Truong Tan Sang

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Trương Tấn Sang
Truong Tan Sang.jpg
Sang in November 2011.
Preses o Vietnam
Incumbent
Assumed office
25 Julie 2011
Prime Meenister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
Vice President Nguyễn Thị Doan
Precedit bi Nguyễn Minh Triết
Chairman o the Cooncil for Naitional Defense an Security
Incumbent
Assumed office
25 Julie 2011
Deputy Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
Precedit bi Nguyễn Minh Triết
Executive Secretary o the Secretariat
In office
Mey 2006 – 3 August 2011
General Secretar Nông Đức Mạnh
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
Precedit bi Phan Diễn
Succeeded by Lê Hồng Anh
Member o the Secretariat
Incumbent
Assumed office
25 Aprile 2006
Member o the Politburo
Incumbent
Assumed office
1 Julie 1996
Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh Ceety Pairty Committee
In office
Juin 1996 – Januar 2000
Precedit bi Võ Trần Chí
Succeeded by Nguyễn Minh Triết
Chairman o the Ho Chi Minh Ceety Fowk's Committee
In office
Mairch 1992 – Julie 1996
Precedit bi Nguyễn Vĩnh Nghiệp
Succeeded by Võ Viết Thanh
Personal details
Born 21 Januar 1949 (1949-01-21) (age 65)
Đức Hòa, French Indocheenae
(nou Vietnam)
Poleetical pairty Communist Pairty
Residence Presidential Palace, Hanoi

Trương Tấn Sang (born 21 January 1949) is the president o Vietnam an ane o the kintra's tap leaders, alangside prime meenister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng an communist pairty leader Nguyễn Phú Trọng.[1] He acame state preses followin a vote o the Naitional Assembly in Julie 2011. The affice is a ceremonial poseetion, but Sang is an aa ranked seicont efter Nguyễn Phú Trọng on the pairty's Secretariat, a body which directs policy makin. Sang haes been a member o the Politburo, the executive committee o the Communist Pairty, syne 1996. He wis pairty secretary for Ho Chi Minh Ceety frae 1996 tae 2000. He wis promotit tae the naitional pairty’s nummer twa slot in October 2009.[2] Thare are reports o rivalry atween Sang an Prime Meenister Dũng, an each is backed bi a faction within the pairty.

Childhuid[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sang wis born 20 Januar 1949, in Mỹ Hạnh, Đức Hòa, Long An.[3]

Early career[eedit | eedit soorce]

He jyned the Communist Pairty on 20 December 1969.[4] He wis jailed bi the Sooth Vietnamese govrenment in 1971 an held in prison at Phú Quốc. He wis released unner the Paris Peace Treaty in 1973. He haulds a bachelor o law degree.[3]

Frae 1983–86, he heidit Ho Chi Minh Ceety (HCMC)'s Forestry Depairtment, as well as the ceety's New Economic Zone Development Depairtment. In 1986, he wis promotit tae the Staundin Board o the ceety's Pairty Committee.[4] He acame a member o the naitional pairty's Central Committee in 1991.[5] In 1992, he acame chairman for HCMC, the number twa poseetion in the ceety govrenment.[3] He jyned the Politburo in 1996 as its 14t rankin member.[6] He wis pairty secretary for HCMC, the tap poseetion in the ceety govrenment, frae 1996 tae 2000.[3][7] He wis promotit tae 10t poseetion in the naitional pairty at a congress in Aprile 2001. He wis an aa appyntit heid o the pairty’s economic commission at this time.

In 2003, he wis reprimandit for failin tae act in the Năm Cam corruption scandal when he heidit the ceety govrenment.[8] Sang wis promotit tae fift position in the pairty at a congress in Aprile 2006.[9] At this congress, he wis an aa appyntit executive secretar o the pairty's Secretariat, a poseetion which supervises the membership an the internal structure o the pairty.[4]

Towards leadership[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sang wis promotit tae the pairty’s nummer twa slot atween congresses in October 2009.[2] His authority suin eclipsed that o General Secretary Nông Đức Mạnh, the anly person nominally above Sang in the pairty hierarchy, accordin tae a leaked diplomatic cable bi U.S. Ambassador Michael Michalak.[10]

