Roushie alphabet

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The Roushie alphabet (Roushie: русский алфавит, transleeteration: rússkij alfavít) uises letters frae the Cyrillic script. The modren Roushie alphabet consists o 33 letters.

Alphabet[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Roushie alphabet is as follaes:

Letter Handwriting Name Auld name IPA Approximate Scots example Roushie example [Pronunciation]
(Meanin)
Unicode (Hex)
Аа 01-Russian alphabet-А а.svg а
[ä]
азъ
[äs]
/ä/ father два [dva]
(two)
1 U+0410 / U+0430
Бб 02-Russian alphabet-Б б.svg бэ
[bɛ]
буки
[ˈbukʲɪ]
/b/ or /bʲ/ bad без [byez]
(without)
U+0411 / U+0431
Вв 03-Russian alphabet-В в.svg вэ
[vɛ]
вѣди
[ˈvʲedʲɪ]
/v/ or /vʲ/ vine вот [vot]
(here)
2 U+0412 / U+0432
Гг 04-Russian alphabet-Г г.svg гэ
[ɡɛ]
глаголь
[ɡlɐˈɡolʲ]
/ɡ/ go год [god]
(year)
3 U+0413 / U+0433
Дд 05-Russian alphabet-Д д.svg дэ
[dɛ]
добро
[dɐˈbro]
/d/ or /dʲ/ do да [da]
(yes)
4 U+0414 / U+0434
Ее 06-Russian alphabet-Е е.svg е
[je]
есть
[jesʲtʲ]
/je/, / ʲe/ or /e/ yes не [nye]
(not)
5 U+0415 / U+0435
Ёё 07-Russian alphabet-Ё ё.svg ё
[jo]
/jo/ or / ʲɵ/ yo-yo своё [svoyo]
(one's own, my, our)
U+0401 / U+0451
Жж 08-Russian alphabet-Ж ж.svg жэ
[ʐɛ]
живѣте
[ʐɨˈvʲetʲɪ][lower-alpha 1]
/ʐ/ pleasure жук [zhuuk]
(bug)
U+0416 / U+0436
Зз 09-Russian alphabet-З з.svg зэ
[zɛ]
земля
[zʲɪˈmlʲæ]
/z/ or /zʲ/ zoo за [za]
(ahind)
7 U+0417 / U+0437
Ии 10-Russian alphabet-И и.svg и
[i]
иже
[ˈiʐɨ]
/i/ or / ʲi/ me или [ili]
(or)
8 U+0418 / U+0438
Йй 11-Russian alphabet-Й й.svg и краткое
[i ˈkrätkəɪ]
и съ краткой
[ɪ s ˈkrätkəj]
/j/ toy мой [moy]
(ma)
U+0419 / U+0439
Кк 12-Russian alphabet-К к.svg ка
[kä]
како
[ˈkäkə]
/k/ or /kʲ/ kiss кто [kto]
(who)
20 U+041A / U+043A
Лл 13-Russian alphabet-Л л.svg эл or эль
[ɛl] or [ɛlʲ]
люди
[ˈlʲʉdʲɪ]
/l/ or /lʲ/ lamp ли [li]
(whether)
30 U+041B / U+043B
Мм 14-Russian alphabet-М м.svg эм
[ɛm]
мыслѣте
[mɨˈsʲlʲetʲɪ][2]
/m/ or /mʲ/ map чем [tsem]
(nor)
40 U+041C / U+043C
Нн 15-Russian alphabet-Н н.svg эн
[ɛn]
нашъ
[näʂ]
/n/ or /ɲ/ nae но [no]
(but)
50 U+041D / U+043D
Оо 16-Russian alphabet-О о.svg о
[о]
онъ
[on]
/o/ bore они [oni]
(thay)
70 U+041E / U+043E
Пп 17-Russian alphabet-П п.svg пэ
[pɛ]
покой
[pɐˈkoj]
/p/ or /pʲ/ pet под [pod]
(unner)
80 U+041F / U+043F
Рр 18-Russian alphabet-Р р.svg эр
[ɛr]
рцы
[rtsɨ]
/r/ or /rʲ/ rolled r при [pri]
(attached tae)
100 U+0420 / U+0440
Сс 19-Russian alphabet-С с.svg эс
[ɛs]
слово
[ˈslovə]
/s/ or /sʲ/ see если [yesli]
(if)
200 U+0421 / U+0441
Тт 20-Russian alphabet-Т т.svg тэ
[tɛ]
твердо
[ˈtvʲerdə]
/t/ or /tʲ/ tuil тот [tot]
(that)
300 U+0422 / U+0442
Уу 21-Russian alphabet-У у.svg у
[u]
укъ
[uk]
/u/ Inglis boot уже [uzhye]
(already)
400 U+0423 / U+0443
Фф 22-Russian alphabet-Ф ф.svg эф
[ɛf]
фертъ
[fʲert]
/f/ or /fʲ/ face форма [forma]
(form)
500 U+0424 / U+0444
Хх 23-Russian alphabet-Х х.svg ха
[xä]
хѣръ
[xʲer]
/x/ Scots loch хорошо [horosho]
(well)
600 U+0425 / U+0445
