Ta'izz

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Ta'izz
Ta'izz is located in Yemen
Ta'izz
Ta'izz
Location in Yemen
Coordinates: 13°34′44″N 44°01′19″E / 13.57889°N 44.02194°E / 13.57889; 44.02194
Kintra  Yemen
Govrenorate Ta'izz
Population (2003)
 • Total 460,000
Time zone Yemen Staundart Time (UTC+3)
Aerial view o the ceety
Cairo Castle's garden

Ta'izz (Arabic: تعز Taʿizz‎), or Taiz, is a ceety in the Yemeni Heichlands, near the famous Mocha port on the Reid Sea, lyin at an elevation o aboot 1,400 metres abuin sea level. It is the caipital o Ta'izz Govrenorate. Wi a population o ower 600,000 in 2005, it is the third lairgest ceety in Yemen efter the caipital Sana'a an the soothren port o Aden.

Ta'izz haes a dramatic settin whaur the roads run up an doun the muntain sides. Abuin the ceety rises the 3,006 metres heich Sabir Muntain. The ceety is famous for the auncient Jewish Sharab.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Owerview[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name o the ceety appeared first at the 6t century o Hijra, 12t CE, when CEO Mahdi, the brither o Salah ad-Din, arrived in Yemen in the year 1173 CE. Ta'izz wis refortified bi Salah ad-Din’s brither, Taktakeen, the Ayyubid.

The seicont Rasulid Keeng, Almaddhafar (1288 CE), established Ta'izz as the seicont caipital o the Rasulid Dynasty efter Zabid.

Ibn Battutah visitit Taiz in the fowerteent century an describit it as ane o the lairgest an maist bonnie ceeties o Yemen.

Ta'izz remained a wawwed ceety till 1948 when Imam Ahmed made it the seicont caipital o Yemen, allouing for expansion ayont its fortifeed waw.

Durin the 2011 Yemeni uprisin fechtin in Ta'izz resultit in anti-govrenment forces seizin control o the ceety.

Chronology[eedit | eedit soorce]

1175: Ta'izz is made caipital o Yemen as it wis incorporatit intae dominions o the Ayyubid dynasty bi Turan-Shah.

1500 (approximately): The caipital is muivit tae Sana'a bi the ruler o the Taharid dynasty.

1516: Ta'izz comes unner Ottoman control.

1918: The Ottomans lose Ta'izz tae the new independent Yemen.

1948: Ta'izz acomes the admeenistrative caipital o Yemen, as it is made the residence o the imam.

1962: State admeenistrations muive back tae Sana'a.

1960s: The first purifeed water seestem o Yemen is opened in Ta'izz

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The wather in Taizz is fair and beautiful maist o the time. The average daily temperature heich durin August is 30°C. Annual rainfaw o Ta'izz mey reach 760 mm tae ower 1,000 on Jabal Sabir per year.

Climate data for Ta'izz
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
28.4
(83.1)
29.9
(85.8)
31.3
(88.3)
32.9
(91.2)
33.3
(91.9)
32.5
(90.5)
32.0
(89.6)
31.3
(88.3)
31.1
(88.0)
29.6
(85.3)
28.1
(82.6)
30.7
(87.3)
Average laich °C (°F) 14.1
(57.4)
15.3
(59.5)
17.3
(63.1)
18.8
(65.8)
19.5
(67.1)
19.9
(67.8)
20.2
(68.4)
19.1
(66.4)
17.8
(64.0)
16.9
(62.4)
15.7
(60.3)
14.9
(58.8)
17.5
(63.5)
Rainfall mm (inches) 9
(0.35)
12
(0.47)
37
(1.46)
68
(2.68)
89
(3.5)
73
(2.87)
60
(2.36)
89
(3.5)
110
(4.33)
91
(3.58)
17
(0.67)
5
(0.2)
660
(25.98)
Source no. 1: Hydrological Sciences[1]
Source no. 2: Journal of Environmental Protection[2]

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes mony auld an bonnie quairters, wi hooses that are typically built wi broun bricks, an mosques are uisually white. Maist famous amang the mosques are the Ashrafiya, the Muctabiya an the Mudhaffar. An aw memorable are the auld citadel an the govrenor's palace that rests on top o a muntain spur 450 metres abuin the ceety centre. It an aw haes ane o the maist famous muntains in Yemen, the Saber muntain (amaist 3000m abuin sea level), which affords panoramic views ower the ceety. The ceety haes a Muslim madrasa that has university status.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Syne Ta'izz receives a lot o rain, its economy is mainly based on agricultur. The economic base o Ta'izz is coffee,[3] grown in the surroondin landscape thegither wi the mild narcotic qat an ither vegetables. Amang the ceety's awn industries are cotton-weavin, tannin an production o jewellery. Ta'izz cheese is an aw renouned throughoot Yemen.

Ta'izz the day is the lairgest industrial base in Yemen.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ta'izz haes mony road connections wi the rest o the kintra. The ceety is servit bi Ta'izz Internaitional Airport.

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes 3 fitbaa clubs pairticipatin tae the Yemeni League: The maist important is Al-Saqr, winner o 2 championships, the ither are Al-Ahli an Al Rasheed.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Rainfall and Runoff in Yemen". Hydrological Sciences. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  2. Al-Buhairi, Mahyoub H.; “Analysis of Monthly, Seasonal and Annual Air Temperature Variability and Trends in Taiz City - Republic of Yemen”; in Journal of Environmental Protection, 2010 (1) ; pp. 401-409
  3. Prothero, G.W. (1920). Arabia. London: H.M. Stationary Office. p. 83. 


Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Ta'izz at Wikimedie Commons