Suruç

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
"Saruj" redirects here. For the veelage in Iran, see Saruj, Iran.
Suruç
Suruç is located in Turkey
Suruç
Suruç
Coordinates: 36°58′35″N 38°25′37″E / 36.97639°N 38.42694°E / 36.97639; 38.42694
Kintra Turkey
Province Şanlıurfa
Government
 • Mayor Ethem Şahin (BDP)
 • Kaymakam Mehmet Sinan Yıldız
Area[1]
 • Destrict 735.19 km2 (283.86 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 56,963
 • Destrict 101,351
 • Destrict Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Post code 63800
Website www.suruc.bel.tr

Suruç (Kurdish: Pîrsûs) is a landwart destrict o Şanlıurfa Province o Turkey, on a plain near the Sirie border 46 km south-wast o the ceety o Urfa.

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The modren Turkis name “Suruç” is derived from Serugh (Syriac: ܣܪܘܓ, Sĕrûḡ, pronooncit as if Sıruğ in Modren Turkis orthografie, but present pronunciation influencit bi Arabic: سروج‎, sarūj), the pre-Islamic name for the aurie. The name leeterally means “woven” or “latticit,” an either refers tae weavin or saddle makkin, baith o which are tradeetional in the destrict. Alternatively, the name is associatit wi Serug (Ebreu: שרוג‎, śərûḡ) the great-grandfaither o the prophet Aubraham (Genesis 11.20–23; I Chronicles 1.26; Luke 3.35).

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In antiquity the Sumeries built a dounset in the aurie. The ceety wis a centre o silk-makkin. They wur succeedit bi a nummer o ither Mesopotamie ceevilisations. The Roman Emperor Constantine I brocht the toun unner the control o the ceety o Edessa (modren day Şanlıurfa). Ane o the maist famous residents o the destrict is its 6t century Siriac bishop an poet-theologian Jacob o Serugh. The toun wis surrendered tae the Abbasid Arabs in 639. It wis later controlled bi Crusaders (in 1098), an Moslems again (in 1127). The ceety wis then destroyed in the Mongol invasions, an in 1517 the aurie wis brocht intae the Ottoman Empire bi Selim I. Suruç wis occupeed in 1918 bi Breetish an in 1919 bi French troops, but wis freed bi a local resistance struggle. Suruç is the day inhabitit maistly bi ethnic Kurds.

The main toun o the destrict is cried Suruç an aw. Housomeivver, the aulder name for the toun is Batnan o Batnae (Syriac: ܒܛܢܢ, Baṭnān; Greek: Βάτναι, Batnai; Laitin: Batnae). The day Suruç is a agricultural destrict famous for pomegranates.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.