Syamzhensky Destrict

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Syamzhensky Destrict
Сямженский район (Roushie)
Location of Syamzhensky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location o Syamzhensky Destrict in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 60°01′N 41°03′E / 60.017°N 41.050°E / 60.017; 41.050Coordinates: 60°01′N 41°03′E / 60.017°N 41.050°E / 60.017; 41.050
Gerb-Siamzhensky-region.gif
Flag of Syamzhensky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat o airms o Syamzhensky Destrict Banner o Syamzhensky Destrict
Admeenistrative status (as o March 2010)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Admeenistrative center seloSyamzha[2]
# o selsoviets 10[2]
# o Landwart localities 165[2]
Municipal status (as o April 2010)
Municipally incorporatit as Syamzhensky Municipal Destrict[3]
- # o urban dounsets 0[3]
- # o landwart dounsets 8[3]
Statistics
Aurie 3,900 km2 (1,500 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
8,745 inhabitants[5]
- Urban population 0%
- Landwart population 100%
Density 2 /km2 (5.2 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established 25 Januar 1935[4]
Offeecial wabsteid

Syamzhensky Destrict (Roushie: Ся́мженский райо́н‎) is a administrative[1] an municipal[3] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-sax in Vologda Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the centre o the oblast an borders wi Vozhegodsky Destrict in the north, Verkhovazhsky Destrict in the northeast, Totemsky Destrict in the east, Sokolsky Destrict in the sooth, an wi Kharovsky Destrict in the wast. The aurie o the destrict is 3,900 square kilometers (1,500 sq mi).[4] Its admeenistrative centre is the landwart locality (a selo) o Syamzha.[2] Destrict's population: 8,745 (2010 Census preliminary results);[5] 10,384 (2002 Census);[8] 12,204 (1989 Census).[9] The population o Syamzha accoonts for 45.2% o the destrict's total population.[5]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Amaist the entire aurie o the destrict belangs tae the basin o the Kubena River. The Kubena crosses the northwastren pairt o the destrict, enterin frae the north an exitin tae the wast. A major tributar o the Kubena athin the destrict is the Syamzhena. The soothren pairt o the destrict belangs tae the basin o the Syamzhena; in pairticular, the admeenistrative centre o the destrict, the selo o Syamzha, is locatit on the banks o the Syamzhena. The biggest lake o the destrict, Lake Shichengskoye, drains intae the Syamzhena an aw. The central an northren pairts o the destrict belang tae the basins o ither tributars o the Kubena, such as the Verdenga an the Yakhrenga. The northeastren pairt o the destrict drains intae the Vaga River, a major tributar o the Northren Dvina, an the Vaga crosses the destrict in the northerly direction. Feenally, some minor auries in the sooth an sootheast o the destrict belang tae the basins o the Sukhona's tributars, such as the Tsaryova an the Dvinitsa. The whole aurie o the destrict thus belangs tae the basins o the Northren Dvina an the White Sea.

Considerable auries athin the destrict are covered bi coniferous forests. Thare are swamps, pairticularly in the sooth, east, an northeast o the destrict. The biggest swamp in the destrict, the Shichengskoye Swamp, is locatit aroond Lake Shichengskoye.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The general aurie wis oreeginally populatit bi the Finno-Ugric fowks an then colonisit bi the Novgorod Republic. In the upper course o the Syamzhena River, the remains o the 12t-century dounset—Chudin Val—hae been preservit.[4] Efter the faw o Novgorod, the aurie became a pairt o the Grand Duchy o Moscow. In the course o the administrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Archangelgorod Govrenorate. In 1780, the govrenorate wis abolisht an transformit intae Vologda Viceryalty. The latter wis abolisht in 1796, an the pairt o it which includit the current aurie o the destrict became Vologda Govrenorate. The territory o the modren destrict wis shared atween Kadnikovsky an Totemsky Uyezds.

In 1929, several govrenorates, includin Vologda Govrenorate, wur mergit intae Northren Krai. On 15 Julie 1929, the uyezds wur abolisht, an Syamzhensky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in the veelage o Yarygino wis establisht an became a pairt o Vologda Okrug o Northren Krai. In 1930, the okrug wis abolisht, an the destrict wis subordinatit tae the central admeenistration o Northren Krai. On 5 August 1931, Syamzhensky Destrict wis abolisht, an its aurie wis dividit atween Kharovsky an Totemsky Destricts.[4] On 25 Januar 1935, the destrict wis re-establisht.[10] The destrict's admeenistrative centre wis establisht in the veelage o Dyakovskaya. In 1936, the krai wis transformit intae Northren Oblast. In 1937, Northren Oblast wis split intae Arkhangelsk Oblast an Vologda Oblast. Syamzhensky Destrict remained in Vologda Oblast iver syne. In 1953, the admeenistrative centre o the destrict wis muivit tae the selo o Syamzha. Durin the abortive admeenistrative reforms o 1962-1965, the destrict wis appendit tae Kharovsky Destrict.

Admeenistrative an municipal diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Admeenistratively, the destrict is dividit intae ten selsoviets.[2] Municipally, the destrict is incorporatit as Syamzhensky Municipal Destrict an is dividit intae aicht landwart dounsets.[3] The municipal destrict includes aw o the inhabitit localities o the admeenistrative destrict, as well as three landwart localities (the dounsets o 47 km, Druzhba, an Sogorki) frae Kharovsky Destrict.[2][3]

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economie o the destrict is dominatit bi timber industrie, which produces 82% o aw guids in the destrict.[11]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2010, sax lairge- an mid-scale ferms operatit in the destrict. The main specializations wur cattle breedin an crops growin. The ferms producit milk an meat, an crops wur mainly uised tae feed the cattle.[11]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane o the principal heich-gates in Roushie, M8, which connects Moscow an Arkhangelsk, crosses the destrict frae sooth tae north, passin Syamzha. Thare are local roads an aw, wi the bus traffic oreeginatin frae Syamzha.

Nane o the rivers are navigable athin the limits o the destrict.

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict contains saxty-three objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage o local significance.[12] Maist o these are firthen ferms an kirks built prior tae 1917.

In 2006, the Syamzhensky Destrict Museum wis opened in Syamzha. It displays airchaeological, ethnografic, an local interest collections.[13]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Law #371-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Resolution #178
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Law #1122-OZ
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Перевозчикова, Ю.Б. (2006). Г. В. Судаков, ed. Вологодская энциклопедия (in Russian). Вологда: ВГПУ, Русь. p. 465. ISBN 5-87822-305-8. Retrieved October 14, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Экономика района" (in Russian). Администрация Сямженского муниципального района. Retrieved October 14, 2011. 
  12. "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved October 15, 2011. 
  13. "Культура" (in Russian). Администрация Сямженского муниципального района. Retrieved October 15, 2011. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1122-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Сямженского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1122-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Syamzhensky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).