Salekhard

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Salekhard (Scots)
Салехард (Roushie)
Пуӆңават (Khanty)
-  Toun[1]  -
Map of Russia - Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location o Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug in Roushie
Salekhard is located in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Salekhard
Salekhard
Location o Salekhard in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 66°32′N 66°36′E / 66.533°N 66.600°E / 66.533; 66.600
Coat of Arms of Salekhard (Yamal Nenetsia).png
Flag of Salekhard (Yamal Nenetsia).png
Coat o airms
Banner
Admeenistrative status (as o September 2009)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug[1]
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae toun o okrug significance o Salekhard[1]
Admeenistrative center o Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug,[1] toun o okrug significance o Salekhard[1]
Municipal status (as o June 2010)
Urban okrug Salekhard Urban Okrug[2]
Admeenistrative centre o Salekhard Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needit] Alexander Spirin[citation needit]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
42,544 inhabitants[3]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+06:00)[4]
Founded 1595[citation needit]
Toun status since 1938[citation needit]
Previous names Obdorsk (until 1933)[citation needit]
Dialin code(s) +7 34922[5]
Offeecial wabsteid

Salekhard (Roushie: Салеха́рд‎; Khanty: Пуӆңават; Template:Lang-yrk, lit. hoose on a peninsulae) is a toun an the admeenistrative centre o Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Roushie. It is the closest toun tae the Polar circle, the main pairts bein aboot 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) sooth an suburbs stretchin tae the north o the circle. Population: 42,544 (2010 Census preliminary results);[3] 36,827 (2002 Census);[6] 32,334 (1989 Census).[7]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The dounset o Obdorsk (Обдорск) wis foondit in 1595, in the place o a Khanty dounset cried Polnovat-Vozh (Полноват-вож), bi Roushie settlers efter the conquest o Siberie. It wis situatit on the Ob River, an its name supposedly derives frae that. The laund aroond Obdorsk wis referred tae as Obdorsky krai, or Obdoriya.

The toun wis aften uised as a place o exile durin the Tsarist an Soviet periods. Amang notable fowk who spent time here wis the Doukhobor spiritual leader Pyotr Verigin. The toun an nearbi aurie contained three Soviet camps whaur approximately 6,500 preesoners wur held, arrested for their belief in God. At the port o Salekhard, approximately 1,500 preesoners loadit an unloadit guids at the dock, or mined metal ores. Aboot 5,000 preesoners in twa camps near Salekhard wur assigned tae pols diamonds mined frae Mirny.

On 10 Dizember 1930, Obdorsk became the admeenistrative centre o the new Yamal (Nenets) Naitional Okrug. It wis renamit Salekhard in 1933, an grantit toun status in 1938.

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Athin the framewirk o admeenistrative diveesions, it is, thegither wi ane landwart locality, incorporatit as the toun o okrug significance o Salekhard—an admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[1] As a municipal diveesion, the toun o okrug significance o Salekhard is incorporatit as Salekhard Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yamal Airlines haes its heid office in Salekhard.[8]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun is servit bi the Salekhard Airport.

The nearest railwey is at Labytnangi on the opposite side o the river Ob. Frae 1949 tae 1953, the Salekhard-Igarka Railway project made an unsuccessful attempt tae extend the line tae Igarka, claimin the lives o thoosans o Gulag preesoners. The section o railwey frae Salekhard tae Nadym wis completit an remained in uise for some time in the Soviet era, awtho it wis later abandoned. It is currently bein rebuilt, alang wi a lang-awaitit brig athort the Ob atween Labytnangi an Salekhard.

As o 2010, caurs an larries cross the river bi drivin athort the frozen river ice for 9–10 months a year. In the simmer a ferry operates, "but twice a year, durin floatin o ice, Salekhard lives in a staundalane mode, completely cut aff frae the warld. Anerlie helicopter in case o emergency. Native fowk aye build safety stock o fuid at hame, in the shops, in the mercat for this period, but they still hae saisonal price increasin."[9]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Salekhard haes a subairctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) wi short, mild simmers an severly cauld winters. Precipitation is moderate, an is significantly greater in simmer than in winter.

