Pardes Hanna-Karkur

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Beit Harishonim, Pardes Hanna

Pardes Hanna-Karkur (Ebreu: פַּרְדֵּס חַנָּה-כַּרְכּוּר‎‎) is a toun in the Haifa Destrict o Israel. In 2009, it haed a population o 31,800.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1913, 15 square kilometers o land wis purchased bi the Hachsharat Hayishuv society frae Arabs in Jenin an Haifa for 400,000 francs (a sum equivalent tae 2 million US dollars).[2] Twa years later, the land wis sauld tae a private investor, Yitzhak Shlezinger, the Odessa Committee an the First Lunnon Ahuza society. This land became the core o Karkur, Moshav Gan Hashomron an Kibbutz Ein Shemer. Till actual settlement began, the aurie wis guardit bi Hashomer, which planted eucalyptus trees tae circumvent a Turkis law that alloued the Ottomans tae expropriate lands if they wur no cultivatit for three years.[2]

The early settlements did no fare well. Shlezinger went bankrupt an sauld his land tae the Jewish National Fund. The Lunnon Ahuza society hoped tae settle Inglis Jews on the land, but succeedit anerlie pairtially. Eventually the Jewish National Fund an the Lunnon Ahuza society joined forces tae establish Karkur.[2]

Pardes Hanna (lit. "Hanna's orchard", an aa "Pardes Chana") wis foondit in 1929 bi Palestine Jewish Colonisation Association an named efter Hannah Rothschild, dochhter o Nathan Mayer Rothschild.

On 6 Aprile 1948, the Irgun raidit the Breetish Airmy camp at Pardes Hanna killin seiven Breetish sodgers an stealin a lairge quantity o weapons.[3]

Efter Israeli unthirldom, Neve Efraim wis foondit bi Jewish immigrants frae Yemen an Neve Oved wis established bi the Labor muivement.[2] In the 1950s, the veelages Tel Shalom an Neve Efraim wur merged wi Pardes Hanna.

Pardes Hanna an Karkur merged in 1969.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Great synagogue o Pardes Hanna, established in 1936

Accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics, the population o Pardes Hanna-Karkur was 31,800 at end of 2009.[1] The land aurie is 22,596 dunams (~22.6 km²). Pardes-Hanna is govrened bi the lairgest local cooncil in Israel bi population size (amang touns athoot municipal status).

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

The auldest an lairgest schuil in Pardes Hanna-Karkur is the Pardes Hanna Agricultural Heich School. It wis established in 1934 bi the Association o Fermers an wis the first agricultural schuil tae include a full academic matriculation program as pairt o its curriculum.[4] It is the anerlie heich-schuil in Israel that affers a veterinary track. Pardes Hanna-Karkur haes sax non-releegious elementary schuils, includin a Democratic schuil, an fower releegious elementary schuils. A releegious heich-schuil for boys, Midrashiat Noam, wis ance considered the flagship o releegious-Zionist education. Its graduates include umwhile meenisters Yitzhak Peretz, Benny Elon an Ya'akov Ne'eman; journalists Haim Zisowitz, Yair Sheleg an Adam Baruch; an Labor Party Secretary-General Eitan Cabel. [5] A releegious heich schuil for girls, Elisheva, is an aa locatit in Pardes Hanna.[2]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pardes Hanna-Karkur is served bi the Caesarea-Pardes Hanna Railway Station an bi buses run bi Egged an Nateev Express. It is connectit tae Heich-gate 4 bi Road 651, tae Heich-gate 65 bi Roads 650 an 652, an tae Heich-gate 70 bi road 652.

Notable residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 TABLE 3. - POPULATION(1) OF LOCALITIES NUMBERING ABOVE 2,000 RESIDENTS(2)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Pardes Hanna-Karkur, A General Real Estate Overview
  3. The Scotsman: 17th, 18th April. Yaakov Meridor wis reportit tae hae be in command o the Irgun attackers. Those deid includit Lieut-Colonel G.L. Hildebrand, Royal Artillery
  4. About Pardes Hanna-Karkur
  5. An educator's legacy