Surxondaryo Province

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Surxondaryo Province (Uzbek: Surxondaryo viloyati, Сурхондарё вилояти, Persian: سرخان‌دریا, UniPers: "sorxāndaryā"), auld spellin Surkhandarya Province is a viloyat (province) o Uzbekistan, locatit in the extreme sooth-east o the kintra. It wis stablished on 6 Mairch 1941. It covers an area of 20,100 km². The population is estimatit at 1,925,100 (end o 2005 data), wi 80% livin in rural auries.[1] Accordin tae offeecial data, 83% o the population are Uzbeks an 1% Tajiks.[2] The heichest point o Province an anaw o Uzbekistan is Khazrati Sulton peak reachin 4,643 m/15,233 ft in Gissar Range.[3]

The provincial caipital is Termez wi a population o 122,900 an the seicont lairgest ceety is Denov (Denau) wi 69,500 inhabitants (data for 2005).[1] Ither major touns include Boysun, Jarqo‘rg‘on, Qumqo‘rg‘on, Shargun, Sherobod, Sho‘rchi, an Sariosiyo.

The climate is typical continental wi mild wet winters an hot dry simmers. The soothren pairt o the province is in the Badkhiz-Karabil semi-desert ecoregion (PA0808), characterizit bi a savanna o pistachio an desert sedge. The northren portion is characterized bi open woodlands (Gissaro-Alai open woodlands ecoregion, PA1306), wi characteristic plants being pistachio, almond, walnut, aiple, an juniper. Sagebrush is common at lawer elevations [4][the cited link does not lead to this information: need a direct link]

Natural resources include petroleum, natural gas, an coal. Licht industry, mainly cotton ginnin an fuid processin, is anaw an important pairt o the provincial economy, pairticularly in the production o consumer goods. Agricultur is based primarily on cotton an cereals, supplementit wi horticultur an viticultur. Surxondaryo is the kintra's lairgest supplier o lang-fibre cotton. Livestock accoonts for 40% o regional agricultural product.[1] The climatic conditions o this region an aw mak it possible tae cultivate subtropical crops such as sugarcane.

The province haes a well-developit transport infrastructur, wi 300 km o railways an 2,700 km o surfacit roads.[1] Central Asie's anerlie river port is locatit at Termez on the Amudarya River.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bitter debates accompaniet the Soviet allocation o Surkhandarya Province tae the Uzbek SSR rather than the Tajik SSR in 1929, as that province, as well as the auries o Bukhara an Samarkand, haed sizeable, if no dominant, Tajik populations.

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The provinces is dividit intae 14 destricts (tumans):[5][6]

Destrict name Destrict caipital
1 Angor Angor
2 Bandikhon Bandikhon
3 Boysun Boysun
4 Denov (Denau) Denov (Denau)
5 Jarkurghon (Jarqo‘rg‘on) Jarkurghon
6 Kizirik (Qiziriq) Sariq
7 Kumkurghon (Qumqo‘rg‘on) Kumkurghon
8 Muzrabot Khalkobod (Khalkabad)
9 Oltinsoy Qarluq
10 Sariosiyo Sariosiyo
11 Termiz Termiz (Termez)
12 Uzun Uzun
13 Sherobod Sherobod
14 Shurchi (Sho‘rchi) Shurchi

Agricultur (2005 data)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Agricultur accoonts for 42% o total employment in Surxondaryo Province an produces 8% o Uzbekistan’s agricultural ootput. Agricultural production is 56% crops an 44% livestock (like the kintra’s average). Milk yields are less than 1,700 kg per cow per year, on a par wi the naitional average.

Main characteristics o agricultur in Surxondaryo Province[1][7]

Surxondaryo Percent o
naitional total
Sown area 278,100 ha 8
Cereals 45% 8
Cotton 45% 8
Potatoes, vegetables 5% 7
Feed crops 5% 5
Fruit orchards 12,600 ha 6
Vineyards 8,400 ha 6
Cattle 531,100 heid 8
Cows 241,900 heid 9
Sheep, goats 1,253,500 heid 11

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Statistical Yearbook of the Regions of Uzbekistan 2005, State Statistical Committee, Tashkent, 2006 (Roushie).
  2. Ethnic composition of the population in Surxondaryo Province
  3. Ethnic Atlas of Uzbekistan, Part 1: Ethnic minorities, Open Society Institute, table with number of Tajiks by province (Roushie).
  4. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial_pa.html. See description of PA 0808 and PA 1306 and link to map
  5. Districts and district capitals in Surxondaryo Province.
  6. Administrative Map of the Republic of Uzbekistan, State Agency for Land Resources, Geodesy, Cartography, and Land Cadastre, Tashkent, 2007 (Roushie).
  7. Agriculture in Uzbekistan, State Statistical Committee, Tashkent, 2007 (Roushie).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]