Tayibe

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Tayibe
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu טייבה
 • An aw spelt Tayiba (unoffeecial)
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic الطـّيـّبة
Tayibe is located in Israel
Tayibe
Tayibe
Coordinates: 32°16′0″N 35°00′37″E / 32.26667°N 35.01028°E / 32.26667; 35.01028Coordinates: 32°16′0″N 35°00′37″E / 32.26667°N 35.01028°E / 32.26667; 35.01028
Destrict Center
Government
 • Type Ceety
Area
 • Total 18,662 dunams (18.662 km2 or 7.205 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 38,575
Name meaning The Guid

Tayibe (Arabic: طيّبةṬayyibaḧ, Ebreu: טַיִּבָּה‎‎; an aa spelled Taibeh or Tayiba) is an Israeli Arab ceety in central Israel, 12 kilometres east o Kfar Saba.[1] In 2007, it haed a population o 36,800 residents, makin it the lairgest Israeli Arab ceety in the Center Destrict.[2] Tayibe is part of the Triangle.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Al-Tayba mey be the Tayyibat al-Ism which wis on the leet o lands allocatit bi sultan Baibars tae his amirs in 663 AH (1265-1266 C.E.), aboot thirty years efter the Arab conquest o Palestine. In Mamluk times, the veelage name appeared on documents referrin tae the waqf o the mosque in Hebron.[3]

Durin Ottoman rule, the daftar o 1596 show the veelage tae be unner the admeenistration o the nahiya o Shafa. Wi a population o 50 hoosehaulds ("khana"), the inhabitants paid taxes on wheat, barley, fruit, "simmer crops", olives, beehives, an goats.[4] In the aichteent century, the veelage wis bolstered bi an influx o immigrants frae Egyp an the Arabian Peninsula. In the "Survey of Western Palestine" in the latter pairt o the nineteent century, Tayibe wis describit as: "a lairge straggelin veelage on the end o a slope, principally built o stane. It is supplee'd bi cisterns an surroondit wi olives".[5]

Durin the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Israeli forces captured the toun lands, but no the toun itsel. Tayibe wis transferred tae Israel as pairt o the 1949 cease-fire agreement wi Jordan.[1] Accordin tae David Gilmour, the inhabitants wur furious that Abdullah I o Jordan haed simply handit them ower tae Israel but wur relieved that they wur tae be reunitit wi their land. Housomeivver, the Law o Acquisition o Absentee Property, which wis passed in 1950 but made retroactive, wis specially devised tae take care o cases like this. Although they haed no muivit frae their veelage, the inhabitants wur declared "absentees" (or Internally Displaced Palestinians) an their land "abandoned property". Accordin tae the veelagers, they lost 8,000 o their 11,000 acres (45 km²).[6]

Tayibe achieved local cooncil status in 1952. In 1990, it wis declared a ceety.[1]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

At the 1931 census, Tayibe wis recordit as haein 658 occupee'd hooses, an 2944 residents (aw Muslim).[7]

Accordin tae CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup o the ceety wis 100.0% Arab (99.7% Muslim), wi nae significant Jewish population. Accordin tae CBS, in 2001 there wur 15,100 males an 14,500 females. 47.5% o the population wis 19 years o age or younger, 17.4% atween 20 an 29, 20.3% atween 30 an 44, 9.6% frae 45 tae 59, 2.0% frae 60 tae 64, an 3.3% 65 years o age or aulder. The population growth rate in 2001 wis 3.2%.

Income[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae CBS, there wur 4,859 salaried wirkers an 559 sel-employed bodies in Tayibe in 2000. The mean monthly wage for a salaried wirker wis NIS 3,270, a real chynge o -0.5% ower the course o 2000. Salaried males haed a mean monthly wage o NIS 3,796 (a real chynge o 0.9%) versus NIS 2,318 for females (a real chynge o -6.7%). The mean income for the self-employed wis 3,826. There wur 379 fowk receivin unemployment benefits an 3,151 fowk receivin an income guarantee. On a scale o 1 tae 10 the ceety is ratit 3 on a socioeconomic level.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae CBS, there are 13 schuils an 6,970 students in the Tayibe: 9 elementary schuils wi 3,984 students, an 4 heich schuils wi 2,986 students. 49.7% o 12t grade students wur entitled tae a matriculation certificate in 2001.

Landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

An auncient oak tree in Tayibe wis declared the lairgest in Israel. The oak haes a trunk circumference o 690 centimetres. Accordin tae local legend, there is an angel that watches ower the tree an avenges ony damage tae it. It is said tae be 1,400 years auld, although this haes no been scientifically pruiven.[8]

Notable residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 About Tayibe
  2. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  3. Petersen, 2002, p. 296
  4. Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 157. Quoted in Petersen, 2002, p. 296
  5. Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p.166. Cited in Petersen, 2002, p.296
  6. Walter Schwarz: The Arabs in Israel, Faber & Faber, London 1959, p. 40, and Israel and Palestine, No. 51 (August 1976), p.1. Quoted in Gilmour, 1983, p. 106
  7. Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem, 1932, p58. The count may have included two nearby bedouin tribes.
  8. Lightning strike brings new fame to giant old oak tree, Haaretz.
  9. A jump start for Palestinian architecture - Haaretz - Israel News

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]