Robert the Bruce

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Robert I
Robertthebruce.jpg
Victorian depiction o Bruce
Keeng o Scots
Reign 1306–1329
Coronation 25 Mairch 1306
Predecessor John
Successor David II
Spouse Isabella o Mar
Elizabeth de Burgh
Issue
Marjorie Bruce
David II o Scotland
Hoose Hoose o Bruce
Father Robert de Brus, 6t Lord o Annandale
Mother Marjorie, Coontess o Carrick
Born 11 Julie 1274(1274-07-11)
Turnberry Castle, Ayrshire[1]
Died 7 Juin 1329(1329-06-07) (agit 54)
Manor o Cardross
Burial Dunfermline Abbey (Body) – Melrose Abbey (Heart)
Religion Roman Catholicism

Robert I, for ordinar cried Robert the Bruce, (11 Julie 1274 – 7 Juin 1329) wis Keeng o Scots frae 1306 till his daith in 1329. He led Scotland durin the Weirs o Unthirldom agin Ingland.

Youthheid[eedit | eedit soorce]

He wis the first son o Robert de Brus an Marjorie, Countess o Carrick. Nae ower muckle is kent aboot his bairnheid, but it is believed that he coud speak the Gaelic, the French an a wee bit o the Laitin. He see'd the affcome o the Great Cause as wrangous, he thocht that his faimly shoud hae haed the throne.

In 1295 he mairit on Isabella o Mar.

The Wars o Unthirldom[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Weirs o Unthirldom

In 1296, Robert an his faither swuire lealty tae Edward I o Ingland, but Robert than supportit the revolt agin him the neist year. Efter a while, he swuire anither aith o lealty tae Edward. Houaniver shortlins efter the Battle o Stirlin Brig, he again stairtit supportin the Scots.

Whan William Wallace resigned as Gairdian o Scotland, Robert an John Comyn becam jynt Gairdians, but they war faes an didna like ane anither. William Lamberton appyntit as a thrid jynt Gairdian, an the neist year Robert resigned as Guardian o Scotland.

In aboot 1302, Robert decidit tae, again, support King Edward I o Ingland. Forby, he mairit his seicont wife, Elizabeth de Burgh that he haed fower bairns wi. In 1303, King Edward invadit Scotland an the leadin Scots aw surrendert, cep William Wallace, but he wis fangit an kilt in 1305. Efter this, Edward stairtit absorbin Scotland intae his kinrick.

Keeng o Scots[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bruce addressin his sodgers at Bannockburn

Robert believed he haed a richt tae the throne o Scotland. Houaniver, as he haed supportit Scotland an Ingland durin the Wars o Unthirldom, he wisna verra weel trustit. His auld fae John Comyn haed a strang claim tae the throne an aw. Robert trystit him tae a meetin in Dumfries. He than attackit John Comyn in the kirk o the Greyfriars monastery. Whan he fand oot Comyn haed survived, twa o Robert's supporters gaed back an kilt him. Robert wis excommunicatit for this. Efter this, Robert threapit his richt tae the throne, an than wis crount Keeng o Scotland. He wis nou Keeng, but he didna hae a kinrick.

Efter bein bate at the Battle o Methven, he gaed tae Rathlin Island, aff the nothren coast o Ireland. Than Edward I dee'd an his son Edward II becam keeng. Robert than retourt tae Scotland, an begoud a war agin Edward II, wi smaw victories agin the Inglis at a twa-three battles. He syne follaed this wi mair victories, includin defeatin John Comyn, 3rd Earl o Buchan (his fae's son) an a victory ower the Inglis at Aiberdeen. He than wan again at the Battle o the Pass o Brander, an he teuk Dunstaffnage Castle. In Mairch 1309, he haud his first Pairlament, an bi August, he haed owerins o aw o Scotland benorth the River Tay. The neist year, the kirk recogneesed Robert as keeng o Scotland, this wis verra poleetically important, as the kirk haed excommunicatit him afore. He syne teuk three mair Inglis castles, Linlithgow, Dumbarton an Perth. Efter this he fangit Stirlin Castle, Roxburgh an Edinburgh Castle. He secured independence at the Battle o Bannockburn in 1314.

Daith[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dunfermline Abbey

It's no kent whit exactly caused his daith on 7 Juin 1329, but it is traditionally thocht that it wis leprosy, but this is disputit. His corpse is birriet in Dunfermline Abbey, but his hert is birriet in Melrose Abbey, as he wantit.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Robert The Bruce. Publisher: Heinemann. ISBN 0-431-05883-0.