Sasanian Empire

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Sasanian Empire
Ērānshahr[1][2]
224–651
 

 

 

Derafsh Kaviani Simurgh
The Sasanian Empire at its greatest extent, unner Khosrau II
Caipital
Leid(s) Middle Persie[4]
Middle Aramaic[5]
Releegion Zoroastrianism,
(an aa Babylonian, Manichaeism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Mandaeism, Judaism)
Government Feudal Monarchy[6]
Shahanshah
 − 224–241 Ardashir I (first)
 − 632–651 Yazdegerd III (last)
Historical era Late Antiquity
 - Battle o Hormozdgān 28 April 224
 - Roman–Persie War 602–628
 - Ceevil war[7] 628-632
 - Muslim conquest 633–651
 - Empire collapses 651
Aurie
 − 621 6,600,000 km2 (2,548,274 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Parthian Empire
Indo-Scythians
Kushan Empire
Kinrick o Armenie (antiquity)
Lakhmids
Rashidun Caliphate
Dabuyid dynasty
Masmughans of Damavand
Bavand dynasty
The day pairt o

The Sasanian Empire (/səˈsɑːnɪən/ or /səˈsnɪən/; also kent as Sassanian, Sasanid, or Sassanid) or Neo-Persian Empire,[9] kent tae its indwallers as Ērānshahr[1] an Ērān in Middle Persie an resultin in the New Persie terms Iranshahr an Iran,[10] wis the last Iranian empire afore the rise o Islam, ruled bi the Sasanian dynasty frae 224 CE tae 651 CE.[2][11] The Sassanid Empire, which succeedit the Parthian Empire, wis recognized as ane o the main pouers in Wastren an Central Asie, alangside the Roman–Byzantine Empire, for a period o mair nor 400 years.[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Book Pahlavi spelling: Eranshahr.svg, Inscriptional Pahlavi spelling: 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭𐭱𐭲𐭥𐭩
  2. 2.0 2.1 (Wiesehofer 1996)
  3. "CTESIPHON – Encyclopaedia Iranica". Iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  4. Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East, Vol.1, Ed. Jamie Stokes, (Infobase Publishing, 2009), 601.
  5. Chyet, Michael L. (1997). Afsaruddin, Asma; Krotkoff, Georg; Zahniser, A. H. Mathias, eds. Humanism, Culture, and Language in the Near East: Studies in Honor of Georg Krotkoff. Eisenbrauns. p. 284. ISBN 9781575060200. "In the Middle Persian period (Parthian and Sassanid Empires), Aramaic was the medium of everyday writing, and it provided scripts for writing Middle Persian, Parthian, Sogdian, and Khwarezmian." 
  6. http://books.google.dk/books?id=sP_hVmik-QYC&pg=PA179&dq=encyclopedia+islam+khusraw&hl=da&sa=X&ei=B-LGUsf8DYnR4QT-loGgBg&ved=0CEcQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=encyclopedia%20islam%20khusraw&f=false
  7. Parvaneh Pourshariati, Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran, I.B. Tauris, 2008. (p. 4)
  8. Security and Territoriality in the Persian Gulf: A Maritime Political Geography by Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh, page 119
  9. Fattah, Hala Mundhir (2009). A Brief History Of Iraq. Infobase Publishing. p. 49. ISBN 9780816057672. "Historians have also referred to the Sassanian Empire as the Neo-Persian Empire." 
  10. MacKenzie, D. N. (2005), A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary, London & New York: Routledge Curzon, p. 120, ISBN 0-19-713559-5 
  11. "A Brief History". Culture of Iran. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved 11 September 2009. 
  12. (Shapur Shahbazi 2005)