Template:Lang/doc

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Edit-paste.svg This is a documentation subpage, where instructions, categories, or other information are stored for technical reasons. To view the Template page itself, see Template:Lang.


Usage[eedit | eedit soorce]

The purpose of this template is to indicate that a given span of text belongs to a particular language (see language code).

{{lang|Language tag|Text}}

Use ISO 639 language codes. Example (where fr is the code for French):

* She said: "{{lang|fr|''Je suis Française.''}}"

Results in your browser:

  • She said: "Je suis Française."

Also, there are also versions of this template for each specific language that also print the language's name, intended to be used the first time that language is used in the article. For example, "{{lang-es|Español}}" and "{{lang-ru|русский язык}}" gives "Spainyie: Español" and "Roushie: русский язык‎".

Language subtags can also be used to indicate writing script or regional variation of a language. According to the W3C, "The golden rule when creating language tags is to keep the tag as short as possible",[1] so such subtags should only be added if there is an important reason to use them. ISO 639-1 is preferred over ISO 639-2 and ISO 639-3.

Indicating writing script[eedit | eedit soorce]

If necessary, add the ISO 15924 code to indicate the script.

For example, Roushie is usually written in the Cyrillic alphabet, therefore the 'Cyrl' script code is superfluous and the language code will be ru instead of ru-Cyrl. However, when that text is transliterated the Latn code (latin script) should be used because it is not the default script for Roushie: ru-Latn. Example:

* Moscow ([[Roushie leid|Roushie]]: {{lang|ru|Москва́}}, {{lang|ru-Latn|''Moskva''}})

which is the same as

* Moscow ({{lang-ru|Москва́}}, {{lang|ru-Latn|''Moskva''}})

Results in your browser:

  • Moscow (Roushie: Москва́‎, Moskva)

{{lang|ru-Latn|''Moskva''}} is equivalent to {{transl|ru|''Moskva''}}. To specify you are using the ISO 9 transliteration of Cyrillic, use {{transl|ru|ISO|''Moskva''}}:

IANA maintains a list specifying when the script tag should be suppressed [2]. In some cases the script must be always specified, like Tajik which can be equally written in Arabic, Latin or Cyrillic alphabets:

* Tajik ({{rtl-lang|tg-Arab|تاجیکی}}, {{lang|tg-Latn|''tojikī''}}, {{lang|tg-Cyrl|тоҷикӣ}})

Which results in your browser:

  • Tajik (تاجیکی‎, tojikī, тоҷикӣ)

Note the use of {{rtl-lang}} instead of {{lang}} when using the Arabic script (see below section writing direction).

Indicating regional variant[eedit | eedit soorce]

In some cases, maybe it will be needed to add ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country codes (specific usage of that country). Of course the three codes can appear in the same tag, for example the code zh-Hant-TW will be used for Cheenese text written with Traditional Han characters, containing words or expressions specific to Taiwan. Examples:

* {{lang|zh-Hant-TW|臺灣}}

Results in your browser:

  • 臺灣

Writing direction[eedit | eedit soorce]

{{rtl-lang}} is a specific template for right-to-left languages like Arabic or Ebreu.

for right-to-left paragraphs (as opposed to rtl strings embedded in an English paragraph), use {{rtl-para}}.

Rationale[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Web browsers can use the information to choose an appropriate font.
    • This is great for CJK where a character can be given its language-specific shape but will fall back to another form if no appropriate font is found or if the preferred font lacks that character, for example because the language does not make use of that character: see this comparison table and screenshot.
  • For accessibility purposes: screen readers need language info to provide correctly audio output.
  • For spell checkers and grammar checkers.
  • To help browsers choosing appropriate quotation marks, and making decisions about hyphenation, ligatures, and spacing.
  • Users can apply styles to languages in their style sheets (useful for editors).
  • Google and other search engines can use this information when indexing text.
  • Could be useful for application developers who re-publish Wikipedia.
  • Could be useful for research or compiling statistics about language use in Wikipedia.

Applying styles[eedit | eedit soorce]

You can apply CSS styles in your user style sheet. Registered users can put styles into User:XXX/monobook.css, where XXX is the user name.

These examples will not work in Internet Explorer, because it doesn't support attribute selectors. Try Firefox.

Example: to apply a font to Roushie-language text:

 span[lang|=ru] { font-family: fonteskaya; }

Example: to apply a colour to text marked with any language:

 span[lang] { color: green; }

Note: don't use quotation marks in your user style sheet. Wikitext will screw them up. They are recommended in CSS, but not required.

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]