Tracy Austin

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Tracy Austin
Austin 2009 US Open 02.jpg
Kintra  Unitit States
Residence Rolling Hills, Californie
Born 12 December 1962 (1962-12-12) (age 51)
Palos Verdes, Californie, U.S.
Hicht 5 ft 5 in (1.65 m)
Turned pro 23 October 1978
Retired Julie 1994
Plays Right-handed
(two-handed backhand)
Prize money US$2,092,380
Int. Tennis HOF 1992 (member page)
Singles
Career record 335–90 (78.82%)
Career titles 30
Heichest rankin No. 1 (1980)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open QF (1981)
French Open QF (1982, 1983)
Wimbledon SF (1979, 1980)
US Open W (1979, 1981)
Doubles
Career record 13–16
Career titles 4
Last updatit on: N/A.

Tracy Ann Austin Holt (born 12 December 1962, in Palos Verdes, Californie) is an umwhile Warld No. 1 profeesional tennis player frae the Unitit States who wan the women's singles title at the US Open in 1979 an 1981 an the mixed doubles title at Wimbledon in 1980. Syne 1979, she haes held the record as youngest iver US Open female singles champion an is the youngest inductee o aw time in the International Tennis Hall of Fame.

Career[eedit | eedit soorce]

1979 tae 1980[eedit | eedit soorce]

Austin defeatit 35-year-auld Billie Jean King in the quairterfinals o Wimbledon in 1979 6–4, 6–7, 6–2 afore luisin tae Martina Navratilova in straicht sets in the semifeenals. Austin then became the youngest ever US Open champion, agit 16 years an 9 months. In the feenal, she faced Chris Evert who wis biddin tae win the title for the fift consecutive year: Austin won the match 6–4, 6–3. Earlier that year, Austin haed endit Evert's 125-match winnin streak on clay bi beatin her in three sets in a semifeenal o the Italian Open.

Austin lost in the semifeenals o baith Grand Slam tournaments she played in 1980. Evonne Goolagong Cawley, seedit fowert an the eventual champion, defeatit Austin 6–3, 0–6, 6–4 at Wimbledon. As the top seed an defendin champion at the US Open, Austin wis expectit tae extend her five-match winnin streak against third-rankit Evert. Austin racit tae a 4–0 lead in the first set afore Evert wan 16 o the feenal 20 gemmes tae tak the match 4–6, 6–1, 6–1. Evert went on tae beat Hana Mandlíková in the feenal, thus securin for hersel the year-endin Warld No. 1 rankin. Austin wis rankit the Warld No. 1 singles player at times durin 1980/81, pairtly acause she captured the twa sponsors' tour-endin events, defeatin Navrátilová tae win the Avon Championships in Mairch an Andrea Jaeger tae captur the Colgate Series Championships in Januar 1981.[1] In 1980, Austin wan the Wimbledon mixed doubles title wi her brither John, becomin the first brither an sister team iver tae win a Grand Slam title thegither.

1981 tae 1987[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin the first fower months o 1981, Austin played anerlie twa events acause o chronic injuries. On grass, she wan the tournament in Eastbourne, Unitit Kinrick athoot luisin a set afore Pam Shriver beat her in a Wimbledon quairterfinal 7–5, 6–4. Austin then wan 26 consecutive matches an fower consecutive tournaments. She defeatit Shriver in the final of the tournament in San Diego an, three weeks later, she beat baith Navrátilová an Evert in straicht sets tae win the Canadian Open in Toronto. As the third-seedit player at the US Open, Austin defeatit fowert-seedit Navrátilová in the feenal 1–6, 7–6(4), 7–6(1). Navrátilová, housomeivver, endit Austin's winnin streak in the feenal o the U.S. Indoor Championships. In Europe durin the hairst, Austin lost tae Sue Barker in the quairterfeenals o the tournament in Brighton, Unitit Kinrick but recovered the follaein week to defeat Navrátilová in the final of the tournament in Stuttgart, Wast Germany. At the feenal Grand Slam tournament o the year, Austin wis seedit seicont but lost tae saxt-seedit Shriver in the Australian Open quairterfeenals 7–5, 7–6. The 1981 year-endin Toyota Series Championships featured twa matches against Evert an ane against Navrátilová. Evert wan her roond robin match wi Austin 4–6, 6–4, 7–6, afore Austin demolished Evert in a baseline slugfest in their semifeenal 6–1, 6–2. Austin then wan the tournament wi a three-set defeat o Navrátilová.

