Solidaridad, Quintana Roo

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Solidaridad
Municipality

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Location o Solidaridad in Quintana Roo
Solidaridad, Quintana Roo is located in Mexico
Solidaridad
Solidaridad
Location o Solidaridad in Quintana Roo
Coordinates: 20°37′39″N 87°04′52″W / 20.62750°N 87.08111°W / 20.62750; -87.08111
Kintra Banner o Mexico Mexico
State Flag of Quintana Roo.svg Quintana Roo
Municipal Seat Playa del Carmen
Area[1]
 • Municipality 2,278 km2 (880 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Municipality 159,310
 • Density 70/km2 (180/sq mi)
 • Urban 155,902
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
INEGI Code 008
Major Airport Cancún Internaitional Airport
IATA Code CUN
ICAO Code MMUN
Website Official Site
Municipalities o Quintana Roo

Solidaridad is ane o the ten municipalities that mak up the Mexican state o Quintana Roo. It is ane o the youngest municipalities in the kintra an aw an wis formit on 28 Julie 1993 bi decree o the State Congress durin the admeenistration o Mario Villanueva. At this time the municipality o Cozumel wis split intae twa, wi the mainland section constitutin the new municipality o Solidaridad. Its municipal seat is the toun o Playa del Carmen. On 13 Mairch 2008 Solidaridad wis separatit frae the new Tulum Municipality, as a result its laund aurie an population wis adjustit.[2]

Solidaridad is hame tae the Maya airchaeological steid o Xcaret.[3]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The municipality haes some smaw but rich continental steids includin the ecotourism pairk o Xcaret. Prior tae the creation o the municipality o Tulum, the municipality wis situatit atween latitudes 20° 45' an 19° 46' north an langitudes 86° 57' an 88° 05' wast, an haed a aurie o 4,245.67 km². The day it borders the municipalities o Benito Juárez, Lázaro Cárdenas tae the north an Tulum tae the sooth; an is separatit in maist places frae its neebourin municipality tae the east (Cozumel) bi a stretch o the Caribbean Sea kent as the Cozumel Channel.

The ecotourism pairk o Xel-Ha an the Calica limestane quarry are no pairt o Solidaridad as they belang tae the neebourin municipality o Cozumel. These are the anerly twa mainland locations for the municipality o Cozumel wi sizes o 90 Ha an 11.9 Ha respectively. Aw o the limestane frae Calica is exportit tae the US, an the quarry haes its awn docks an serves visitin cruise ships an aw.[3]

Orografie an hydrografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Like maist o the Yucatan Peninsula, Solidaridad is amaist entirely flat wi a gentle slope towards the sea, so frae wast tae east, maist o the aurie niver reaches a altitude abuin 25 meters abuin sea level

Like the rest o the peninsula's surface the laund haes a limestone base that does no allou the formation o surface watter flows such as rivers an streams, the watter insteid form flows in unnergrund rivers that sometimes rise tae the surface in the cenotes. Lochs an cenotes are the major watter bouks o the municipality.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The municipality haes a population o 159,310 accordin tae the results o the Population an Hoosing Census o 2010 conductit bi the Naitional Institute o Statistics an Geografie (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía), o these, 83,468 are men an 75,842 are weemen.[4] Bi this time, Tulum Municipality wis awready separatit frae Solidaridad.

Currently maist o its population are immigrants, mainly frae the sootheastren states o Mexico; but, accordin tae the National Institute of Migration, Mexico (Instituto Nacional de Migración de México), the municipality haes 12 percent o its population o foreign oreegin an aw.

Commonties[eedit | eedit soorce]

The lairgest localities (ceeties, touns, an veelages) are:[5]

Name 2010 Census Population
Playa del Carmen 149,923
Puerto Aventuras 5,979
Barceló Maya 606
Grand Palladium 334
Cárcel Pública 314
Iberostar 242
Felipe Carrillo Puerto 176
Punta Laguna 138
El Dorado 131
Hidalgo y Cortez 128
Grand Sirenis 125
Total Municipality 159,310

The Hacienda Tres Ríos is locatit on the Cancún-Tulum Highway Km54, near Playa del Carmen. It is a resort which wis built wi local materials an haes implementit technologies tae mak the operation mair environment-friendly. For example, mony o the structur are built on three-meter heich piles as tae no interrupt the flow o watter throu the aurie. An aw, garbage is recycled an cauld watter frae deep wells is uised for the ceulin seestem. The hacienda, which is locatit bi the sea, haes a desalinisation plant tae avoid uisin grundwatter an aw. The hotel aurie is surroondit bi twa hectares o laund wi 50,000 plants an surroondin that is 60 hectares o bioreserve wi mair than 120 species o flora an 90 species o wildlife. The hacienda haes been recognisit bi the Mexican govrenment as a “regional an naitional model o sustainable tourist development” an haes been recognisit bi the World Travel Awards. Pairt o the operation’s earnins go toward studyin the local ecoseestems.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Discuten por nuevo municipio". Retrieved 2009-11-05. 
  2. "Tulum se convierte en el noveno municipio de Quintana Roo". Retrieved 2008-03-13. [deid airtin]
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México". Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  4. 2010 census tables: INEGI
  5. 2010 census tables: INEGI
  6. "Hacienda Tres Ríos". Mexico Desconocido (in Spanish) (Mexico City: Grupo Editorial Impresiones Aéreas) 394: 32. December 2009. ISSN 1870-9397. 

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