The Paykan (Persien:پيکان) wis an automobile produced bi the Iranian company Iran Khodro (formerly called "Iran National") Industrial Group. The caur wis very popular in Iran frae the late 1960s to the late 1990s. It is aften referred as the Iranian "chariot".
The design wis introduced to Iran bi Mahmoud Khayami, co-foonder an, bi then, owner o the Iran Khodro (formerly called "Iran National") company an factory, who accurately predicted that Iran wis in need of a simple "no-frills" automobile within the price range o ordinary fowk.
In 1967, Rootes began exportin Hunters to Iran Khodro in "complete knock down" (CKD) kit form, for assembly in Iran. In 1972 it seemed that every caur in Iran wis a Paykan. Bi the mid 1970s, full scale manufacture o the caur, less the engine, haed started in Iran.
In 1978, Peugeot took over the Rootes company efter it collapsed under the ownership o Chrysler Europe; a year later Peugeot ended Hunter production. Thereafter, the Paykan's engine production tooling wis moved to Iran an wis in full-scale manufacture under Peugeot license until 2005.
Although Paykan wis based on an auld 1966 model, there wur mony changes an modifications made to it over the years, notably the substitution, for the original 1725 cc Rootes engine, o a Peugeot 504-derived unit. The modifications to the exterior included a new stock body kit an head an tail lights.
The Iranian government reportedly offered Iran Khodro a large cash incentive to end Paykan production bi 2005, labeling the caur as an environmental hazard an because o its unacceptably hie fuel consumption. During its last years the order backlog wis nearly twa years long.
The Samand, commonly referred to as the "New Paykan", is currently being produced bi Iran Khodro as a modern substitute for the Paykan class o caurs. In 2005, Iran Khodro announced that it haed sold the discontinued Paykan's automobile production line to the Khartoum Transportation Company in Sudan, while auto-parts production for the Paykan still continues bi third party manufacturers in Iran.