|Honored in||Roman Catholic Kirk|
|Major shrine||Basilica o Saunt Marinus|
|Attributes||depictit as a beardit layman wi a stanemason's
hammer; depictit as a young deacon wi a hammer;
depictit servin as a deacon tae
Saunt Leo the Great or Gaudentius o Rimini;
twa oxen near him.
Saunt Marinus wis the foonder o the warld's auldest survivin republic, San Marino, in 301. Tradition holds that he wis a stonemason bi trade who came frae the island o Rab on the ither side o the Adriatic Sea (modern Croatie), fleein persecution for his Christian beliefs in the Diocletianic Persecution. He became a Deacon, an wis ordained bi St. Gaudentius, Bishop o Rimini, till he wis accused bi an insane woman o being her estranged husband, when he fled tae Monte Titano tae live as a hermit. There he built a chapel an monastery. Marinus wis canonised an later, the State o San Marino grew up frae the centre creatit bi the monastery. His memorial day is 3 September, commemoratin the day o the year when he foondit San Marino, which is also San Marino's naitional holiday.
According tae legend, he dee'd in the Winter o 366 an his last words wur: "Relinquo vos liberos ab utroque homine." ("I leave ye free frae baith men"). This somewha mysterious phrase is maist likely to refer tae the twa "men" frae whose oppressive pouer Saunt Marinus haed decidit tae separate himself, becomin a hermit on Mount Titano: respectively the Emperor an the Pope. This affirmation o freedom (first an foremaist fiscal franchise) frae baith the State an the Church, houever legendary, haes always been the inspiration o the tiny republic.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Radovan Radovinovič, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, pg. 127, Zagreb (1999), ISBN 953-178-097-8
- "The Republic of San Marino", William Miller, The American Historical Review, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Juli 1901), pages 633–649)
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Saints of September 4: Marinus of San Marino, Hermit Deacon (on this website, September 4 is incorrectly indicated as Saint Marinus' day)
- Patron Saints Index: Saint Marinus
- (Italian) San Marino
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Saint Marinus.|