Saladin

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Saladin
Sultan o Egyp an Sham
Artistic representation o Saladin.
Reign 1174–1193
Coronation 1174, Cairo
Full name Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb
Born Muslim year 532 1138
Birthplace Tikrit, Mesopotamia
Dee'd 4 Mairch 1193 (aged 55)
Place o daith Damascus, Sirie
Buriet Umayyad Mosque, Damascus, Sirie
Predecessor Nur ad-Din Zangi
Successor Al-Afdal (Sirie)
Al-Aziz Uthman (Egyp)
Consort Ismat ad-Din Khatun
Dynasty Ayyubid
Faither Najm ad-Dīn Ayyūb
Releegious beliefs Islam

Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb (Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب‎; Kurdish: سه‌لاحه‌دین ئه‌یوبی , Selahedînê Eyûbî; Turkis: Selahattin Eyyubi‎) (1137/1138 – Mairch 4, 1193), better kent in the Wastren warld as Saladin, wis the first Sultan o Egyp an Sirie an the foonder o the Ayyubid dynasty. A Muslim o Kurdish[1][2][3] origin, Saladin led the Muslim opposeetion against the European Crusaders in the Levant. At the hicht o his pouer, his sultanate includit Egyp, Sirie, Mesopotamie, Hejaz, Yemen, an ither pairts o North Africae.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. A number of contemporary sources make note o this. The biographer Ibn Khallikan writes, "Historians agree in stating that [Saladin's] father and family belonged to Duwin [Dvin]....They were Kurds and belonged to the Rawādiya (sic), which is a branch of the great tribe al-Hadāniya": Minorsky (1953), p. 124. The medieval historian Ibn Athir ,who is a Kurd and therefore his credibility is questionable, relates a passage from another commander: "...both you and Saladin are Kurds and you will not let power pass into the hands of the Turks": Minorsky (1953), p. 138.
  2. R. Stephen Humphreys, From Saladin to the Mongols: The Ayyubids of Damascus, 1193–1260, (State University of New York Press, 1977), 29;"Among the free-born amirs the Kurds would seem the most dependent on Saladin's success for the progress of their own fortunes. He too was a Kurd, after all...".
  3. "Encyclopedia of World Biography on Saladin". Retrieved August 20, 2008.