Sha

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Cyrillic letter Sha
Cyrillic letter Sha - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Unicode (hex)
Majuscule: U+0428
Minuscule: U+0448
Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й Ј
К Л Љ М Н Њ О
П Р С Т Ћ Ќ У
Ў Ф Х Ц Ч Џ Ш
Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
Ӑ Ӓ Ә Ӛ Ӕ Ғ Ҕ
Ӻ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ Ӗ Ӂ
Җ Ӝ Ԅ Ҙ Ӟ Ԑ Ӡ
Ԇ Ӣ Ҋ Ӥ Қ Ӄ Ҡ
Ҟ Ҝ Ԟ Ԛ Ӆ Ԓ Ԡ
Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ Ң Ӈ Ҥ
Ԣ Ԋ Ӧ Ө Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ
Ҧ Ҏ Ԗ Ҫ Ԍ Ҭ Ԏ
Ӯ Ӱ Ӳ Ү Ұ Ҳ Ӽ
Ӿ Һ Ԧ Ҵ Ҷ Ӵ Ӌ
Ҹ Ҽ Ҿ Ӹ Ҍ Ӭ
Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ Ѹ Ѡ Ѿ Ѣ
Ѥ Ѧ Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ    
Leet o Cyrillic letters
Cyrillic digraphs

Sha (Ш ш; italics: Ш ш) is a letter o the Glagolitic an Cyrillic script. It commonly represents the voiceless postalveolar fricative /ʃ/, like the pronunciation o ⟨sh⟩ in "sheep" or the somewhat similar voiceless retroflex fricative /ʂ/ in Roushie. Mair precisely, the soond in Roushie denotit bi <ш> is commonly transcribit as a palato-alveolar fricative but is actually a voiceless retroflex fricative. It is uised in every variation o the Cyrillic alphabet, for Slavic an non-Slavic leids.

In Inglis, Sha is romanized as ⟨sh⟩ or as ⟨š⟩, the latter bein the equivalent letter in the Latin alphabets o Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatie, Latvie an Lithuanie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sha haes its earliest origins in Phoenician Shin an is linked closely to Shin's Greek equivalent: Sigma (Σ, σ, ς). (Note the similar form of the modern Hebrew Shin (ש), which is probably the origin o this letter, derivin frae the same Proto-Canaanite soorce). Sha already possessed its current fairm in Saunts Cyril an Methodius's Glagolitic alphabet. Maist Cyrillic letter-fairms wur derived frae the Greek, but as thare wis na Greek sign for the Sha soond (modren Greek uises simply "Σ/σ/ς" tae spell the sh-soond in foreign wirds and names), Glagolitic Sha wis adoptit unchynged. Thare is a possibility that Sha wis taken frae the Coptic alphabet, which wis the same as the Greek alphabet but haed a few letters addit at the end, includin ane cried "shai" which somewhat resembles baith sha an shcha (Щ, щ) in appearance.

Uise in mathematics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ш haes the distinction o bein the anly distinctly Cyrillic letter internaitionally uised in mathematics:

In algebraic geometry, the Tate–Shafarevich group o an Abelian variety A ower a field K is denotit Ш(A/K), a notation first suggestit bi J. W. S. Cassels. (Previously it haed been unimaginatively denotit TS.)

In a different mathematical context, some authors allude tae the shape o the letter Sha when thay uise the term Shah function for what is itherwise cried a Dirac comb.

The shuffle product is eften denotit bi ш.

Relatit letters an ither similar characters[eedit | eedit soorce]

Computin codes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Character Ш ш
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAIPITAL LETTER SHA CYRILLIC SMAA LETTER SHA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1064 U+0428 1096 U+0448
UTF-8 208 168 D0 A8 209 136 D1 88
Numeric character reference &#1064; &#x428; &#1096; &#x448;
KOI8-R an KOI8-U 251 FB 219 DB
Code page 855 246 F6 245 F5
Code page 866 152 98 232 E8
Windows-1251 216 D8 248 F8
ISO-8859-5 200 C8 232 E8
Macintosh Cyrillic 152 98 248 F8

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • The dictionar defineetion o Ш at Wiktionar
  • The dictionar defineetion o ш at Wiktionar