Austin wis the first opponent o Steffi Graf when the German made her professional debut at the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart in 1982. Austin defeatit the 13-year-auld Graf 6–4, 6–0.

Back injuries an recurrin sciatica then began tae impair Austin's effectiveness an sidelined her for lang stretches. King, seedit twalt, upset third-seedit Austin in the 1982 Wimbledon quairterfeenals 3–6, 6–4, 6–2. Several weeks later, housomeivver, Austin wan her 30t an feenal top-level singles title in San Diego. Austin's last guid showin at a major event wis at the 1982 saison-endin Toyota Series Championships whare she defeatit Jaeger, the Warld No. 3, in straight sets tae reach the semifeenals. Housomeivver, she wis unable tae repeat the previous year's victory ower Evert, who defeatit Austin 6–0, 6–0 in less than 50 minutes. Bi 1983, afore her 21st birthday, Austin wis virtually finished as a top ten player.

1988 tae 1994[eedit | eedit soorce]

Austin began her first comeback on the tour in 1988, when she played in seiven doubles tournaments, an in 1989, when she played in ane doubles an twa singles tournaments. This comeback wis endit bi a near-fatal motor vehicle accident on 3 August 1989. She attempted a seicont comeback in 1993 an 1994 but wis no pairticularly successful, an she retired frae profeesional tennis in Julie 1994. In 1994, at the Evert Cup in Indian Wells, Californie Austin, in the middle o her comeback, played Graf, who wis Warld No. 1 at the time. This pruivit tae be a lopsidit encoonter, wi Graf beatin Austin 6–0, 6–0.

In 1992, Austin became the youngest person to be inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame, at the age o 29.

Family life an wirk as a tennis commentator[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tracy's aulder sister, Pam, an her aulder bruther, Jeff, wur profeesional tennis players an aw, as were brithers Doug an John. She is the sister-in-law o fitness author Denise Austin. She is marriet tae Scott Holt an is the mither o three sons, Sean, Brandon, an Dylan.

As a child, Tracy livit next door tae Air Force Colonel Keith Lindell who wis responsible for the trainin o the oreeginal seiven Project Mercury astronauts.

Syne retirin as a player, Austin haes wirkit as a commentator for NBC an the USA Network for the French Open an the US Open. She wirkit for the Seven Network, who broadcast the Australian Open an uisually pairticipates in the BBC's Wimbledon coverage. She began wirkin for Tennis Channel in 2010 an joined their US Open team. Austin haes wirkit for Canadian televeesion for their coverage o the Rogers Cup syne 2004.

Major feenals[eedit | eedit soorce]

Grand Slam feenals[eedit | eedit soorce]

Singles: 2 (2 titles, 0 runner-ups)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ootcome Year Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Winner 1979 US Open Hard Flag of the United States.svg Chris Evert 6–4, 6–3
Winner 1981 US Open Hard Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 1–6, 7–6(4), 7–6(1)

Mixed doubles: 2 (1 title, 1 runner-up)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ootcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Winner 1980 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United States.svg John Austin Flag of Australia.svg Dianne Fromholtz
Flag of Australia.svg Mark Edmondson
4–6, 7–6(6), 6–3
Runner-up 1981 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United States.svg John Austin Flag of the Netherlands.svg Betty Stöve
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg Frew McMillan
4–6, 7–6(2), 6–3

