Thessaloniki (regional unit)

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Thessaloniki
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Θεσσαλονίκης
Regional unit
Municipalities o Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki athin Greece
Coordinates: 40°40′N 23°10′E / 40.667°N 23.167°E / 40.667; 23.167
Kintra Greece
Region Central Macedonie
Caipital Thessaloniki
Government
 • Vice Govrenor Apostolos Tzitzikostas
Area
 • Total 3,683 km2 (1,422 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,110,312
 • Density 300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Postal codes 54x xx - 57x xx
Aurie codes 231, 2391-2397
ISO 3166 code GR-54
Caur plates NH
Website [1]

Thessaloniki (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Θεσσαλονίκης) is ane o the regional units o Greece. It is pairt o the Region o Central Macedonie an its caipital is the ceety o Thessaloniki.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The regional unit stretches frae the Thermaic Guwf tae the Strymonic Gulf. The Thermaic Guwf lees tae the soothwast while the Strymonic Guwf is in the east. Twa bouks o watter are locatit tae the north, Lake Koronia in the hert o the regional unit an Loch Volvi tae the east. Thare are fermlands throuoot the wastren an the soothwastren pairt, a few in the northeast, the north an alang the Axios River. The muntains include the Chortiatis tae the wastcentral pairt, the Vertiskos to the north an pairts o the Kerdylio muntains tae the northeast. The regional unit borders on the Imathia regional unit tae the soothwast, Pella tae the wast, Kilkis tae the north, Serres tae the east an Chalkidiki tae the sooth.

Its climate includes hot Mediterranean simmers an ceul to mild winters in law leein auries an its plains. Winter wather is vera common in auries 500 m abuin sea level an intae the muntains.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie o the Thessaloniki regional unit joined the rest o Greece in 1912, durin the First Balkan War. The aurie wis struck bi an yirdquauk in the 1970s, an bi floodin due tae rainfaw in October 2006.

Admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Thessaloniki regional unit is subdividit intae 14 municipalities. These are (nummer as in the map in the infobox):[1]

Prefectur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Thessaloniki Prefectur (Greek: Νομός Θεσσαλονίκης) wis creatit when the aurie joined wi the rest o Greece durin the First Balkan War in 1913. Its aurie wis then the lairgest in the kintra coverin aboot 7% o aw o Greece. The prefecturs o Pella an Kilkis wur split aff in 1930 an 1937 respectively, an efter Warld War II in 1947, Imathia an Pieria.

As a pairt o the 2011 Kallikratis govrenment reform, the prefectur wis transformit intae a regional unit athin the Central Macedonie region, athoot ony chynge in boondaries. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganisit, accordin tae the table belaw.[1]

New municipality Auld municipalities Seat
Ampelokipoi-Menemeni Ampelokipoi Ampelokipoi
Menemeni
Chalkidona Chalkidona Koufalia
Agios Athanasios
Koufalia
Delta Axios Sindos
Echedoros
Chalastra
Kalamaria Kalamaria Kalamaria
Kordelio-Evosmos Eleftherio-Kordelio Evosmos
Evosmos
Lagkadas Lagkadas Lagkadas
Assiros
Vertiskos
Kallindoia
Koroneia
Lachanas
Sochos
Neapoli-Sykies Neapoli Sykies
Agios Pavlos
Pefka
Sykies
Oraiokastro Oraiokastro Oraiokastro
Kallithea
Mygdonia
Pavlos Melas Efkarpia Stavroupoli
Polichni
Stavroupoli
Pylaia-Chortiatis Panorama Panorama
Pylaia
Chortiatis
Thermaikos Thermaikos Peraia
Epanomi
Michaniona
Thermi Thermi Thermi
Vasilika
Mikra
Thessaloniki Thessaloniki Thessaloniki
Triandria
Volvi Rentina Stavros
Agios Georgios
Apollonia
Arethousa
Egnatia
Madytos

Provinces[eedit | eedit soorce]

Note: Provinces nae langer hauld ony legal status in Greece.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Roads an heich-gates[eedit | eedit soorce]

The regional unit o Thessaloniki is connectit wi the follaein roads an heich-gates.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The GR-1 an GR-2 uised tae be the main road links connectin the regional unit o Thessaloniki wi ither pairts o the kintra, up till the A1/E75 motorwey (constructit durin the 1970s) an the A2/E90 motorwey (constructit durin the 90's) wur delivered tae the public. Furthermair pairts o the GR-67 (in the near futur tae form pairt o the A25) linkin Chalkidiki an the GR-65 linkin Kilkis, wur convertit intae motorweys durin the 2000s.

Mass transit[eedit | eedit soorce]

Communications[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o the stations are in the ceety (see Thessaloniki#Communications). Here are leet o stations ootside the ceety:

Major Sport Clubs[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Kallikratis-Central Macedonie Template:Prefecturs o Greece