Osmaniye

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Osmaniye
Osmaniye is located in Turkey
Osmaniye
Osmaniye
Coordinates: 37°04′30″N 36°15′00″E / 37.07500°N 36.25000°E / 37.07500; 36.25000
Kintra Turkey
Province Osmaniye
Government
 • Mayor Kadir Kara (MHP)
Area
 • Destrict 774 km2 (299 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1][2]
 • Urban 189,112
 • Destrict 219,411
 • Destrict Density 280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Website www.osmaniye.bel.tr
A view from Osmaniye

Osmaniye is a sma ceety in the Çukurova region o Turkey, the caipital o Osmaniye Province. Aurie 3,767 km². Population o Osmaniye ceety: 194,339. Osmaniye Province: 471,804 (2009). Osmaniye is at an elevation o 125 meters (410.1 feet).

Locatit on the eastren edge o the Çukurova plain in the fuithills o the Nur Muntains, the gateway atween Anatolie an the Middle East, Osmaniye is on the Silk Road, a place o strategic importance an haes been a settlement for various ceevilizations includin the Hittites, Persies an Romans.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Islamic presence in the aurie wis first established bi the Abbasid Caliph Harun Rashid, auxiliaries in his airmy being the first Turks tae fecht in Anatolie. They obviously teuk a shine tae the place an follaein the Turkis victory ower the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071 waves o Turkis conquest began. The Nur Muntains wur settled bi the Ulaşlı tribe o the Turkmens.

The Ulaşlı remained the local pouer through intae the period o the Ottoman Empire an wur even involvit in the Celali uprisins, durin a period o uncertain Ottoman rule in the 17t century. Eventually, in 1865 the Ottoman general Derviş Paşa wis chairgit wi bringin law an order tae Çukurova. He established his headquarters in the Osmaniye veelages o Dereobası, Fakıuşağı,Akyar and brought the Ulaşlı down from the heich muntains tae the veelage o Hacıosmanlı. This eventually became the province o Osmaniye. The ceety o Osmaniye wis formally a destrict govrenorate an atween 1924 an 1933 caipital o the province. Housomeivver in 1933 the province wis abolished an Osmaniye was made the destrict govrenorate o Adana province which continued till 1996.

Osmaniye the day[eedit | eedit soorce]

The day Osmaniye is a conservative kintra toun, the centre o a rich agricultural region well watered bi the Ceyhan river seestem an well-kent for growin peanuts. There is plenty o forest anaw an hintle o the surroondin kintraside is vera attractive. Housomeivver, the toun wis made a provincial caipital in 1996 an as such is nou receivin some investment in infrastructur, an beginnin tae feel mair like a ceety then a rural mercat toun. There is a ring road, an tawer biggins. The cuisine is typical o the region; kabab, şalgam (a drink made o pickled turnips), an baklava. The local specialty is a kynd o bread/pretzel cried simit an tirşik, toğga... etc. In simmer the wather is vera hot, an maist residents o Osmaniye try tae escape either tae the nearbi Mediterranean coast or up intae the Nur muntains. The plateau o Zorkun is a popular muntain retreat in simmertime. There are an aw 2 Roman ceeties remainin, consistin o roads an antique theater, cried Hieropolis an Kastabala. The ceety is anerlie 25 km frae the Mediterranean coast o Dörtyol.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Osmaniye haes a mediterranean climate. Simmers are vera hot an dry while the winters are ceul an wet.

Climate data for Osmaniye
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 23.7
(74.7)
26.2
(79.2)
32.0
(89.6)
36.5
(97.7)
41.7
(107.1)
40.6
(105.1)
42.8
(109.0)
42.0
(107.6)
41.2
(106.2)
38.3
(100.9)
31.0
(87.8)
29.0
(84.2)
42.8
(109.0)
Average heich °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
15.6
(60.1)
18.7
(65.7)
23.2
(73.8)
27.6
(81.7)
31.4
(88.5)
33.5
(92.3)
34.2
(93.6)
32.0
(89.6)
28.0
(82.4)
21.2
(70.2)
15.8
(60.4)
24.64
(76.36)
Average laich °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
4.2
(39.6)
6.8
(44.2)
10.7
(51.3)
14.6
(58.3)
18.7
(65.7)
22.3
(72.1)
22.9
(73.2)
19.1
(66.4)
14.3
(57.7)
7.9
(46.2)
4.6
(40.3)
12.44
(54.40)
Record laich °C (°F) −8.5
(16.7)
−6.8
(19.8)
−4
(24.8)
0.1
(32.2)
4.6
(40.3)
11.5
(52.7)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
7.8
(46.0)
4.1
(39.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−5.4
(22.3)
−8.5
(16.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 93.7
(3.689)
106.4
(4.189)
121.7
(4.791)
87.9
(3.461)
73.1
(2.878)
32.7
(1.287)
18.4
(0.724)
14.2
(0.559)
34.5
(1.358)
76.4
(3.008)
113.3
(4.461)
101.7
(4.004)
874
(34.41)
Avg. rainy days 8.8 9.1 10.3 9.4 7.1 3.2 2.6 2.5 3.9 6.3 7.2 8.8 79.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 161.2 137.2 195.3 231 300.7 330 337.9 297.6 291 241.8 174 158.1 2,855.8
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü[3]

Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Antique ruins o Osmaniye; Karatepe an Aslantaş.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]