Sang "assumed mony o Manh's normal responsibilities," Michalak wrote. At diplomatic meetings, Sang could "comment authoritatively, in detail an wioot notes," whauras Mạnh "appeared disengaged" while he reid a 30-minute prepared statement "verbatim an in a monotone."[10] A BBC story described rivalry atween Sang an Prime Meenister Dũng an described their relationship as "stairmy."[11] Michalak described baith Sang an Dũng as “pragmatic” an “mercat-orientit.”[10] Baith are soothreners, but tradeetionally the pairty's tap slot haes gone tae a northrener.[10] Nguyễn Phú Trọng, a northrener, wis appyntit general secretary at 11t Naitional Congress held in Hanoi in Januar 2011.[12] The congress selectit a leet o Politburo members, an Sang is ranked first on this leet. Followin the congress, Trong wis named the tap rankin member o the pairty's Secretariat, Vietnam's maist pouerful decision-makin body, while Sang is ranked seicont.[13]

Presidency[eedit | eedit soorce]

The National Assembly electit Sang as state preses on 25 Julie 2011 wi 97.4 percent o the vote.[4] The term o affice is five years. Sang tauld the Assembly that he would defend Vietnam’s unthirldom an territorial integrity, an would resolve the Spratly Islands dispute wi Cheenae peacefully.[14] As the new preses, he will wirk tae set a foondation that will allow Vietnam tae be acome an industrialized an modrenized kintra bi 2020, Sang tauld the Assembly.[14]

Unner pairty regulations, the preses is unner the authority o Secretariat, so the poseetion is ceremonial.[15] Sang's authority derives frae his poseetion as the senior member o the Politburo an as the seicont rankin member o the Secretariat.[13]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. (Vietnamese) Nghĩa Nhân, "Bộ Chính trị kiểm điểm thế nào?", Báo Pháp luật, 16 August 2012. The other "key leaders" are given as General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng, and National Assembly Chairman Nguyen Sinh Hung.
  2. 2.0 2.1 (Vietnamese) "Ban Chấp hành trung ương, Bộ Chính trị, Ban Bí thư", Báo điện tử Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam (Communist Party of Vietnam Online Newspaper).
    (Vietnamese) "Danh sách Bộ Chính trị Khoá X", Nhan Dan, 7 January 2011. This gives the Poliburo ranking immediately before the 2011 congress, with Sang second and Dũng fifth.
    "Vietnam profile", BBC, 15 January 2011. This describes Sang as No. 2 prior to the 2011 congress.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Thông tấn xã Việt Nam, "Tiểu sử tóm tắt của đồng chí Trương Tấn Sang" Tiền Phong Online, 19 January 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Biography of State President Truong Tan Sang, VietnamPlus, 25 July 2011.
  5. (Vietnamese) "Danh sách Bộ Chính trị, Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng khóa VII (1991-1996)" Nhan Dan, 7 January 2011. Sang is No. 104.
  6. (Vietnamese) "Danh sách Bộ Chính trị, Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng khóa VIII (1996-2001)", Nhan Dan, 7 January 2011.
  7. Nghia M. Vo Saigon: A History 2011, p. 242: "In May 1995, the president of the People's Committee of Saigon-HCMC, Trương Tấn Sang, noted that corruption by city officials amounted to one million dollars.."
  8. Arthurs, Clare, "Vietnam's showcase trial", BBC News, 25 February 2003
  9. "Danh sách Ban lễ tang đồng chí Võ Văn Kiệt", Báo An ninh Thủ đô, 14 June 2008
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Michalak, Michael, US embassy cables: Vietnam picks its new leaders, The Guardian, 12 January 2011.
  11. Ông Trương Tấn Sang làm chủ tịch nước", BBC, 25 July 2011.
  12. "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party General Secretary", Nhan Dan, 19 January 2011.
    "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party Chief", VietnamPlus, 19 January 2011.
    "Party Congress announces CPVCC Politburo members", VGP News, 19 January 2011.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "11th CPVCC Secretariat members named", Vietnam News Agency, 9 February 2011.
    (Vietnamese) "Ban Chấp hành trung ương, Bộ Chính trị, Ban Bí thư, Báo điện tử Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam, 25 January 2011.
  14. 14.0 14.1 (Vietnamese) Trương Tấn Sang, "Bài phát biểu nhận nhiệm vụ của tân Chủ tịch nước" (This is the full text of Sang's speech to the Assembly, as reported by VNA.)
  15. (Vietnamese) "Văn kiện đảng" (Party Documents), Báo điện tử Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam (Newspaper of the Communist Party of Vietnam), 11 January 2011. Ban Bí thư giới thiệu các chức danh thuộc diện Ban Bí thư quản lý để Chủ tịch nước, Thủ tướng Chính phủ bổ nhiệm; Quốc hội, Mặt trận Tổ quốc và các đoàn thể chính trị - xã hội bầu. (The Secretariat nominates and directs the president, prime minister, National Assembly, and Fatherland Front, as well as the political elections).
    The Wall Street Journal describes the presidency as "ceremonial" here.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]