Quibdó

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Quibdó
Municipality an toun

Flag

Seal
Coordinates: 5°41′32″N 76°39′29″W / 5.69222°N 76.65806°W / 5.69222; -76.65806
Kintra Banner o Colombie Colombie
Region Paceefic Region
Depairtment Chocó
Foondit 1648
Government
 • Mayor Zulia Maria Mena Garcia
Area
 • Total 3,337.5 km2 (1,288.6 sq mi)
Elevation 43 m (141 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 126,384
 • Density 38/km2 (98/sq mi)
Time zone Colombie Staundart Time (UTC-05)
Area code(s) 57 + 4
Website Offeecial wabsteid (Spainyie)

Quibdó is the caipital ceety o Chocó, in wastren Colombie, on the Atrato River. The municipality o Quibdó haes an aurie o 3,337.5 km² an a population o 100,000 [1] mainly consistin o Afro-Colombies an Zambo Colombies. [2]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In prehistoric times the Chocó rainforest servit as a major barrier isolatin the Mesoamerican an Andean ceevilisations, an the extremely humid climate failed tae attract the Spainyie colonists an aw. The region wis eventually grantit bi the Embera Indians tae the Franciscan order in 1648, but subsequent attacks bi hostile tribes meant attempts at dounset wur abandoned,[3] anerlie tae be established again sax years later.

It wis no till the nineteent century whan thare wis interest in findin a shippin route atween the Atlantic an Paceefic Oceans tae avoid travelin via the Straits o Magellan that the Chocó region again became o significant interest tae European colonial pouers, as the Atrato River Valley wis thocht the best possibility for this purpose bi the splorer Alexander von Humboldt;[4] housomeivver it wis eventually shelvit in favour o the Panama Canal. At the same time research on uisin the Chocó tae connect the Paceefic an Atlantic wis bein carriet oot, gowd an platinum wur discovered in the Atrato Valley[4] an this ensured Quibdó’s growthe an status as the chief toun in the region.

Anither crucial development at this time wis the muivement o freed black slaves intae the Chocó, primarily engagin in shiftin cultivation tae cowp wi the extreme leachin frae the super-humid climate, tho fishin an the collection o forest products helpit these groups maintain their liveliheid an aw.[5] These black commonties established trade wi hieland ceeties such as Medellín via rough mule trails that lastit till the 1950s,[6] efter which a combination o population growthe an declinin values for the region’s natural resources gradually turned the region an especially Quibdó.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Quibdó haes an extremely wet an cloudy tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af) athoot noticeable saisons an bi a lairge margin the heaviest rainfaw o ony ceety o its size or greater - the wettest ceety o lairger size, Monrovia in Liberie, receives a whoppin 3 metres (120 in) less than Quibdó. The extreme rainfaw is due tae the fact that the Andes tae the east o the ceety block the wasterly winds driven bi the Intertropical Convergence Zone which throuoot the year, awin to the Humboldt Current aff the wast coast o Sooth Americae, remains centred in the north o the continent at Quibdó’s langitudes. The result is that the extremely unstable ascendin air frae the Intertropical Convergence Zone is consistently forcit tae rise ower the Chocó plain an as it ceuls it gives up enormous quantities o moistur.

Rain faws amaist ivery day in intense thunnerstorms, an sunny periods seldom last mair than a few oors efter sunrise.

Climate data for Quibdó (Aeropuerto El Caraño)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 36.6
(97.9)
35.0
(95.0)
35.4
(95.7)
37.0
(98.6)
35.0
(95.0)
38.0
(100.4)
36.8
(98.2)
35.4
(95.7)
35.0
(95.0)
34.8
(94.6)
35.4
(95.7)
35.6
(96.1)
38.0
(100.4)
Average heich °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
30.2
(86.4)
30.4
(86.7)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
31.1
(88.0)
31.0
(87.8)
30.7
(87.3)
30.4
(86.7)
30.2
(86.4)
29.6
(85.3)
30.56
(87.00)
Average laich °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
23.2
(73.8)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
23.0
(73.4)
22.8
(73.0)
22.9
(73.2)
22.8
(73.0)
22.7
(72.9)
22.8
(73.0)
23.0
(73.4)
22.99
(73.39)
Record laich °C (°F) 19.0
(66.2)
21.0
(69.8)
20.8
(69.4)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
19.0
(66.2)
19.8
(67.6)
19.6
(67.3)
20.0
(68.0)
18.0
(64.4)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
18.0
(64.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 579.3
(22.807)
505.4
(19.898)
526.1
(20.713)
654.6
(25.772)
776.2
(30.559)
761.6
(29.984)
802.6
(31.598)
851.7
(33.531)
702.4
(27.654)
654.0
(25.748)
728.1
(28.665)
588.5
(23.169)
8,130.5
(320.098)
humidity 88 86 86 88 87 87 86 87 87 88 88 89 87.3
Avg. rainy days 24 21 22 25 27 26 26 27 27 27 26 26 304
Mean monthly sunshine hours 90.5 83.4 85.6 92.9 112.5 114 135.1 132.7 112.7 116.7 112.2 88.1 1,276.4
Source: INSTITUTO DE HIDROLOGIA METEOROLOGIA Y ESTUDIOS AMBIENTALES[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. http://www.citypopulation.de/Colombia.html
  2. http://www.eltiempo.com/colombia/otraszonas/ARTICULO-WEB-NEW_NOTA_INTERIOR-10398947.html
  3. Colombia History - History of Quibdó
  4. 4.0 4.1 Kelley, Frederick M.; Kennish, William and Serrell, Edward Wellman; The Practicability and Importance of a Ship Canal to Connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, with a History of the Enterprise; published 1855 By George F. Nisbett
  5. Asher, Kiran; Black and Green; Afro-Colombians, development and Nature in the Pacific Lowlands; p. 36. ISBN 978-0-8223-4483-4
  6. Zarsky, Lyuba; Human Rights and the Environment: Conflicts and Norms in a Globalizing World; pp. 177-178. ISBN 1-85383-815-2
  7. Clima: Climatografía de la principales ciudades

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