Year-End Championships feenals[eedit | eedit soorce]

Singles: 2 (1 title, 1 runner-up)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ootcome Year Location Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1979 New York Ceety Carpet (i) Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 6–3, 3–6, 6–2
Winner 1980 New York Ceety Carpet (i) Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 6–2, 2–6, 6–2

Toyota Championships feenals[eedit | eedit soorce]

Singles: 1 (1 title)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ootcome Year Location Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Winner 1981 East Rutherford Carpet (i) Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 2–6, 6–4, 6–2

Titles (35)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Singles (30)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Legend
Grand Slams (2)
WTA Championships (1)
Titles by Surface
Hard (12)
Clay (3)
Grass (2)
Carpet (13)
No. Date Location Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
1. 3 Januar 1977 Portland, USA Hard (i) Flag of the United States.svg Stacy Margolin 6–7, 6–3, 4–1 ret.
2. 23 October 1978 Filderstadt, Wast Germany Carpet (i) Flag of the Netherlands.svg Betty Stöve 6–3, 6–3
3. 2 November 1978 Tokyo, Japan (Gunze World Tennis) Hard (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–1, 6–1
4. 1 Januar 1979 Washington, D.C., USA Carpet (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–3, 6–2
5. 9 Aprile 1979 Hilton Head Island, USA Clay Flag of Australia.svg Kerry Reid 7–6, 7–6
6. 7 Mey 1979 Roum, Italy Clay Flag of Germany.svg Sylvia Hanika 6–4, 1–6, 6–3
7. 30 Julie 1979 San Diego, USA Hard Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navrátilová 6–4, 6–2
8. 27 August 1979 US Open, New York Ceety Hard Flag of the United States.svg Chris Evert 6–4, 6–3
9. 5 November 1979 Filderstadt, Wast Germany Carpet (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–2, 6–0
10. 10 December 1979 Tokyo, Japan (Emeron Cup) Carpet (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–2, 6–1
11. 7 Januar 1980 Cincinnati, USA Carpet (i) Flag of the United States.svg Chris Evert 6–2, 6–1
12. 28 Januar 1980 Seattle, USA Carpet (i) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Virginia Wade 6–2, 7–6
13. 10 Mairch 1980 Boston, USA Hard (i) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Virginia Wade 6–2, 6–1
14. 17 Mairch 1980 Avon Championships, New York Ceety Carpet (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navrátilová 6–2, 2–6, 6–2
15. 29 Mairch 1980 Carlsbad, USA Hard (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 7–5, 6–2
16. 7 Aprile 1980 Hilton Head Island, USA Clay Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Regina Maršíková 3–6, 6–1, 6–0
17. 16 Juin 1980 Eastbourne, UK Grass Flag of Australia.svg Wendy Turnbull 7–6, 6–2
18. 27 Julie 1980 San Diego, USA Hard Flag of Australia.svg Wendy Turnbull 6–1, 6–3
19. 29 September 1980 Minneapolis, USA Carpet (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–1, 2–6, 6–2
20. 3 November 1980 Filderstadt, Wast Germany Carpet (i) Flag of the United States.svg Sherry Acker 6–2, 7–5
21. 15 December 1980 Tucson, USA Carpet (i) Flag of the United States.svg Peanut Louie Harper 6–2, 6–0
22. 5 Januar 1981 Washington, D.C., USA Carpet (i) Flag of the United States.svg Andrea Jaeger 6–2, 6–2
23. 15 Juin 1981 Eastbourne, UK Grass Flag of the United States.svg Andrea Jaeger 6–3, 6–4
24. 27 Julie 1981 San Diego, USA Hard Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver 6–2, 5–7, 6–2
25. 17 August 1981 Toronto, Canadae Hard Flag of the United States.svg Chris Evert 6–1, 6–4
26. 31 August 1981 US Open, New York Ceety Hard Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 1–6, 7–6(4), 7–6(1)
27. 21 September 1981 Atlanta, USA Hard Flag of the United States.svg Mary Lou Piatek 4–6, 6–3, 6–3
28. 26 October 1981 Filderstadt, Wast Germany Carpet (i) Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
29. 14 December 1981 East Rutherford, USA Carpet (i) Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 2–6, 6–4, 6–2
30. 26 Julie 1982 San Diego, USA Hard Flag of the United States.svg Kathy Rinaldi 7–6, 6–3

