Tauragė

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Tauragė
Ceety

Flag

Coat of arms
Tauragė is located in Lithuania
Tauragė
Tauragė
Location o Tauragė
Coordinates: 55°15′N 22°17′E / 55.250°N 22.283°E / 55.250; 22.283
Kintra Banner o Lithuanie Lithuanie
Ethnographic region Samogitie
Coonty Tauragė Coonty
Municipality Tauragė Destrict Municipality
Eldership Tauragė toun eldership
Caipital o Tauragė Coonty
Tauragė Destrict Municipality
Tauragė toun eldership
Tauragė landwart eldership
First mentioned 16t century
Population (2011)
 • Total 26,444
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.taurage.lt/

Tauragė (Aboot this soond pronunciation ; see ither names) is a industrial ceety in Lithuanie, an the caipital o Tauragė Coonty. In 2011, its population wis 26,444. Tauragė is situatit on the Jūra River, close tae the border wi the Kaliningrad Oblast, an no far frae the Easter Seas coast.

Tauragė receivit its ceety chairter in 1932, an its coat o airms (a siller huntin horn in a red field) in 1997. Notable biggins in the ceety include the neo-Gothic Radziwiłł palace - "the castle" (currently hoosin a schuil an regional museum Santaka) an several kirks: the Lutheran (built in 1843), the Orthodox (1853) an the Catholic kirks (1904). A ceramics manufacturin plant operates in the ceety.

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Lithuanie, Tauragė is a conjunction o twa wirds: Tauras which means aurochs, an ragas which means horn, hence its coat o airms. The city is known as Tauroggen in German, as Taurogi in Polish, טאווריק/Tovrik in Yiddish, an Тауроген, Тауроги/Taurogen, Taurogi in Roushie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane o the major residences o the Radziwiłł faimily syne 1655, the ceety haes been a centre o Lutheranism in Lithuanie. Frae 1691 till 1795, Tauragė belangit tae Brandenburg-Proushie, efter the marriage o Margrave Ludwig o Brandenburg wi Princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł. Efterwairds, the ceety became pairt o the Roushie Empire.

Tsar Alexander I o Roushie, signed a armistice wi Napoleon I in Tauragė on 21 Juin 1807, that wis suin tae be follaeed wi the Treaties o Tilsit. On 30 Dizember 1812, the Proushie General Yorck, signed the Convention o Tauroggen, declarin his troops neutral, that effectively endit the fragile Franco-Proushie alliance durin the French invasion o Roushie. In 1836, hintle o the ceety wis destroyed bi a fire. Honoré de Balzac stayed in Tauragė in 1843.[1]

In 1915, a significant pairt o the ceety's infrastructur wis destroyed bi German troops during Warld War I. On 9 September 1927, thare wis a rebellion against the rule o Preses Antanas Smetona, but the revolt wis quickly suppressed. Efter the Soviet annexation o Lithuanie in 1940, the "Tauragė Castle" wis a place o impreesonment for Lithuaniee poleetical dissidents an Pols POWs. Mony local inhabitants, includin the parents an relatives o Roman Abramovich, wur exiled tae Siberie durin the Soviet occupation in 1940. This savit the faimily frae the Holocaust. When Operation Barbarossa commencit on 22 Juin 1941, the Soviets retreatit, an Tauragė wis captured bi the German Wehrmacht on the same day. Aboot 4,000 Jews wur murthered in Tauragė an nearbi veelages. In the Hairst o 1944, the German occupation endit wi the Soviets replacin thaim wi a renewed occupation lastin till 1990.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tauragė Castle

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tauragė is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Mažrimas, Edmundas (2008-06-26). "Prancūzų rašytojas Onorė de Balzakas ir Tauragė". Tauragės kurjeris. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  2. "Portal Bełchatów" [Bełchatów - Partnership Cities]. Miasto Bełchatów [Bełchatów town council] belchatow.pl (in Polish). 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2011. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Taurage Coonty