Papaloapan Region

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Papaloapan
Region
Oaxaco regions - Papaloapam tae the north
Coordinates: 18°06′0″N 96°07′0″W / 18.10000°N 96.11667°W / 18.10000; -96.11667
Kintra Banner o Mexico Mexico
State Oaxaca
Area
 • Total 8,678 km2 (3,351 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 429,681

The Cuenca del Papaloapan Region is in the north o the state o Oaxaca, Mexico whaur the fuithills o the Sierra Madre de Oaxaca meet the coastal plain o Veracruz.[1] The principal ceety is San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec, the seicont lairgest in Oaxaca state.[2]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region is bordered on the east bi the Cañada region an on the sooth bi the Sierra Norte region o Oaxaca. On the north it meets the state o Puebla an tae the wast the state o Veracruz. The region haes an aurie o 8,678 km2 wi twa destricts, Choapan an Tuxtepec. The climate is hot an humid aw year, wi average temperatur 24°C tae 26°C an average annual precipitation o 2,000mm tae 4,500mm.

The Papaloapan region haes diverse flora an lush vegetation, includin amate, fig, locust, mahogany, oak, cedar, aloe, palm an ceiba hormiguillo. Fauna include porcupine, armadillo, jaguar, raccoon, gray fox, brocket deer an white-tailed deer. Thare is a great variety o birds. The region the day suffers frae serious pollution in the Papaloapan river an an alairmin increase in erosion due tae livestock.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Flor de Piña: Oaxacan weemen on parade in tradeetional apparel.

As o the 2005 census, the region haed a population o 429,681 inhabitants, or 49.51 inhabitants per square kilometre. The population includes Chinatecs, Mazatec, Mixes, Zapotecs an Mestizos, but the indigenous influence is no as visible in social an cultural life as in the ither regions o Oaxaca. Given its location in the coastal plain, the region tends tae identifee itsel mair wi the state o Veracruz than Oaxaca. Afore 1958, the region wis representit in the Lunes del Cerro festival bi the Fandango Jarocho. The Govrenor Alfonso Perez Gasga then decidit tae replace the Fandango wi a new dance that haed a mair teepical Oaxacan natur, creatin the "Flor de Piña" which wad eventually represent the region.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region is the maist industrialisit in Oaxaca

The region is economically the maist active an industrialisit in the state. It contains the major Cerro de Oro an Miguel Alemán dams, which play a central role in flood prevention in the Papaloapan River basin in Veracruz, an are important sources o hydroelectric pouer.[3] Industries include sma-scale manufactur o fine firth furnitur, succar mills, chemical plants, refrigeration, fruit packers, paper mills, ethanol distillery an brewery. The region haes deposits o ile, gowd, uranium, coal an copper that hae no yet been exploitit.

Wi fertile, well-wattered soil, pineapple is the primar crop, as well as rice, mango, litchi, banana, succarcane, wattermelon, green pepper, snuff, lemon, rubber, malanga an orange. Thare are lairge auries o grassland uised for grazin cattle, thoroughbred horses, pigs an poultry. These are affectin soil growthiness. Fisheries catch sunfish, tilapia, an red tenhuayaca in the springs, dams an rivers.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region first haed contact wi Spainyie conquistadors who arrivit seekin rivers o gowd. The first major dounset wis the toun o Tuxtepec in the year 1811, an on 15 Mairch 1825 it wis declared a municipality. Durin the war o unthirldom, it wis the base o the Soyaltepec (Mazatecan) rebels, an thare wis similar resistance durin the Empire o Maximilian.

In the late 1960s an early 1970s the federal govrenment became interestit in development o the economic potential o the Oaxacan region. Govrenor Victor Bravo Ahuja, oreeginally frae Tuxtepec, gave a strang impetus for development an modrenization o the aurie, promotin agricultural, commercial an industrial development.

Tourist attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region haes mony spas, wi maist attractions in the tributars o the Valle Nacional River such as Zuzul, Los Cocos, Piedra Quemada an Los Sauces. This aurie haes an exquisite tropical climate wi clear watters an lush forests inhabitit bi exotic birds such as toucans, macaws, parrots an pelicans. Ecotourism is the maist important tourist activity, the region haein numerous streams, caves, swamps an lagoons o sulphurous watters, providin opportunities for forest muntain hikin, horseback ridin throu the jungle an cave exploration.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Región Papaloapam". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Retrieved 2010-07-05. 
  2. "Historia". Gobierno de San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec, Oax. Retrieved 2010-07-05. 
  3. Gerardo Cruickshank (1972). "Some Problems of the Papaloapan River Basin". Proceedings of University Seminar on Pollution and Water Resources (Columbia University). Retrieved 2010-06-30.