Paper is made frae the wid o trees. Wid is grund up an mixed wi watter an ither chemicals for tae mak a thin liquid cried "paper pulp". Paper pulp can be bleached for tae mak white paper, or dyes can be eikit for tae mak coloured paper. This pulp is pressed intae sheets o paper. When the sheets ir dry, they are cuttit intae pieces o paper.
Whiles paper is made shiny bi eikin cley or ither materials.
Whiles paper is made frae ither kynds o paper. This is an example o recyclin.
Uises o paper
Paper is aften uised for siller. Paper uised for siller is aften made in gey special weys for tae mak it haurd for fowk tae prent thir ain siller. A piece o paper money is cried a baunknote, a bill, or a note.
History o paper
Aboot the year 105, a man in Cheenae cried Ts'ai Lun thocht o a wey tae mak paper frae cotton duds. Fowk in Japan learnt hou tae dae this wi fibre frae the mulberry tree, in the year 610. Efter that thir wis shapit intae a kynd o paper made in Japan. This is cried Japanese paper or Washi. This Cheenese discovery spreid tae Indiae, an syne tae the Middle Aest, an syne tae Italy. A chance o spreidin tae the Middle Aest wis the Battle o Talas in 751. Then airmy o the Arabs captured sodgers o the Cheenese. There wis paper makkers amang the caiptive sodgers. In 757 a paper mill wis biggit at Samarkand. Middle Aestren fowk learnt tae uise linen as paper raw material an tae uise stairch made frae floor as a chemical additive. Thir papers wis weel-kent in the Middle Aest. The Italians uised hemp an linen duds. In 1276 the first Italian paper mill wis biggit at Fabriano an till 14 century Italy becam a paper supplier in Europe. In 1282 the first wattermerk wis introduced in Bologna.
Paper wis haurd tae mak, an it cost muckle siller. In the 19t century, new machines wis made that coud mak paper frae wid fibres. This helpit mak paper cheap eneuch for awbody tae coff. Aboot the same time, ither inventions wis made, like the pincil, the funtain pen, an a prentin press that uised steam pouer. Acause o thir new things, it wis easy for fowk tae write letters, tae buy beuks an newspapers, an tae haud records o whit they did.