Stuttgart Region (Baden-Württemberg, Germany) is a metropolitan aurie in Germany an consists o the ceety o Stuttgart an the surroondin districts o Ludwigsburg, Esslingen, Böblingen, Rems-Murr-Kreis an Göppingen (each 10–20 km frae Stuttgart ceety center). Aboot 2.7 million inhabitants live in that aurie (3,700 km²). In fact, wi 708 fowk per square kilometre, the Stuttgart Region is ane o the maist densely populatit auries in Germany. Stuttgart Region is govrened bi a directly electit parliament.
Situatit at the hert o Baden-Württemberg an Europe, the Stuttgart Region is the hub o economic, scientific, an poleetical life in Soothwast Germany. The aurie currently haes Germany's heichest density o scientific, academic an research organisations, an tops the naitional league for patent applications. The Gross Domestic Product for Stuttgart Region wis recordit at aboot €35,000 per caipita an about €64,000 per employed person. The unemployment rate is only 4.8 per cent. Stuttgart Region is one of Europe's most important and most successful economic centres. This is due not only to the influence of leading international companies, such as Daimler, Porsche, Robert Bosch, Celesio, Hewlett-Packard and IBM (all of whom have their world or German headquarters here), but also to the influence of world-renowned medium-sized enterprises such as Behr, Dürr, Kärcher, Märklin, Stihl, Festo, TTS Tooltechnic Systems, GEZE and Trumpf. In total, approximately 150,000 companies are located in the Stuttgart Region. 24 per cent of employees in the Stuttgart Region work in the high-tech sector – a European record.
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Admeenistrative Destrict o Stuttgart
Stuttgart Region shouldna be confused wi the Admeenistrative Destrict o Stuttgart.
The German state o Baden-Württemberg is sub-dividit intae fower districts:
- Administrative Destrict of Stuttgart
- Admeenistrative Destrict o Tübingen
- Admeenistrative Destrict o Karlsruhe
- Admeenistrative Destrict o Freiburg
Stuttgart Region is pairt o the "Admeenistrative Destrict o Stuttgart" (Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, 4 million inhabitants, 11,000 km²).
Stuttgart Metropolitan Aurie
The Stuttgart Metropolitan Aurie (pop. 5.3 million), accordin tae the definition o the European Union, is neither identical wi the "inner" Stuttgart Region nor wi the Admeenistrative Destrict o Stuttgart.
The Stuttgart Metropolitan Aurie consists i.a. o the follaein lairger ceeties (approx. 50 km frae Stuttgart Ceety Center):
- Stuttgart Region, 2.7 million inhabitants
- Heilbronn, 120,000 inhabitants, Admeenistrative Destrict o Stuttgart
- Schwäbisch Gmünd, 65,000 inhabitants, Admeenistrative Destrict o Stuttgart
- Tübingen, 85,000 inhabitants, Admeenistrative Destrict o Tübingen
- Reutlingen, 115,000 inhabitants, Admeenistrative Destrict o Tübingen
- Pforzheim, 115,000 inhabitants, Admeenistrative Destrict o Karlsruhe
an their surroondin coonties.