Sosnowiec [sɔsˈnɔvjɛt͡s] ( listen) is a ceety in Zagłębie Dąbrowskie in soothren Poland, near Katowice. It is ane o the central destricts o the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - a metropolis wi a combined population o ower twa million fowk locatit in the Silesian Hielands, on the Brynica river (tributary o the Vistula).
It is situatit in the Silesian Voivodeship syne its formation in 1999. Previously, it wis pairt o Katowice Voivodeship. Sosnowiec is ane o the ceeties o the 2.7 million person conurbation - Katowice urban aurie an athin a greater Silesian metropolitan aurie populatit bi aboot 5,294,000 fowk. The population o the ceety is 220,450 (Juin 2009).
Its name comes frae Pols sosna, referrin tae the pine forests which wur common prior tae 1830. It wis oreeginally kent as Sosnowice. Ither variations o the name include Sosnowietz, Sosnowitz, Sosnovitz (Yiddish), Sosnovyts, Sosnowyts, Sosnovytz, Sosnowytz, Сосновец (Russian), Sosnovetz. There are 5 ither smawer touns in Poland an aa cried Sosnowiec. They are locatit in the regions o Bydgoszcz, Kielce, Łódź, Łomża, and Opole.
Twin touns — Sister ceeties
Sosnowiec is twinned wi:
- European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) 
- Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2009, "Population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division, as of June 30, 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-31.