Tour de France
|2013 Tour de France|
|Region||Fraunce an nearbi kintras|
|Local name(s)||Le Tour de France (French)|
|Nickname(s)||La Grande Boucle|
|Type||Stage race (Grand Tour)|
|Organiser||Amaury Sport Organisation|
|Race director||Christian Prudhomme|
|First winner||Maurice Garin (FRA)|
|Maist recent||Chris Froome (GBR)|
The Tour de France (French pronunciation: [tuʁ də fʁɑ̃s]) is an annual multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in Fraunce, while an aa occasionally makin passes through nearbi kintras. The race wis first organized in 1903 tae increase paper sales for the magazine L'Auto; it is currently run bi the Amaury Sport Organisation. The race haes been held annually syne its first edeetion in 1903 except for when it wis stopped for the twa Warld Wars. As the Tour gained prominence an popularity the race wis lengthened an its reach began tae extend aroond the globe. Parteecipation expandit frae a primarily French field, as riders frae aw ower the warld began tae participate in the race each year. The Tour is a UCI Warld Tour event, which means that the teams that compete in the race are maistly UCI ProTeams, wi the exception o the teams that the organizers invite.
Alang wi the Giro d'Italia an Vuelta a España, the Tour maks up cyclin's prestigious, three-week-lang Grand Tours. Tradeetionally, the race is held primarily in the month o Julie. While the route chynges each year, the format o the race stays the same wi the appearance o at least twa time trials, the passage through the muntain chains o the Pyrenees an the Alps, an the finish on the Champs-Élysées. The modren edeetions o the Tour de Fraunce consist o 21 day-lang segments (stages) ower a 23-day period an cover aroond 3,200 kilometres (2,000 mi). The race alternates atween clockwise an anticlockwise circuits o Fraunce. The nummer o teams uisually varies atween 20 an 22, wi nine riders in each.
Aw o the stages are timed tae the finish; efter finishin the riders' times are compoondit wi thair previous stage times. The rider wi the lawest aggregate time is the leader o the race an gets tae don the covetit yellae jersey. While the general classification garners the maist attention thare are ither contests held within the Tour: the pynts classification for the sprinters, the muntains classification for the climbers wi general classification hopes, young rider classification for the riders unner the age o 26, an the team classification for the fastest teams.
- Formerly Lance Armstrong wi 7 wins till he wis stripped o his awairds an banned for life frae aw UCI events follaein an offeecial investigation intae dopin allegations against him .
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