Цц 24-Russian alphabet-Ц ц.svg це
[tsɛ]
цы
[t͡sɨ]
/t͡s/ sits конец [konyets]
(end)
900 U+0426 / U+0446
Чч 25-Russian alphabet-Ч ч.svg че
[tɕe]
червь
[t͡ɕerfʲ]
/t͡ɕ/ chip четыре [chtirye]
(fower)
90 U+0427 / U+0447
Шш 26-Russian alphabet-Ш ш.svg ша
[ʂä]
ша
[ʂä]
/ʂ/ Close tae sharp, lik the German stehen (voiceless retroflex fricative) ваш [vash]
(yers)
U+0428 / U+0448
Щщ 27-Russian alphabet-Щ щ.svg ща
[ɕɕæ]
ща
[ɕt͡ɕæ]
/ɕɕ/ sheer (sometimes instead pronoonced
as in fresh-cheese) (a voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative)
ещё [yeshchyo]
(yet, still)
U+0429 / U+0449
Ъъ 28-Russian alphabet-ъ.svg твёрдый знак
[ˈtvʲɵrdɨj znäk]
еръ
[jer]
silent, prevents palatalization o the precedin consonant объект [ob.yekt]
(object)
U+042A / U+044A
Ыы 29-Russian alphabet-ы.svg ы
[ɨ]
еры
[jɪˈrɨ]
[ɨ] roses or silly (close central unroondit vowel) ты [tɨ]
(ye)
U+042B / U+044B
Ьь 30-Russian alphabet-ь.svg мягкий знак
[ˈmʲæxʲkʲɪj znäk]
ерь
[jerʲ]
/ ʲ/ silent, slichtly palatalizes the precedin consonant (if it is phonologically possible) весь [vye(sh)]
(aw)
U+042C / U+044C
Ээ 31-Russian alphabet-Э э.svg э
[ɛ]
э оборотное
[ˈɛ əbɐˈrotnəɪ]
/ɛ/ met это [eto]
(this, that)
U+042D / U+044D
Юю 32-Russian alphabet-Ю ю.svg ю
[ju]
ю
[ju]
/ju/ or / ʲʉ/ use юг [yug]
(sooth)
U+042E / U+044E
Яя 33-Russian alphabet-Я я.svg я
[ja]
я
[ja]
/ja/ or / ʲæ/ yard себя [syebya]
(masel)
U+042F / U+044F
letters eliminated in 1917–18
Іі і десятеричное
[i]
/i/ or / ʲi/ or /j/ Lik и or й стихотворенія (now стихотворения) [stihotvoryeniya]
(poem)
10
Ѳѳ ѳита
[fʲɪˈta]
/f/ or /fʲ/ Lik ф орѳографія (now орфография) [orfografiya]
(spellin)
9
Ѣѣ ять
[jætʲ]
/e/ or / ʲe/ Lik е Алексѣй (nou Алексeй) [alyeksyey]
(Alexey)
Ѵѵ ижица
[ˈiʐɨtsə]
/i/ or / ʲi/ Uisually lik и мѵро (now миро) [miro]
(chrism)
letters eliminated before 1750
Ѕѕ зѣло
[zʲɪˈlo][3]
/z/ or /zʲ/ Lik з n/a 6
Ѯѯ кси
[ksʲi]
/ks/ or /ksʲ/ Lik кс n/a 60
Ѱѱ пси
[psʲi]
/ps/ or /psʲ/ Lik пс n/a 700
Ѡѡ омега
[ɐˈmʲeɡə]
/o/ Lik о n/a 800
Ѫѫ юсъ большой
[jus bɐlʲˈʂoj]
/u/, /ju/ or / ʲu/ Lik у or ю n/a
Ѧѧ юсъ малый
[jus ˈmɑlɨj]
/ja/ or / ʲa/ Lik я n/a
Ѭѭ юсъ большой іотированный
[jus bɐlʲˈʂoj jɪˈtʲirəvənnɨj]
/ju/ or / ʲu/ Lik ю n/a
Ѩѩ юсъ малый іотированный
[jus ˈmɑlɨj jɪˈtʲirəvən.nɨj]
/ja/ or / ʲa/ Lik я n/a
^† An alternate form o the letter El closely resembles the Greek letter for lambda (Л л).

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ushakov, Dmitry, "живете", Толковый словарь русского языка Ушакова [Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language] (article) (in Russian), RU: Yandex ; the dictionary makes difference between е and ё.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ushakov, Dmitry, "ёлка", Толковый словарь русского языка Ушакова (in Russian), RU: Yandex .
  2. Ushakov, Dmitry, "мыслете", Толковый словарь русского языка Ушакова [Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language] (article) (in Russian), RU: Yandex .
  3. ФЭБ, RU: Feb web .