Schwerin

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Schwerin
Schweriner Schloss (parliament o Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)
Schweriner Schloss (parliament o Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)
Coat o airms o Schwerin
Schwerin is located in Germany
Schwerin
Schwerin
Coordinates 53°38′N 11°25′E / 53.633°N 11.417°E / 53.633; 11.417
Admeenistration
Kintra Germany
State Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Destrict Urban destrict
Toun subdiveesions 18 burghs
Laird Mayor Angelika Gramkow (Die Linke)
Basic statistics
Aurie 130.46 km2 (50.37 sq mi)
Elevation 38 m  (125 ft)
Population 95,300 (31 Dizember 2011)[1]
 - Density 730 /km2 (1,892 /sq mi)
Ither information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SN
Postal codes 19053, 19055, 19057, 19059, 19061, 19063
Aurie code 0385
Wabsteid schwerin.de
Coonty o Schwerin
Grafschaft Schwerin
State o the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Saxony
1161–1358
Caipital Schwerin
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Established 1161
 - Pairtitioned tae Schwerin
    an Sch-Wittenburg
 
1279
 - Pairtitioned tae create
    Sch-Boizenburg
 
1323
 - Inheritit Tecklenburg 1328
 - Sch-Schwerin comital line
    extinct
 
1344
 - Sch-W'burg-B'burg extinct 1349 1358
 - Comital line extinct; sold
    to Mecklenburg-Schwerin
 
1358
Bishopric o Schwerin
Bistum Schwerin
State o the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Saxony
1165–1648
Caipital Schwerin
Government Theocracy
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Established 1062
 - Gained territory 1165
 - Secularised tae M-Schwerin 1648

Schwerin (German pronunciation: [ʃvɛˈʁiːn] or [ʃvəˈʁiːn]) is the caipital an seicont-lairgest ceety o the northren German state o Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The population, as o end o 2009, wis 95,041.

It shoud no be ramfeeselt wi the umwhile Schwerin an der Warthe at 52°30'N-15°20'E, nou kent as Skwierzyna in Poland.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Schwerin is surroondit bi mony picturesque lakes. The largest of these lakes, the Schweriner See, has an area of 60 km². In the midst o these lakes thare wis a settlement o the Slavic Obotrite (datit back tae the 11t century). The aurie wis cried Zuarin (Zwierzyn), an the name Schwerin is derivit frae that designation. In 1160, Henry the Lion defeatit the Obotrites an captured Schwerin. The toun wis subsequently expandit intae a powerful regional centre. A castle wis built, an expandit upon ower the centuries, on this steid. It is supposedly hauntit bi the sma, impious ghost, cried Petermännchen.

In 1358, Schwerin became a pairt o the Duchy o Mecklenburg, makkin it the seat o the dukedom frae then on. Aboot 1500, the construction o the Schwerin castle began; it wis here that the dukes residit. Efter the diveesion o Mecklenburg (1621), Schwerin became the caipital o the Duchy o Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Atween 1765 an 1837, the toun o Ludwigslust servit as the caipital, till Schwerin wis reinstatit.

In the mid-1800s, mony residents frae Schwerin muivit tae the Unitit States, mony tae Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The day Milwaukee an Schwerin are sister ceeties.

Efter 1918, an durin the German Revolution, resultin in the faw o aw the German monarchies, the Grand Duke abdicatit. Schwerin became caipital o the Free State o Mecklenburg-Vorpommern thereefter.

At the end o Warld War II, on 2 Mey 1945, Schwerin wis taken bi U.S. truips. It wis turned ower tae the Breetish on 1 Juin 1945, an ane month later, on 1 Julie 1945,[2] it wis handit ower tae the Soviet forces, as the Breetish an American forces pulled back frae the line o contact tae the predesignatit occupation zones. Schwerin wis then in the Soviet Occupation Zone which wis tae become the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Initially, it wis the caipital o the State o Mecklenburg which at that time includit the wastren pairt o Pomeranie (Vorpommern). Efter the states wur dissolvit in the GDR, in 1952, Schwerin servit as the caipital o the Schwerin district (Bezirk Schwerin).

Efter reunification in 1990, the umwhile state o Mecklenburg-Vorpommern wis recreatit as ane o the Bundesländer. Rostock wis a serious contender for state caipital but the decision went in favour of Schwerin.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ceety buses an trams are run bi NVS (Nahverkehr Schwerin).[3]

Schwerin Hauptbahnhof (central station) is connectit bi rail tae Berlin, Hamburg an Rostock.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • The landmark o the ceety is the Schwerin Castle, locatit on an island in the lake o the same name (Schweriner See). It wis, for centuries, the residence o the Dukes o Mecklenburg an the day is the seat o the Landtag (state parliament).
  • Schwerin Cathedral, built in 1260–1416 in Brick Gothic style.
  • The Alter Garten (Auld Garden) square, surroondit bi biggins such as the 18t-century Altes Palais (Auld Palace), the neoclassical Staatliches Museum Schwerin (State Airt Museum), built in 1877–1882, an the Staatstheater (Ceety Theater), erectit in 1886.
  • The toun haw (18t century)
  • Schelfkirche (Saint Nicolai, oreeginally built 1238, but rebuilt in 1713 efter destruction bi a storm)
  • Television mast Schwerin-Zippendorf
Panoramic view o the historic inner ceety.

Museums[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • The Staatliches Museum Schwerin-Kunstsammlungen (State Airt Museum) hooses a remarkable collection o Dutch paintins frae 16t centuries Dutch painter schuils German airt frae medieval an renaissance masters up tae the present day. There are an exquisite collection o Greek vases an aw, the warld-wide important collection o Paintins o Jean-Baptiste Oudry, a remarkable collection o sculpturs o Houdon, German 18t-century court paintins, an wirks bi such modren airtists as Max Liebermann, Franz Stuck, Marcel Duchamp etc. The Graphic cabinet hooses rich collections o Dutch an German drawins an prints (Jan van Goyen, Dürer, Cranach, Rembrandt, Merian etc.) an the warld-wide best collection o coloured graphics frae the time o the GDR.
  • The Technische Museum (Technical Museum), hoosed in the umwhile Marstall (Ryal Stables).

Creeme Rate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the offeecial 2007 Creeme Report for Germany, Schwerin is the anerlie German city with a crime rate over 17,000 total offenses committed per 100,000 inhabitants;[4] thus being 1st in the leet o Germany's maist dangerous ceeties. The lairger ceeties, such as Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, or Bremen, aw hae creeme rates rangin frae 14,000 tae 16,000 total offenses committit per 100,000 fowk. Housomeivver, Schwerin is the anerlie ceety whare ridin a bus (or tram) athoot a ticket an social security fraud is coontit towards the creeme rate, significantly boosterin the numbers.[5]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Footnotes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Bevölkerungsstand der Kreise, Ämter und Gemeinden in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 31.12.2011". Statistisches Amt Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (in German). 10 October 2012. 
  2. Some evidence caws intae doubt the date on which the Breetish athdrew tae the predesignatit occupation zone. Local residents claim that the Breetish forces did no relinquish control o Schwerin till later in the year, probably November, follaein a brief airtillery exchynge athort lake Schwerin atween the Breetish an the Soviets. Allegedly thare wur nae daiths.
  3. NVS (Nahverkehr Schwerin)
  4. Official Police Report for Germany, cf. p. 17
  5. http://www.webarchiv-server.de/pin/archiv07/2020070519paz13.htm

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Destricts o Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Template:Caipitals o the states o the Federal Republic o Germany Template:Bezirke DDR Seats Template:Lawer Saxon Circle