Taiping Rebellion

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Taiping Rebellion
Naval battle between Taiping-Qing on Yangtze.jpg
Taiping cannonade against the Qing war-junks besieging the Heavenly Kinrick caipital
Date December 1850 – August 1864
Location Soothren Cheenae
Result
  • Qing Dynasty victory
  • Faw o the Taiping Heivenly Kinrick
  • Weakenin o the Qing Dynasty
Belligerents
Taiping Heivenly Kinrick
Commanders an leaders
Strength
1,100,000+[1] 500,000[2]
Casualties an losses
Tot dead: At least 20 million, includin ceevilians an soldiers (best estimate).[3]

The Taiping Rebellion wis a massive ceevil war in soothren Cheenae frae 1850 tae 1864, against the rulin Manchu-led Qing Dynasty. It wis a millenarian movement led bi Hong Xiuquan, who annoonced that he haed received veesions in which he learned that he wis the younger brither o Jesus. At least 20 million fowk died, mainly ceevilians, in ane o the deidliest militar conflicts in history.[4]

Hong established the Taiping Heivenly Kinrick wi its caipital at Nanjing. The Kinrick's airmy controlled lairge pairts o soothren Cheenae, at its hicht rulin aboot 30 million fowk. The rebel agenda included social reforms such as shared "property in common," equality for weemen, an the replacement o Confucianism, Buddhism an Cheenese folk releegion wi thair furm o Christianity. Acause o thair refusal tae wear the queue, Taiping truips wur nicknamed "Langhairs" (simplified Cheenese: ; tradeetional Cheenese: ; pinyin: Chángmáo) bi the Qing govrenment, which besieged the Taiping airmies throughoot the rebellion. The Qing govrenment eventually crushed the rebellion wi the aid o French an Breetish forces.

In the 20t century, Sun Yat-sen, foonder o the Cheenese Naitionalist Pairty, leuked on the rebellion as an inspiration, an Cheenese leader Mao Zedong glorified the Taiping rebels as early heroic revolutionaries against a corrupt feudal seestem.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Heath, pp. 11–16
  2. Heath, p. 4
  3. Stephen R. Platt. Autumn in the Heavenly Kingdom: China, the West, and the Epic Story of the Taiping Civil War. (New York: Knopf, 2012). ISBN 9780307271730), p. xxiii.
  4. Taiping Rebellion, Britannica Concise
  5. Collected Writings of Chairman Mao — Politics and Tactics p.125 (2009)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]