Rehovot

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Rechovot
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu רְחוֹבוֹת
 • ISO 259 Rḥobot

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Rehovot is located in Israel
Rechovot
Rechovot
Coordinates: 31°53′52.67″N 34°48′29.24″E / 31.8979639°N 34.8081222°E / 31.8979639; 34.8081222
Destrict Center
Foondit 1890
Government
 • Type Ceety
 • Heid o Municipality Rahamim Malul
Area
 • Total 23,041 dunams (23.041 km2 or 8.896 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 112,700
Name meaning Broad Places[2]
Website www.rehovot.muni.il

Rehovot (Ebreu: רְחוֹבוֹת‎‎) is a ceety in the Center Destrict o Israel, aboot 20 km sooth o Tel Aviv. Accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS), at the end o 2009 the ceety haed a total population o 112,700.[1] Rehovot's offeecial wabsteid estimates the population at 114,000.

Rehovot wis built on the steid o Doron, a Jewish community that existit in the time o the Mishna. The steid wis an aa the location o Khirbet Duran, populatit durin the Roman, Byzantine an early Arab periods. The ceety is named efter a biblical toun o the same name (Rehoboth in the KJV Bible), which stuid at a different location, in the Negev Desert.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rehovot in its early days

Rehovot wis foondit in 1890, in the coastal plain relatively spairsely settled bi Arabs, bi Pols Jews who wantit a tounship independent o the Baron Edmond de Rothschild's aid (an management). Israel Belkind, ane o the oreeginal foonders o the settlement, proposed the name Rehovot (lit. 'wide expanses') based on Genesis 26:22 : "An he cried the name o it Rehoboth; an he said: 'For nou the Laird hath made ruim for us, an we shall be fruitful in the land.'" The name wis acceptit. In 1908 they wur joined bi immigrants frae Yemen, who settled in the ceety's Sha'arayim destrict.[3] These early settlers plantit vineyards, almond orchards an citrus groves. They athstuid agricultural failures, plant diseases, an mercatin problems.

An agricultural research station that opened in Rehovot in 1932 became the Depairtment o Agricultur o the Ebreu University o Jerusalem. In 1934 Chaim Weizmann established the Sieff Institute, which became the Weizmann Institute o Science. In 1937 Weizmann built his hame on the land purchased adjacent tae the Sieff Institute. The hoose later served as the presidential residence efter Weizamnn became preses in 1948. Weizmann an his wife are buried on the grunds o the institute.

On 29 Februar 1948 the Lehi blew up the Cairo tae Haifa train shortly efter it left Rehovoth killin 29 Breetish sodgers an injurin 35 as well as 100 ceevilians. The Lehi annooncement said the bombin wis in retaliation for the Ben Yehuda Street Bombin a week earlier.[4]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rehovot Library

Atween 1914 an 1991 the population rose frae 955 tae 81,000, an the aurie o the toun mair than doubled. Pairts o Rehovot's suburbs are built on land which afore 1948 belanged tae the veelage o Zarnuqa, population 2,620, includin 240 Jews in Gibton.[5] In 1995, there wur 337,800 fowk livin in the greater Rehovot aurie. As o 2007, the ethnic makeup o the ceety wis 99.8% Jewish. There wur 49,600 males an 52,300 females, o whom 31.6% wur 19 years o age or younger, 16.1% atween the ages o 20 an 29, 18.2% atween 30 an 44, 18.2% frae 45 tae 59, 3.5% frae 60 tae 64, an 12.3% 65 years o age or aulder. The population growth rate wis 1.8%.[6]

Income[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o 2004, in the ceety there wur 41,323 salaried wirkers and 2,683 are sel-employed. The mean monthly wage for a salaried wirker in the ceety is ILS 6,732, a real chynge o -5.2% ower the course o the previous year. Salaried males hae a mean monthly wage o ILS 8,786 (a real chynge o -4.8%) versus ILS 4,791 for females (a real chynge o -5.3%). The mean income for the sel-employed is 6,806. There are 1,082 fowk who receive unemployment benefits an 6,627 fowk who receive an income guarantee.[6]

Minorities: In Rehovot there are three significant Jewish ethnic minorities: Roushie Jews, Yemenite Jews an Ethiopian Jews, concentratit lairgely in the Kiryat Moshe an Oshiot auries.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Weizmann Institute o Science

As o 2004, there are 19,794 students an 53 schuils in the ceety, includin 30 schuils wi 9,875 elementary schuil students an 29 schuils wi 9,919 heich schuil students.[6] 61.3% o 12t grade students wur entitled tae a matriculation certificate. The ceety is hame tae the Weizmann Institute o Science an the Faculty o Agricultur o the Ebreu University o Jerusalem. There are an' a' a number o smawer junior colleges in Rehovot that provide specialized an technical trainin. In addition, Kaplan Hospital acts as an ancillary teachin hospital for the Medical Schuil o the Ebreu University o Jerusalem.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Tamar Science Park, established in 2000, is a heich-tech pairk o 1,000 dunams (250 acres) at the northren entrance o the ceety.[7] Though lairgely conceived as an aurie o Rehovot, it actually is unner the municipal bundaries o neighbourin Ness Ziona.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rehovot haes haed three clubs representin it the top diveesion o Israeli fitbaa, Maccabi Rehovot atween 1949 and 1956, Maccabi Sha'arayim atween 1963 an 1969 an again in 1985, an Hapoel Marmorek in the 1972-73 saison.

The day Marmorek is the heichest ranked club, playin in Liga Artzit, the third level. Maccabi Sha'arayim play in Liga Bet, the fift level, whilst Maccabi Rehovot play in Liga Gimel, the saxt an lawest division.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rehovot is twinned wi:

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  2. Frae Genesis 26:22. Wird stems frae raḥav (רחב), meanin broad.
  3. "The 'science city' is not sparkling - Haaretz - Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  4. The Scotsman Mairch 1st, 1948. Reports that baith Weizmann's hame an the Agricultural Institute wur damaged bi the explosion. (Ane an twa miles frae the scene respectively).
  5. Walid Khalidi (Editor), 'All that Remains: Palestinian villages occupied and depopulated by Israel in 1948'. IPS, Washington. 1992. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. page 425
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Accordin tae Israel Central Bureau o Statistics data [1] (Ebreu)
  7. The 'science city' is not sparkling
  8. "Twinning". City of Heidelberg. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 31°53′52.67″N 34°48′29.24″E / 31.8979639°N 34.8081222°E / 31.8979639; 34.8081222