Sabha, Libie

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Sabha (Arabic: سبهاSabhā) is a ceety in soothwastren Libie wi a population o 130,000. It wis historically the caipital o the Fezzan region an is nou caipital o the Sabha Destrict.[1]

Owerview[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sabha is built on a plain sand aurie next tae a picturesque Lake Gaberoun, surroondit bi palm trees wi dates, which haes made the ceety increasingly popular wi internaitional tourists. In addition tae traditional camel-ridin, hirin an drivin jeeps tae visit the surroondin auries haes become increasingly popular. Wi a relatively lairge population, an growin fast, Sabha's importance is due tae its being the air an road transport hub o the Fezzan, a military base, an the centre o a remarkable agricultural industry in the desert.

Sabha is famous for the Fort Elena castle,[2] which is the castle featured on the reverse o the ten dinars banknote o Libie. Fort Elena wis previously kent as Fortezza Margherita, built durin the Italian colonial period. Currently the Italian-built fort is a military institution.

Sabha is kent as the place whaur Libian leader Muammar al-Gaddafi annoonced "the dawn o the era o the masses"[3].

Military[eedit | eedit soorce]

In a 2004 report bi the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Sabha base wis linked wi Libie's nuclear weapons programme.[4]

Seba Oasis, near Sabha, wis the test site o the OTRAG rockets, efter launchin wis nae langer possible in Shaba North in Zaire (nou Democratic Republic o Congo). In Seba Oasis on Mairch 1, 1981 an OTRAG rocket wi a maximum height o 50 km (31 mi) wis launched.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

An 800 km (500 mi) lang railway haes been proposed frae Sabha tae the port o Misrata for iron ore transport.[5] This railway coud continue tae Niger an ayont.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Francesca Davis DiPiazza (2006). Libya in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 0822525496. 
  2. Martin, B. G. (1984) "Ahmad Rasim Pasha and the Fazzan Slave Trade, 1881-1896" pp. 64-65 in Willis, John Ralph (ed.) (1984) Slaves and Slavery in Muslim Africa: The Servile Estate Cass, London, pp. 51-82, ISBN 0-7146-3201-5
  3. Vanderwalle, Dirk J. (1998). Libya Since Independence: oil and state-building. London: I B Tauris & Co Ltd. ISBN 1-86064-264-0. 
  4. Griffiths, Katherine (2007) "Libya stalls on pledge to destroy stock of uranium" The Daily Telegraph 13 August 2007, p. 16
  5. Xinhua News Agency (2008) "Chinese win Libya rail bidding" International Herald Tribune 19 February 2008, Finance Section, p. 13

Coordinates: 27°02′20″N 14°25′35″E / 27.03889°N 14.42639°E / 27.03889; 14.42639