Climate data for Salekhard
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
1.9
(35.4)
5.7
(42.3)
15.5
(59.9)
24.5
(76.1)
31.6
(88.9)
32.9
(91.2)
29.9
(85.8)
24.8
(76.6)
18.2
(64.8)
7.0
(44.6)
4.1
(39.4)
32.9
(91.2)
Average heich °C (°F) −18.8
(−1.8)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−9.9
(14.2)
−4
(25)
3.7
(38.7)
14.3
(57.7)
19.7
(67.5)
15.7
(60.3)
8.8
(47.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
−11.3
(11.7)
−16.2
(2.8)
−1.39
(29.50)
Daily mean °C (°F) −23.2
(−9.8)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−14.9
(5.2)
−9.1
(15.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
9.5
(49.1)
14.8
(58.6)
11.4
(52.5)
5.3
(41.5)
−3
(26.6)
−15.3
(4.5)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−5.72
(21.71)
Average laich °C (°F) −27.8
(−18.0)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−14
(7)
−4.2
(24.4)
5.2
(41.4)
10.0
(50.0)
7.3
(45.1)
2.2
(36.0)
−6
(21)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−25.2
(−13.4)
−9.94
(14.11)
Record laich °C (°F) −51.3
(−60.3)
−53.7
(−64.7)
−47.4
(−53.3)
−38.7
(−37.7)
−30.8
(−23.4)
−11
(12)
−1
(30)
−5.5
(22.1)
−9.6
(14.7)
−35.7
(−32.3)
−47.1
(−52.8)
−51.5
(−60.7)
−53.7
(−64.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.91)
19
(0.75)
21
(0.83)
26
(1.02)
37
(1.46)
51
(2.01)
65
(2.56)
69
(2.72)
42
(1.65)
46
(1.81)
28
(1.1)
27
(1.06)
454
(17.87)
humidity 83 82 81 78 77 70 72 79 82 86 85 83 79.8
Avg. rainy days 0.1 0 0.5 3 10 17 18 21 20 9 1 0 99.6
Avg. snawy days 26 23 23 16 13 2 0 0 3 17 24 27 174
Mean monthly sunshine hours 4.0 48.0 135.0 209.0 233.0 270.0 307.0 185.0 96.0 57.0 18.0 0.0 1,562
Source no. 1: Pogoda.ru.net[10]
Source no. 2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[11]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister cities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Salekhard is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Law #42-ZAO
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Law #26-ZAO
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. Телефонные коды городов (in Russian). Retrieved 2010-09-24.
  6. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. Yamal Airlines. Retrieved on February 27, 2012.
  9. 2010/2011 visitor Любовь
  10. "Pogoda.ru.net - Climate Data for Salekhard" (in Russian). Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  11. "Salekhard Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Государственная Дума Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа. Закон №42-ЗАО от 6 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа», в ред. Закона №123-ЗАО от 6 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Законы Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа в части изменения вида населённого пункт Тазовский путём отнесения его к сельским пунктам и наделении муниципального образования посёлок Тазовский статусом сельского поселения». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №119, 13 октября 2006 г. (State Duma of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Law #42-ZAO of October 6, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #123-ZAO of December 6, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Due to Changing the Status of the Inhabited Locality of Tazovsky to a Rural Locality and on Granting the Municipal Formation of the Settlement of Tazovsky the Status of a Rural Settlement. Effective as of the day upon expiration of ten days from the official publication date.).
  • Государственная Дума Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа. Закон №26-ЗАО от 22 июня 2004 г. «О наделении статусом, определении административного центра и установлении границ муниципального образования город Салехард», в ред. Закона №100-ЗАО от 31 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа "О наделении статусом, определении административного центра и установлении границ муниципального образования город Салехард"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №50, 23 июня 2004 г. (State Duma of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Law #26-ZAO of June 22, 2004 On Granting the Status, Determining the Administrative Center, and Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Salkhard, as amended by the Law #100-ZAO of October 31, 2012 On Amending the Law of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug "On Granting the Status, Determining the Administrative Center, and Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Salkhard". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug