly due tae catastrophic economic circumstances follaein the collapse o the Soviet Union. Its offeecial openin ceremony wis on 24 November 2009 bi the Roushie Preses Dmitry Medvedev - although traffic was using the bridge a few days earlier due arms depot blasts[16]. The brig haes a total length o 5.5 km, makkin it ane o the langest in Europe.[17]

The ceety is an aw dividit bi the river Sviyaga, a tributary o the Volga but whose confluence wi it is aboot 200 km north o the ceety. Three brigs cross the Sviyaga are an aw in a poor condition but are being closed an renovatit frae 2010 onwards.

Local transport in the ceety is providit bi 17 tram lines, 7 trolleybus routes, 50 municipal bus routes an aroond 150 minibus services.

Ulyanovsk is servit bi Ulyanovsk Vostochny Airport an Ulyanovsk Baratayevka Airport (Ulyanovsk Central Airport).

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Ulyanovsk State Technical University, established in 1957 as Ulyanovsk Polytech University. The day Ulyanovsk State Technical University featurs ower 14000 students on different education programs at 10 faculties an 48 depairtments.
  • Ulyanovsk State University, established in 1988 as a branch o Moscow State University. At the present time, UlSU is ane o the lairgest heicher educational institutions in the Volga region, comprisin 6 institutes, 6 independent faculties, 2 affiliates, 5 junior colleges, 6 learnin centers. UlSU enrolls aboot 15 thoosan students annually, amang them 125 foreign citizens frae 20 kintras o the warld.
  • Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University

There is an aw a number o technical an medical colleges in Ulyanovsk.

Airchitectur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dom Goncharov1.jpg

Durin the Soviet period, Ulyanovsk lost hintle o its historical heritage. Aw traces o the oreeginal wooden fort are gane, as are aw the kirks o auld Simbirsk; anerlie a few 19t century biggins remain in the ceety, maist notably the hooses whaur Lenin lived atween 1870–1887. The reconstruction o the Cathedral o the Holy Trinity wis considered, but haes syne been canceled. Housomeivver, historical constructions hae remained mony. Amang them the hoose in which writer Goncharov wis born, Protestant kirk an ither biggins.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Volga[18] plays in the heichest diveesion o the Roushie Bandy League. The ither club Simbirsk plays in the 2nt diveesion.

FC Volga plays in "Urals-Volga" zone o the Roushie Seicont Diveesion.

Notable fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns/sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ulyanovsk is twinned wi:

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. http://ulmeria.ru/index.php?section=23[deid airtin]
  2. 2.0 2.1 Governor and Government / Ulyanovsk Oblast / Official website: History Simbirsk-Ulyanovsk region (Roushie)
  3. http://ulmeria.ru/index.php?section=3
  4. http://www.ugd.ru/base/ustav/
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. http://ulmeria.ru/index.php?section=104
  10. http://postindex.delovoigorod.ru/ulyanovsk/center/
  11. http://www.hella.ru/code/city/ulyanovsk_code.htm
  12. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  13. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8359359.stm
  14. www.regnum.ru/news/1112275.html
  15. Major fire at Russia arms depot
  16. http://en.rian.ru/trend/artillery_depot_fire/
  17. Minister of Transport Russian Federation Igor Levitin in the course of working trip to Ulyanovsk Region will estimate the possibility of SEZ creation of port type, PRIME-TASS, Saransk, June 17, 2008
  18. http://www.volgahc.ru/

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]