Sisimiut

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Sisimiut
Holsteinsborg
Sisimiut centrum, Kangerluarsunnguaq Bay, an the massif o Palasip Qaqqaa
Coordinates: 66°56′20″N 53°40′20″W / 66.93889°N 53.67222°W / 66.93889; -53.67222
State  Kinrick o Denmark
Constituent kintra  Greenland
Municipality Qeqqata-coat-of-arms.svg Qeqqata
First settled 2500 BCE
Foondit 1764
Government[1][2]
 • Mayor Hermann Berthelsen (Siumut)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 5,460
Time zone UTC-03
Postal code 3911
Website sisimiut.gl

Sisimiut, formerly Holsteinsborg, is a toun in central-wastren Greenland, locatit on the coast o Davis Strait, approximately 320 km (200 mi) north o Nuuk. It is the admeenistrative center o the Qeqqata Municipality an the seicont-lairgest toun in Greenland, wi a population o 5,460 fowk as o 2010. The first indwallers wur the Inuit fowks o the Saqqaq cultur, Dorset cultur, an then the Thule fowk, whose descendants fairm the majority o the current population. Airtifacts frae the early settlement era can be foond throughoot the region, favored in the past for its plentiful fauna, particularly the marine mammals providin subsistence for the early huntin societies. The population o modren Greenlanders in Sisimiut is a mix o the Inuit an Danish fowks, who first settled in the aurie in the 1720s, unner the leadership of the Danish missionary, Hans Egede.

The day, Sisimiut is the lairgest business center north o the naitional caipital o Nuuk an is ane o the fastest growin touns in Greenland. Fishin is the principal industry in Sisimiut, although the toun haes a growin industrial base. KNI an its subsidiary Pilersuisoq, a state-awned chain o aw-purpose general stores in Greenland, hae their base in Sisimiut. Architecturally, Sisimiut is a mix o tradeetional, single-faimily hooses, an communal housin, wi apartment blocks raised in the 1960s durin a period o toun expansion in Greenland. Sisimiut is still expandin, wi the aurie north o the port, on the shore o the smaa Kangerluarsunnguaq Bay reserved for a modren suburb-style hoosin slatit for construction in the 2010s. Several professional an general schuils are based in Sisimiut, providin eddication tae the indwallers o the toun an tae those frae smawer settlements in the region. The new Taseralik Culture Center is the seicont Cultural Center tae be established in Greenland, efter Katuaq in Nuuk.

The toun haes its awn bus line, an is the northrenmaist year-roond ice-free port in the kintra, a shippin base for wastren an northwastren Greenland. Supply ships heid frae the commercial port towards smawer settlements in mair remote regions o Uummannaq Fjord, Upernavik Archipelago, an as far as Qaanaaq in northren Greenland. The toun airport is served bi Air Greenland, providin connections tae ither touns on the wastren coast o Greenland, an through Kangerlussuaq Airport, tae Europe.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Climate o the Arctic

Sisimiut lies within the polar climate region, belangin tae the E group o the Köppen climate classification. The average temperatur is 10 °C (50 °F) or lawer throughoot the year.[4] The cauldest months on average are Februar an Mairch which hae average heichs o −10.2 °C (13.6 °F) an −10.1 °C (13.8 °F) respectively.[4] The wairmest months are Julie an August which hae average heichs o 9.8 °C (49.6 °F) an 9.3 °C (48.7 °F) respectively an are the anly months o the year in which the average laws are above 1 °C (34 °F), baith at 3.3 °C (37.9 °F).[4] Precipitation is very law in Sisimiut, wi the greatest amoont o rainfaw occurrin in the seicont hauf o the year, atween Julie an December, wi August an September bein the wettest months.[4] The sea winds frae Davis Strait moderate the climate, wi the aurie kent for its fogs.[5]

Twin touns[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sisimiut is twinned wi:

Sisimiut haes friendship airts wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Nye direktører i Qeqqata Kommunea". Sermitsiaq (in Danish). 3 January 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2010. 
  2. "Sisimiut" (in Danish). KANUKOKA. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  3. "Greenland in Figures, 2010" (PDF). Statistics Greenland. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Klimanormaler for Grønland" (in Danish). Danish Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  5. O'Carroll, Etain (2005). Greenland and the Arctic. Lonely Planet. pp. 158–160. ISBN 1-74059-095-3. 
  6. "AVF - Albertslund Venskabsby Forening" (in Danish). Albertslund Kommune. Retrieved 4 July 2010. 
  7. "Twinning contacts". Canterbury City Council. Retrieved 4 July 2010.