Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

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Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Scots)
Петропавловск-Камчатский (Roushie)
-  Ceety[1]  -
Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky at night.jpg
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky at night
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is located in Russia
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Location o Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in Roushie
Coordinates: 53°01′N 158°39′E / 53.017°N 158.650°E / 53.017; 158.650Coordinates: 53°01′N 158°39′E / 53.017°N 158.650°E / 53.017; 158.650
Gerb pk.jpg
Flag of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Kamchatka krai).png
Coat o airms
Banner
Ceety Day October 17[citation needit]
Admeenistrative status (as o Mairch 2010)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Kamchatka Krai
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Ceety Unner Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Admeenistrative center o Kamchatka Krai,[1] Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Ceety Unner Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as o October 2004)
Urban okrug Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Urban Okrug[2]
Admeenistrative centre o Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Urban Okrug[2]
Head[citation needit] Sergey Kondrashin[citation needit]
Representative body Ceety Duma[citation needit]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
179,780 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 100t
Time zone MAGT (UTC+12:00)[4]
Founded October 17, 1740[citation needit]
Previous names Petropavlovsk (until 1924)[citation needit]
Postal code(s) 683000 (main)[citation needit]
Dialin code(s) +7 4152[citation needit]
Offeecial wabsteid

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Roushie: Петропа́вловск-Камча́тский‎) is the ceety an the admeenistrative, industrial, scienteefic, an cultural center o Kamchatka Krai, Roushie. Population: 179,780 (2010 Census preliminary results);[3] 198,028 (2002 Census);[5] 268,747 (1989 Census).[6]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is situatit on heich hills an surroondit bi volcanoes. In fact, the horizon cannae be seen clearly frae ony pynt in toun as volcanoes an muntains are everywhaur. Athort Avacha Bay frae the ceety is Roushie's lairgest submarine base, the Rybachiy Nuclear Submarine Base, established durin Soviet times an still uised bi the Roushie Navy.[7] The ceety is locatit 6,766 kilometers (4,204 mi) frae Moscow (aboot nine oors bi plane) an aboot 2,220 kilometers (1,380 mi) frae Vladivostok.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety wis foondit bi Danish navigator Vitus Bering in the service o the Roushie Navy. Bering reached Avacha Bay in late 1740 an laid the foondation stane for the harbor toun, namin the new settlement "Petropavlovsk" (Peter an Paul) efter his twa ships, the St. Peter an the St. Paul, built in Okhotsk for his seicont expedition. The toun's location on the sheltered Avacha Bay an at the mooth o the Avacha River saw it develop tae acome the maist important settlement in Kamchatka. It wis grantit toun status on Aprile 9, 1812.

Durin the 1854–1855 Crimean War, the ceety wis put unner siege bi the Anglo-French forces, but never fell. The ceety haed been fortified unner the command o Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky in the years prior, but anly possessed a smaa garrison o a few hundred soldiers an saxty-seven cannons. Efter much exchange o fire, 600 allied troops landit sooth o the ceety, but wur forced tae retreat bi anly 230 Roushie troops efter hivy fichtin. Ane week later, 900 allied troops landed east o the toun, but wur again repelled bi the Roushies. The allied ships then retreated frae Russian waters. The tot Roushie losses wur reportit at aroond 100 men; those o the allies at least five times that nummer.

Petropavlovsk wis a great soorce o fish, particularly salmon, an crab meat for the Soviet Union in the 20t century. Syne the end o the Soviet era, fishin richts hae an aa been grantit tae foreign interests.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The climate is boreal (Köppen Dfc) an precipitation averages are estimatit at 1,000 millimeters (39 in), or aboot three-an-a-hauf times as much as maist o Siberie averages, wi maist fallin as snaw. Temperatures in winter are much milder than in Siberia—a typical January day averages −5 °C (23 °F), while in simmer +15.9 °C (60.6 °F) constitutes an average August heich. In wairm years monthly heich averages in Julie–August reach +18 °C (64 °F) an heicher.[8]

Despite the generally heich precipitation, the wather is less cloody than in the adjacent Kuril Islands that are ane o the least sunny places in the warld,[9] syne the ceety is locatit behind a peninsula tae the north that blocks some o the fog frae the Oyashio Current. Oceanic watter in Avacha Bay an adjacent bays is an aa wairmer than coastal watters o Kuril Islands an Okhotsk sea coast (except Soothren Kuriles an Soothren Sakhalin).

Climate data for Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
3.6
(38.5)
6.8
(44.2)
18.1
(64.6)
20.6
(69.1)
27.6
(81.7)
30.0
(86.0)
27.2
(81.0)
24.4
(75.9)
17.8
(64.0)
12.6
(54.7)
6.4
(43.5)
30.0
(86.0)
Average heich °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−4.5
(23.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.1
(35.8)
6.6
(43.9)
11.9
(53.4)
15.0
(59.0)
15.9
(60.6)
13.2
(55.8)
7.8
(46.0)
1.0
(33.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
4.9
(40.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.6
(18.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.4
(38.1)
8.2
(46.8)
11.5
(52.7)
12.5
(54.5)
9.7
(49.5)
4.9
(40.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
1.9
(35.4)
Average laich °C (°F) −9.8
(14.4)
−9.4
(15.1)
−7
(19)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.2
(34.2)
5.7
(42.3)
9.3
(48.7)
10.2
(50.4)
7.1
(44.8)
2.6
(36.7)
−3.3
(26.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
Record laich °C (°F) −28.6
(−19.5)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−14.8
(5.4)
−7.2
(19.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
2.5
(36.5)
2.6
(36.7)
−1.1
(30.0)
−7.5
(18.5)
−16.5
(2.3)
−26
(−14.8)
−31.7
(−25.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 83
(3.27)
61
(2.4)
71
(2.8)
68
(2.68)
50
(1.97)
53
(2.09)
70
(2.76)
96
(3.78)
105
(4.13)
136
(5.35)
112
(4.41)
82
(3.23)
987
(38.86)
Avg. precipitation days 18 17 17 16 14 14 16 16 13 16 15 16 188
Mean monthly sunshine hours 105.4 115.8 176.7 192.0 192.2 192.0 170.5 176.7 177.0 158.1 123.0 93.0 1,872.4
Source no. 1: Погода и климат [10]
Source no. 2: Hong Kong Observatory [11]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Law #46
  2. 2.0 2.1 Law #220
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. [1]
  8. http://pogoda.ru.net/monitor.php?id=32583&month=8&year=2006 Pogoda.ru.net
  9. See Climatological Norms of Simusir Island
  10. Погода и климат. [2]. Retrieved on: April 8, 2010.
  11. Climatological Norms of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky [3]. Retrieved on: August 24, 2011.

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