Doubles (5)[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 1978: Phoenix (wi Betty Stöve)
  • 1978: Filderstadt (wi Betty Stöve)
  • 1979: Hollywood (wi Betty Stöve)
  • 1979: Mahwah (wi Betty Stöve)
  • 1980: San Diego (wi Ann Kiyomura)

Runner-ups (17)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Singles (15)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Legend
Grand Slams (0)
WTA Championships (1)
Runner-ups by Surface
Hard (6)
Clay (2)
Grass (0)
Carpet (7)
No. Date Location Surface Opponent in the feenal Score in the feenal
1. 6 Mairch 1978 Dallas, USA Carpet (i) Flag of Australia.svg Evonne Goolagong Cawley 4–6, 6–0, 6–2
2. 2 October 1978 Phoenix, USA Hard (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–4, 6–2
3. 29 Januar 1979 Chicago, USA Carpet (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navrátilová 6–3, 6–4
4. 29 Mairch 1979 Avon Championships, New York Ceety Carpet (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilov 6–3, 3–6, 6–2
5. 15 Mey 1979 Tokyo, Japan (Gunze World Tennis) Hard (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–1, 6–1
6. 20 August 1979 Mahwah, USA Hard Flag of the United States.svg Chris Evert 6–7(2), 6–4, 6–1
7. 2 Januar 1980 Washington, DC, USA Carpet (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–2, 6–1
8. 4 Februar 1980 Los Angeles, USA Hard (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–2, 6–0
9. 28 Aprile 1980 Orlando, USA Clay Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–2, 6–4
10. 10 November 1980 Tampa, USA Hard Flag of the United States.svg Andrea Jaeger walkover
11. 17 November 1980 Tokyo, Japan (Lion's Cup) Carpet (i) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martina Navratilova 6–4, 6–3
12. 28 September 1981 Minneapolis, USA Carpet (i) Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 6–0, 6–2
13. 18 October 1982 Filderstadt, Germany Hard (i) Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 6–3, 6–3
14. 6 December 1982 Richmond, USA Carpet (i) Flag of Australia.svg Wendy Turnbull 6–7(3), 6–2, 6–4
15. 4 Aprile 1983 Hilton Head Island, USA Clay Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 5–7, 6–1, 6–0

Doubles (2)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tournament 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984–1993 1994 Career SR
Australian Open A / A A A A QF A A A 2R 0 / 2
French Open A A A A A QF QF A 1R 0 / 3
Wimbledon 3R 4R SF SF QF QF A A A 0 / 6
US Open QF QF W SF W QF A A A 2 / 6
SR 0 / 2 0 / 2 1 / 2 0 / 2 1 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 2 2 / 17
Career Statistics
Year end Rankin 12 6 3 2 2 4 9

A = did no pairticipate in the tournament.

SR = the ratio o the number o Grand Slam singles tournaments wan tae the number o those tournaments played.

Note: The Australian Open wis held twice in 1977, in Januar an December.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Colgate Series Championships". Retrieved June 25, 2009. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sportin poseetions
Precedit bi
Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
Warld No. 1
7 Aprile 1980 – 20 Aprile 1980
1 Julie 1980 – 17 November 1980
Succeedit bi
Martina Navratilova
Chris Evert

Template:Tennis World Number Ones (women)

Template:WTA Tour singles champions